Page 1 Graduate Record Examinations ® This book is provided FREE with test registration by the Graduate Record Examinations Board. MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK This practice book contains n one actual full-length GRE Mathematics Test (Rescaled) n test-taking strategies Become familiar with n test structure and content n test instructions and answering procedures Compare your practice test results with the performance of those who took the test at a GRE administration. Visit GRE Online at www.gre.org Page 2 Graduate Record Examinations ® This book is provided FREE with test registration by the Graduate Record Examinations Board. MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK This practice book contains n one actual full-length GRE Mathematics Test (Rescaled) n test-taking strategies Become familiar with n test structure and content n test instructions and answering procedures Compare your practice test results with the performance of those who took the test at a GRE administration. Visit GRE Online at www.gre.org Copyright © 2001 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE, ETS, the ETS logos, GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS, and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service. Note to Test Takers: Keep this practice book until you receive your score report. This book contains important information about content specifications and scoring. This practice book and the interpretive information included in it are appropriate for individuals taking the Mathematics Test (Rescaled) after October 1, 2001. The GRE Mathematics Test will be rescaled effective October 2001 and renamed “Math- ematics Test (Rescaled)”; the content of the test will not change. Although the range of scores for the Mathematics Test (Rescaled) will continue to extend from 200 to 990, scores earned on the test after October 2001 should not be compared to scores earned earlier. The primary reason for rescaling the Mathematics Test is to make the test scores more useful for admissions committees and other score users by spreading out high- ability examinees on the score scale. The scores of the Mathematics Test population have increased substantially since the test was first scaled in 1952, and an increasingly large percentage of individuals each year have been earning 990, the highest possible score on the scale. Based on recent interpretive data (individuals who were tested between October 1996 and October 1999), 18 percent of the examinees received 990 on the test (in other words, the percentage of test takers scoring below 990 was 82). The scale of the new Mathematics Test (Rescaled) will enable admissions committees and other score users to distinguish among high- scoring examinees, something the former scale was no longer able to do. Page 3 Graduate Record Examinations ® This book is provided FREE with test registration by the Graduate Record Examinations Board. MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK This practice book contains n one actual full-length GRE Mathematics Test (Rescaled) n test-taking strategies Become familiar with n test structure and content n test instructions and answering procedures Compare your practice test results with the performance of those who took the test at a GRE administration. Visit GRE Online at www.gre.org Copyright © 2001 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE, ETS, the ETS logos, GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS, and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service. Note to Test Takers: Keep this practice book until you receive your score report. This book contains important information about content specifications and scoring. This practice book and the interpretive information included in it are appropriate for individuals taking the Mathematics Test (Rescaled) after October 1, 2001. The GRE Mathematics Test will be rescaled effective October 2001 and renamed “Math- ematics Test (Rescaled)”; the content of the test will not change. Although the range of scores for the Mathematics Test (Rescaled) will continue to extend from 200 to 990, scores earned on the test after October 2001 should not be compared to scores earned earlier. The primary reason for rescaling the Mathematics Test is to make the test scores more useful for admissions committees and other score users by spreading out high- ability examinees on the score scale. The scores of the Mathematics Test population have increased substantially since the test was first scaled in 1952, and an increasingly large percentage of individuals each year have been earning 990, the highest possible score on the scale. Based on recent interpretive data (individuals who were tested between October 1996 and October 1999), 18 percent of the examinees received 990 on the test (in other words, the percentage of test takers scoring below 990 was 82). The scale of the new Mathematics Test (Rescaled) will enable admissions committees and other score users to distinguish among high- scoring examinees, something the former scale was no longer able to do. 3 MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK Purpose of the GRE Subject Tests The GRE Subject Tests are designed to help graduate school admission committees and fellowship sponsors assess the qualifications of applicants in specific fields of study. The tests also provide you with an assessment of your own qualifications. Scores on the tests are intended to indicate knowl- edge of the subject matter emphasized in many under- graduate programs as preparation for graduate study. Because past achievement is usually a good indicator of future performance, the scores are helpful in predicting success in graduate study. Because the tests are stan- dardized, the test scores permit comparison of students from different institutions with different undergraduate programs. For some Subject Tests, subscores are pro- vided in addition to the total score; these subscores indicate the strengths and weaknesses of your prepara- tion, and they may help you plan future studies. The GRE Board recommends that scores on the Subject