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# Force & Laws of Motion - Class 9 NCERT Solutions Class 9 Notes | EduRev

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## Class 9 : Force & Laws of Motion - Class 9 NCERT Solutions Class 9 Notes | EduRev

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Class IX  Chapter 9 – Force and Laws
of Motion    Science

Question 1:
Which of the following has more inertia: (a) a rubber ball and a stone of the same size?
(b) a bicycle and a train? (c) a five-rupees coin and a one-rupee coin?
Inertia is the measure of the mass of the body. The greater is the mass of the body;
the greater is its inertia and vice-versa.
(a) Mass of a stone is more than the mass of a rubber ball for the same size. Hence,
inertia of the stone is greater than that of a rubber ball.
(b) Mass of a train is more than the mass of a bicycle. Hence, inertia of the train is
greater than that of the bicycle.
(c) Mass of a five rupee coin is more than that of a one-rupee coin. Hence, inertia
of the five rupee coin is greater than that of the one-rupee coin.
Question 2:
In the following example, try to identify the number of times the velocity of the ball
changes:
Page 2

Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
1

Class IX  Chapter 9 – Force and Laws
of Motion    Science

Question 1:
Which of the following has more inertia: (a) a rubber ball and a stone of the same size?
(b) a bicycle and a train? (c) a five-rupees coin and a one-rupee coin?
Inertia is the measure of the mass of the body. The greater is the mass of the body;
the greater is its inertia and vice-versa.
(a) Mass of a stone is more than the mass of a rubber ball for the same size. Hence,
inertia of the stone is greater than that of a rubber ball.
(b) Mass of a train is more than the mass of a bicycle. Hence, inertia of the train is
greater than that of the bicycle.
(c) Mass of a five rupee coin is more than that of a one-rupee coin. Hence, inertia
of the five rupee coin is greater than that of the one-rupee coin.
Question 2:
In the following example, try to identify the number of times the velocity of the ball
changes:
Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
2

“A football player kicks a football to another player of his team who kicks the football
towards the goal. The goalkeeper of the opposite team collects the football and kicks
it towards a player of his own team”.
Also identify the agent supplying the force in each case.
The velocity of the ball changes four times.
As a football player kicks the football, its speed changes from zero to a certain value.
As a result, the velocity of the ball gets changed. In this case, the player applied a force
to change the velocity of the ball. Another player kicks the ball towards the goal post.
As a result, the direction of the ball gets changed. Therefore, its velocity also changes.
In this case, the player applied a force to change the velocity of the ball. The goalkeeper
collects the ball. In other words, the ball comes to rest. Thus, its speed reduces to zero
from a certain value. The velocity of the ball has changed. In this case, the goalkeeper
applied an opposite force to stop/change the velocity of the ball. The goalkeeper kicks
the ball towards his team players. Hence, the speed of the ball increases from zero to
a certain value. Hence, its velocity changes once again. In this case, the goalkeeper
applied a force to change the velocity of the ball.
Question 3:
Explain why some of the leaves may get detached from a tree if we vigorously shake
its branch.
Some leaves of a tree get detached when we shake its branches vigorously. This is
because when the branches of a tree are shaken, it moves to and fro, but its leaves
tend to remain at rest. This is because the inertia of the leaves tend to resist the to
Page 3

Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
1

Class IX  Chapter 9 – Force and Laws
of Motion    Science

Question 1:
Which of the following has more inertia: (a) a rubber ball and a stone of the same size?
(b) a bicycle and a train? (c) a five-rupees coin and a one-rupee coin?
Inertia is the measure of the mass of the body. The greater is the mass of the body;
the greater is its inertia and vice-versa.
(a) Mass of a stone is more than the mass of a rubber ball for the same size. Hence,
inertia of the stone is greater than that of a rubber ball.
(b) Mass of a train is more than the mass of a bicycle. Hence, inertia of the train is
greater than that of the bicycle.
(c) Mass of a five rupee coin is more than that of a one-rupee coin. Hence, inertia
of the five rupee coin is greater than that of the one-rupee coin.
Question 2:
In the following example, try to identify the number of times the velocity of the ball
changes:
Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
2

“A football player kicks a football to another player of his team who kicks the football
towards the goal. The goalkeeper of the opposite team collects the football and kicks
it towards a player of his own team”.
Also identify the agent supplying the force in each case.
The velocity of the ball changes four times.
As a football player kicks the football, its speed changes from zero to a certain value.
As a result, the velocity of the ball gets changed. In this case, the player applied a force
to change the velocity of the ball. Another player kicks the ball towards the goal post.
As a result, the direction of the ball gets changed. Therefore, its velocity also changes.
In this case, the player applied a force to change the velocity of the ball. The goalkeeper
collects the ball. In other words, the ball comes to rest. Thus, its speed reduces to zero
from a certain value. The velocity of the ball has changed. In this case, the goalkeeper
applied an opposite force to stop/change the velocity of the ball. The goalkeeper kicks
the ball towards his team players. Hence, the speed of the ball increases from zero to
a certain value. Hence, its velocity changes once again. In this case, the goalkeeper
applied a force to change the velocity of the ball.
Question 3:
Explain why some of the leaves may get detached from a tree if we vigorously shake
its branch.
Some leaves of a tree get detached when we shake its branches vigorously. This is
because when the branches of a tree are shaken, it moves to and fro, but its leaves
tend to remain at rest. This is because the inertia of the leaves tend to resist the to
Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
3

