– War should be brought to an end.
– Land should be transferred to the peasants.
– Banks should be nationalised.
Words that Matter
Liberal: One who allows a lot of political and economic freedom and supports gradual social, political or religious change.
Radical: One who is in favour of thorough and complete political or social change.
Conservative: One who opposes to great or sudden social change.
Suffragette movement: A movement to give women the right to vote.
Autocracy: A system of government of a country in which one person has complete power.
Jadidists: Muslim reformers within the Russian empire.
Real wage: It reflects the quantities of goods which the wages will actually buy.
Autonomy: The right to govern themselves.
Nomadism: Lifestyle of those who do not live in one place but move from area to area to earn their living.
Kulaks: The name for well-to-do peasants of Russia.
Kolkhoz: Collective farms.
Deported: Forcibly removed from one’s own country.
Exiled: Forced to live away from one’s own country.
Budeonovka: The Soviet hat which Lenin introduced for the soldiers.
1850s-1880s – Debates over socialism in Russia.
1898 – Formation of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party.
1905 – The Bloody Sunday and the Revolution of 1905.
1917 – 2nd March – Abdication of the Tsar.
24th October – Bolshevik uprising in Petrograd.
918-20 – The Civil War.
1919 – Formation of Comintern.
1929 – Beginning of collectivisation programme.