Tests be considered in conjunction with other relevant information about applicants. Because numer- ous factors influence success in graduate school, reliance on a single measure to predict success is not advisable. Other indicators of competence typically include undergraduate transcripts showing courses taken and grades earned, letters of recommendation, the GRE Writing Assessment score, and GRE General Test scores. For information about the appropriate use of GRE scores, write to GRE Program, Educational Testing Service, Mail Stop 57-L, Princeton, NJ 08541, or visit our Web site at www.gre.org/codelst.html. Development of the Subject Tests Each new edition of a Subject Test is developed by a committee of examiners composed of professors in the subject who are on undergraduate and graduate facul- ties in different types of institutions and in different regions of the United States and Canada. In selecting members for each committee, the GRE Program seeks the advice of the appropriate professional associations in the subject. The content and scope of each test are specified and reviewed periodically by the committee of exam- iners. Test questions are written by the committee and by other faculty who are also subject-matter specialists and by subject-matter specialists at ETS. All questions proposed for the test are reviewed by the committee and revised as necessary. The accepted questions are assembled into a test in accordance with the content specifications developed by the committee to ensure adequate coverage of the various aspects of the field and, at the same time, to prevent overemphasis on any single topic. The entire test is then reviewed and approved by the committee. Table of Contents Purpose of the GRE Subject Tests........................ 3 Development of the Subject Tests ....................... 3 Content of the Mathematics Test (Rescaled)...... 4 Preparing for a Subject Test ................................. 5 Test-Taking Strategies .......................................... 5 What Your Scores Mean ...................................... 6 Practice Mathematics Test (Rescaled) ................. 9 Scoring Your Subject Test .................................. 55 Evaluating Your Performance ............................. 58 Answer Sheet ..................................................... 59 Page 4 Graduate Record Examinations ® This book is provided FREE with test registration by the Graduate Record Examinations Board. MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK This practice book contains n one actual full-length GRE Mathematics Test (Rescaled) n test-taking strategies Become familiar with n test structure and content n test instructions and answering procedures Compare your practice test results with the performance of those who took the test at a GRE administration. Visit GRE Online at www.gre.org Copyright © 2001 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE, ETS, the ETS logos, GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS, and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service. Note to Test Takers: Keep this practice book until you receive your score report. This book contains important information about content specifications and scoring. This practice book and the interpretive information included in it are appropriate for individuals taking the Mathematics Test (Rescaled) after October 1, 2001. The GRE Mathematics Test will be rescaled effective October 2001 and renamed “Math- ematics Test (Rescaled)”; the content of the test will not change. Although the range of scores for the Mathematics Test (Rescaled) will continue to extend from 200 to 990, scores earned on the test after October 2001 should not be compared to scores earned earlier. The primary reason for rescaling the Mathematics Test is to make the test scores more useful for admissions committees and other score users by spreading out high- ability examinees on the score scale. The scores of the Mathematics Test population have increased substantially since the test was first scaled in 1952, and an increasingly large percentage of individuals each year have been earning 990, the highest possible score on the scale. Based on recent interpretive data (individuals who were tested between October 1996 and October 1999), 18 percent of the examinees received 990 on the test (in other words, the percentage of test takers scoring below 990 was 82). The scale of the new Mathematics Test (Rescaled) will enable admissions committees and other score users to distinguish among high- scoring examinees, something the former scale was no longer able to do. 3 MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK Purpose of the GRE Subject Tests The GRE Subject Tests are designed to help graduate school admission committees and fellowship sponsors assess the qualifications of applicants in specific fields of study. The tests also provide you with an assessment of your own qualifications. Scores on the tests are intended to indicate knowl- edge of the subject matter emphasized in many under- graduate programs as preparation for graduate study. Because past achievement is usually a good indicator of future performance, the scores are helpful in predicting success in graduate study. Because the tests are stan- dardized, the test scores permit comparison of students from different institutions with different undergraduate programs. For some Subject Tests, subscores are pro- vided in addition to the total score; these subscores indicate the strengths and weaknesses of your prepara- tion, and they may help you plan future studies. The GRE Board recommends that scores on the Subject Tests be considered in conjunction with other relevant information about applicants. Because numer- ous factors influence success in graduate school, reliance on a single measure to predict success is not advisable. Other indicators of competence typically include undergraduate transcripts showing courses taken and grades earned, letters of recommendation, the GRE Writing Assessment score, and GRE General Test scores. For information about the appropriate use of GRE scores, write