and fro motion. Due to this reason, the leaves fall down from the tree when shaken
vigorously.
Question 4:
Why do you fall in the forward direction when a moving bus brakes to a stop and fall
backwards when it accelerates from rest?
Due to the inertia of the passenger
Every body tries to maintain its state of motion or state of rest. If a body is at rest,
then it tries to remain at rest. If a body is moving, then it tries to remain in motion. In
a moving bus, a passenger moves with the bus. As the driver applies brakes, the bus
comes to rest. But, the passenger tries to maintain his state of motion. As a result, a
forward force is exerted on him. Similarly, the passenger tends to fall backwards when
the bus accelerates from rest. This is because when the bus accelerates, the inertia of
the passenger tends to oppose the forward motion of the bus. Hence, the passenger
tends to fall backwards when the bus accelerates forward.

Question 1:
If action is always equal to the reaction, explain how a horse can pull a cart.
Page 4

Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
1

Class IX  Chapter 9 – Force and Laws
of Motion    Science

Question 1:
Which of the following has more inertia: (a) a rubber ball and a stone of the same size?
(b) a bicycle and a train? (c) a five-rupees coin and a one-rupee coin?
Inertia is the measure of the mass of the body. The greater is the mass of the body;
the greater is its inertia and vice-versa.
(a) Mass of a stone is more than the mass of a rubber ball for the same size. Hence,
inertia of the stone is greater than that of a rubber ball.
(b) Mass of a train is more than the mass of a bicycle. Hence, inertia of the train is
greater than that of the bicycle.
(c) Mass of a five rupee coin is more than that of a one-rupee coin. Hence, inertia
of the five rupee coin is greater than that of the one-rupee coin.
Question 2:
In the following example, try to identify the number of times the velocity of the ball
changes:
Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
2

“A football player kicks a football to another player of his team who kicks the football
towards the goal. The goalkeeper of the opposite team collects the football and kicks
it towards a player of his own team”.
Also identify the agent supplying the force in each case.
The velocity of the ball changes four times.
As a football player kicks the football, its speed changes from zero to a certain value.
As a result, the velocity of the ball gets changed. In this case, the player applied a force
to change the velocity of the ball. Another player kicks the ball towards the goal post.
As a result, the direction of the ball gets changed. Therefore, its velocity also changes.
In this case, the player applied a force to change the velocity of the ball. The goalkeeper
collects the ball. In other words, the ball comes to rest. Thus, its speed reduces to zero
from a certain value. The velocity of the ball has changed. In this case, the goalkeeper
applied an opposite force to stop/change the velocity of the ball. The goalkeeper kicks
the ball towards his team players. Hence, the speed of the ball increases from zero to
a certain value. Hence, its velocity changes once again. In this case, the goalkeeper
applied a force to change the velocity of the ball.
Question 3:
Explain why some of the leaves may get detached from a tree if we vigorously shake
its branch.
Some leaves of a tree get detached when we shake its branches vigorously. This is
because when the branches of a tree are shaken, it moves to and fro, but its leaves
tend to remain at rest. This is because the inertia of the leaves tend to resist the to
Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
3

and fro motion. Due to this reason, the leaves fall down from the tree when shaken
vigorously.
Question 4:
Why do you fall in the forward direction when a moving bus brakes to a stop and fall
backwards when it accelerates from rest?
Due to the inertia of the passenger
Every body tries to maintain its state of motion or state of rest. If a body is at rest,
then it tries to remain at rest. If a body is moving, then it tries to remain in motion. In
a moving bus, a passenger moves with the bus. As the driver applies brakes, the bus
comes to rest. But, the passenger tries to maintain his state of motion. As a result, a
forward force is exerted on him. Similarly, the passenger tends to fall backwards when
the bus accelerates from rest. This is because when the bus accelerates, the inertia of
the passenger tends to oppose the forward motion of the bus. Hence, the passenger
tends to fall backwards when the bus accelerates forward.

Question 1:
If action is always equal to the reaction, explain how a horse can pull a cart.
Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
4

A horse pushes the ground in the backward direction. According to Newton’s third law
of motion, a reaction force is exerted by the Earth on the horse in the forward direction.
As a result, the cart moves forward.
Question 2:
Explain, why is it difficult for a fireman to hold a hose, which ejects large amounts of
water at a high velocity.
Due to the backward reaction of the water being ejected
When a fireman holds a hose, which is ejecting large amounts of water at a high
velocity, then a reaction force is exerted on him by the ejecting water in the backward
direction. This is because of Newton’s third law of motion. As a result of the backward
force, the stability of the fireman decreases. Hence, it is difficult for him to remain
stable while holding the hose.
Question 3:
From a rifle of mass 4 kg, a bullet of mass 50 g is fired with an initial velocity of 35 m
s
-1
. Calculate the initial recoil velocity of the rifle.

