Forest and Wildlife Resources (MCQ With Answers) Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Created by: Gurmehar Gandhi

Class 10 : Forest and Wildlife Resources (MCQ With Answers) Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


CHAPTER 02 - FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES  
Question 1: 
Multiple choice questions 
(i) Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna? 
(a) Agricultural expansion 
(b) Large scale developmental projects 
(c) Grazing and fuel wood collection 
(d) Rapid industrialisation and urbanisation 
(i) (c) Grazing and fuel wood collection 
(ii) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation? 
(a) Joint forest management 
(b) Beej Bachao Andolan 
(c) Chipko Movement 
(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries 
(ii) (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries 
 
 
 
Question 2: 
Match the following animals with their category of existence. 
Animals/Plants Category of existence 
Black buck Extinct 
Asiatic elephant Rare 
Andaman wild pig Endangered 
Himalayan brown bear Vulnerable 
Pink head duck Endemic 
 
Animals/Plants Category of existence 
Black buck Endangered 
Asiatic elephant Vulnerable 
Andaman wild pig Endemic 
Himalayan brown bear Rare 
Pink head duck Extinct 
 
 
Question 3: 
Match the following. 
Reserved 
forests 
other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals 
and communities 
Page 2


CHAPTER 02 - FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES  
Question 1: 
Multiple choice questions 
(i) Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna? 
(a) Agricultural expansion 
(b) Large scale developmental projects 
(c) Grazing and fuel wood collection 
(d) Rapid industrialisation and urbanisation 
(i) (c) Grazing and fuel wood collection 
(ii) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation? 
(a) Joint forest management 
(b) Beej Bachao Andolan 
(c) Chipko Movement 
(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries 
(ii) (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries 
 
 
 
Question 2: 
Match the following animals with their category of existence. 
Animals/Plants Category of existence 
Black buck Extinct 
Asiatic elephant Rare 
Andaman wild pig Endangered 
Himalayan brown bear Vulnerable 
Pink head duck Endemic 
 
Animals/Plants Category of existence 
Black buck Endangered 
Asiatic elephant Vulnerable 
Andaman wild pig Endemic 
Himalayan brown bear Rare 
Pink head duck Extinct 
 
 
Question 3: 
Match the following. 
Reserved 
forests 
other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals 
and communities 
Protected 
forests 
forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and 
wildlife resources 
Unclassed 
forests 
forest lands are protected from any further depletion 
 
Reserved 
forests 
forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and 
wildlife resources 
Protected 
forests 
forest lands are protected from any further depletion 
Unclassed 
forests 
other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals 
and communities 
 
 
Question 4: 
Answer the following questions in about 30 words. 
(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives? 
(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain. 
 
(i) Biodiversity is the variation of wildlife and cultivated species in a given ecosystem. In this 
interconnected web, each organism is a producer, consumer or decomposer. Other organisms, 
including humans, depend for their existence on such roles. 
(ii) Human activities such as poaching, deforestation, the expansion of railways, agriculture, 
commercial and scientific forestry, and mining are to blame for the depletion of flora and fauna. 
 
Question 5: 
Answer the following questions in about 120 words. 
(i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India. 
(ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife. 
 
(i) Indian forests are home to different communities. These communities have a 
complex relationship with their environment. The Mundas and the Santhal of Chhota 
Nagpur region worship Mahua and Kadamba trees; the tribals of Orissa and Bihar 
worship the tamarind and mango trees. Similarly, the Bishnois of Rajasthan hold the 
antelopes in high reverence. For these communities, particular flora and fauna are 
integral to their identity, so they take a number of steps to protect the same. Villagers 
around the Sariska Reserve have opposed mining activities in the region as these 
activities endanger wildlife. Villagers in the Alwar district of Rajasthan have banned 
hunting and lumbering activities in a 1200 hectare area they have marked as 
Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’. Such activities have helped preserve patches of virgin 
forest land. 
(ii) Good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife are plenty. Nowadays, 
many non-governmental organisations are working towards creating public 
awareness for conserving depleting forest cover and vanishing wildlife. Central and 
state governments in India have set up national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to 
protect forests and endangered species in wildlife. A recently developing practice 
towards conservation is the search for different conservation measures. Biodiversity 
is the new by-word of good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife. Various 
Page 3


CHAPTER 02 - FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES  
Question 1: 
Multiple choice questions 
(i) Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna? 
(a) Agricultural expansion 
(b) Large scale developmental projects 
(c) Grazing and fuel wood collection 
(d) Rapid industrialisation and urbanisation 
(i) (c) Grazing and fuel wood collection 
(ii) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation? 
(a) Joint forest management 
(b) Beej Bachao Andolan 
(c) Chipko Movement 
(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries 
(ii) (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries 
 
 
 
Question 2: 
Match the following animals with their category of existence. 
Animals/Plants Category of existence 
Black buck Extinct 
Asiatic elephant Rare 
Andaman wild pig Endangered 
Himalayan brown bear Vulnerable 
Pink head duck Endemic 
 
Animals/Plants Category of existence 
Black buck Endangered 
Asiatic elephant Vulnerable 
Andaman wild pig Endemic 
Himalayan brown bear Rare 
Pink head duck Extinct 
 
 
Question 3: 
Match the following. 
Reserved 
forests 
other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals 
and communities 
Protected 
forests 
forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and 
wildlife resources 
Unclassed 
forests 
forest lands are protected from any further depletion 
 
Reserved 
forests 
forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and 
wildlife resources 
Protected 
forests 
forest lands are protected from any further depletion 
Unclassed 
forests 
other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals 
and communities 
 
 
Question 4: 
Answer the following questions in about 30 words. 
(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives? 
(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain. 
 
(i) Biodiversity is the variation of wildlife and cultivated species in a given ecosystem. In this 
interconnected web, each organism is a producer, consumer or decomposer. Other organisms, 
including humans, depend for their existence on such roles. 
(ii) Human activities such as poaching, deforestation, the expansion of railways, agriculture, 
commercial and scientific forestry, and mining are to blame for the depletion of flora and fauna. 
 
Question 5: 
Answer the following questions in about 120 words. 
(i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India. 
(ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife. 
 
(i) Indian forests are home to different communities. These communities have a 
complex relationship with their environment. The Mundas and the Santhal of Chhota 
Nagpur region worship Mahua and Kadamba trees; the tribals of Orissa and Bihar 
worship the tamarind and mango trees. Similarly, the Bishnois of Rajasthan hold the 
antelopes in high reverence. For these communities, particular flora and fauna are 
integral to their identity, so they take a number of steps to protect the same. Villagers 
around the Sariska Reserve have opposed mining activities in the region as these 
activities endanger wildlife. Villagers in the Alwar district of Rajasthan have banned 
hunting and lumbering activities in a 1200 hectare area they have marked as 
Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’. Such activities have helped preserve patches of virgin 
forest land. 
(ii) Good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife are plenty. Nowadays, 
many non-governmental organisations are working towards creating public 
awareness for conserving depleting forest cover and vanishing wildlife. Central and 
state governments in India have set up national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to 
protect forests and endangered species in wildlife. A recently developing practice 
towards conservation is the search for different conservation measures. Biodiversity 
is the new by-word of good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife. Various 
communities, especially in tribal areas, who are dependent on forests for their living 
are now taking an active role in this form of conservation. 
 
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