Initially, the rifle is at rest.
Mass  of  the  rifle,
Mass  of  the  bullet,
Recoil  velocity  of the rifle =
Bullet is fired with an initial velocity,

Page 5

Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
1

Class IX  Chapter 9 – Force and Laws
of Motion    Science

Question 1:
Which of the following has more inertia: (a) a rubber ball and a stone of the same size?
(b) a bicycle and a train? (c) a five-rupees coin and a one-rupee coin?
Inertia is the measure of the mass of the body. The greater is the mass of the body;
the greater is its inertia and vice-versa.
(a) Mass of a stone is more than the mass of a rubber ball for the same size. Hence,
inertia of the stone is greater than that of a rubber ball.
(b) Mass of a train is more than the mass of a bicycle. Hence, inertia of the train is
greater than that of the bicycle.
(c) Mass of a five rupee coin is more than that of a one-rupee coin. Hence, inertia
of the five rupee coin is greater than that of the one-rupee coin.
Question 2:
In the following example, try to identify the number of times the velocity of the ball
changes:
Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
2

“A football player kicks a football to another player of his team who kicks the football
towards the goal. The goalkeeper of the opposite team collects the football and kicks
it towards a player of his own team”.
Also identify the agent supplying the force in each case.
The velocity of the ball changes four times.
As a football player kicks the football, its speed changes from zero to a certain value.
As a result, the velocity of the ball gets changed. In this case, the player applied a force
to change the velocity of the ball. Another player kicks the ball towards the goal post.
As a result, the direction of the ball gets changed. Therefore, its velocity also changes.
In this case, the player applied a force to change the velocity of the ball. The goalkeeper
collects the ball. In other words, the ball comes to rest. Thus, its speed reduces to zero
from a certain value. The velocity of the ball has changed. In this case, the goalkeeper
applied an opposite force to stop/change the velocity of the ball. The goalkeeper kicks
the ball towards his team players. Hence, the speed of the ball increases from zero to
a certain value. Hence, its velocity changes once again. In this case, the goalkeeper
applied a force to change the velocity of the ball.
Question 3:
Explain why some of the leaves may get detached from a tree if we vigorously shake
its branch.
Some leaves of a tree get detached when we shake its branches vigorously. This is
because when the branches of a tree are shaken, it moves to and fro, but its leaves
tend to remain at rest. This is because the inertia of the leaves tend to resist the to
Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
3

and fro motion. Due to this reason, the leaves fall down from the tree when shaken
vigorously.
Question 4:
Why do you fall in the forward direction when a moving bus brakes to a stop and fall
backwards when it accelerates from rest?
Due to the inertia of the passenger
Every body tries to maintain its state of motion or state of rest. If a body is at rest,
then it tries to remain at rest. If a body is moving, then it tries to remain in motion. In
a moving bus, a passenger moves with the bus. As the driver applies brakes, the bus
comes to rest. But, the passenger tries to maintain his state of motion. As a result, a
forward force is exerted on him. Similarly, the passenger tends to fall backwards when
the bus accelerates from rest. This is because when the bus accelerates, the inertia of
the passenger tends to oppose the forward motion of the bus. Hence, the passenger
tends to fall backwards when the bus accelerates forward.

Question 1:
If action is always equal to the reaction, explain how a horse can pull a cart.
Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
4

A horse pushes the ground in the backward direction. According to Newton’s third law
of motion, a reaction force is exerted by the Earth on the horse in the forward direction.
As a result, the cart moves forward.
Question 2:
Explain, why is it difficult for a fireman to hold a hose, which ejects large amounts of
water at a high velocity.
Due to the backward reaction of the water being ejected
When a fireman holds a hose, which is ejecting large amounts of water at a high
velocity, then a reaction force is exerted on him by the ejecting water in the backward
direction. This is because of Newton’s third law of motion. As a result of the backward
force, the stability of the fireman decreases. Hence, it is difficult for him to remain
stable while holding the hose.
Question 3:
From a rifle of mass 4 kg, a bullet of mass 50 g is fired with an initial velocity of 35 m
s
-1
. Calculate the initial recoil velocity of the rifle.

Initially, the rifle is at rest.
Mass  of  the  rifle,
Mass  of  the  bullet,
Recoil  velocity  of the rifle =
Bullet is fired with an initial velocity,

Cbse-spot.blogspot.com
5

Total momentum after the firing = Total momentum before the firing

The negative sign indicates that the rifle recoils backwards with a velocity of 0.4375
m/s.

Question 4:
Two objects of masses 100 g and 200 g are moving along the same line and direction
with velocities of 2 m s
-1
and 1 m s
-1
, respectively. They collide and after the collision,
the first object moves at a velocity of 1.67 m s
-1
. Determine the velocity of the second
object.
Mass of one of the objects, m1 = 100 g = 0.1 kg
Mass of the other object, m2 = 200 g = 0.2 kg
Thus, its initial velocity,  v   =  0
Total initial momentum of the rifle and bullet system
Total momentum of the rifle and bullet system after firing:

According to the law of conservation of momentum:
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