to GRE Program, Educational Testing Service, Mail Stop 57-L, Princeton, NJ 08541, or visit our Web site at www.gre.org/codelst.html. Development of the Subject Tests Each new edition of a Subject Test is developed by a committee of examiners composed of professors in the subject who are on undergraduate and graduate facul- ties in different types of institutions and in different regions of the United States and Canada. In selecting members for each committee, the GRE Program seeks the advice of the appropriate professional associations in the subject. The content and scope of each test are specified and reviewed periodically by the committee of exam- iners. Test questions are written by the committee and by other faculty who are also subject-matter specialists and by subject-matter specialists at ETS. All questions proposed for the test are reviewed by the committee and revised as necessary. The accepted questions are assembled into a test in accordance with the content specifications developed by the committee to ensure adequate coverage of the various aspects of the field and, at the same time, to prevent overemphasis on any single topic. The entire test is then reviewed and approved by the committee. Table of Contents Purpose of the GRE Subject Tests........................ 3 Development of the Subject Tests ....................... 3 Content of the Mathematics Test (Rescaled)...... 4 Preparing for a Subject Test ................................. 5 Test-Taking Strategies .......................................... 5 What Your Scores Mean ...................................... 6 Practice Mathematics Test (Rescaled) ................. 9 Scoring Your Subject Test .................................. 55 Evaluating Your Performance ............................. 58 Answer Sheet ..................................................... 59 4 MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK Subject-matter and measurement specialists on the ETS staff assist the committee, providing information and advice about methods of test construction and helping to prepare the questions and assemble the test. In addition, each test question is reviewed to eliminate language, symbols, or content considered potentially offensive, inappropriate for major subgroups of the test- taking population, or likely to perpetuate any negative attitude that may be conveyed to these subgroups. The test as a whole is also reviewed to ensure that the test questions, where applicable, include an appropriate balance of people in different groups and different roles. Because of the diversity of undergraduate curricula, it is not possible for a single test to cover all the material you may have studied. The examiners, there- fore, select questions that test the basic knowledge and skills most important for successful graduate study in the particular field. The committee keeps the test up-to-date by regularly developing new editions and revising existing editions. In this way, the test content changes steadily but gradually, much like most cur- ricula. In addition, curriculum surveys are conducted periodically to ensure that the content of a test reflects what is currently being taught in the under- graduate curriculum. After a new edition of a Subject Test is first admin- istered, examinees’ responses to each test question are analyzed in a variety of ways to determine whether each question functioned as expected. These analyses may reveal that a question is ambiguous, requires knowledge beyond the scope of the test, or is inappro- priate for the total group or a particular subgroup of examinees taking the test. Answers to such questions are not used in computing scores. Following this analysis, the new test edition is equated to an existing test edition. In the equating process, statistical methods are used to assess the difficulty of the new test. Then scores are adjusted so that examinees who took a difficult edition of the test are not penalized, and examinees who took an easier edition of the test do not have an advantage. Varia- tions in the number of questions in the different editions of the test are also taken into account in this process. Scores on the Subject Tests are reported as three- digit scaled scores with the third digit always zero. The maximum possible range for all Subject Test total scores is from 200 to 990. The actual range of scores for a particular Subject Test, however, may be smaller. The maximum possible range of Subject Test subscores is 20 to 99; however, the actual range of subscores for any test or test edition may be smaller. Subject Test score interpretive information is provided in Interpret- ing Your GRE Scores, which you will receive with your GRE score report, and on the GRE Web site at www.gre.org/codelst.html. Content of the Mathematics Test (Rescaled) The test consists of 66 multiple-choice questions, drawn from courses commonly offered at the under- graduate level. Although the Mathematics Test has been rescaled, the content of the test has not changed. Approximately 50 percent of the questions involve calculus and its applications —subject matter that can be assumed to be common to the backgrounds of almost all mathematics majors. About 25 percent of the questions in the test are in elementary algebra, linear algebra, abstract algebra, and number theory. The remaining questions deal with other areas of mathematics currently studied by undergraduates in many institutions. The following content descriptions may assist students in preparing for the test. The percentages given are estimates; actual percentages will vary somewhat from one edition of the test to another. Calculus — 50% Material learned in the usual sequence of elementary calculus courses — differential and integral calculus of one and of several variables — including calculus- based applications and connections with coordinate geometry, trigonometry, differential equations, and other branches of mathematics Algebra — 25% Elementary algebra: basic algebraic techniques and manipulations acquired in high school and used throughout mathematics Page 5 Graduate Record Examinations ® This book is provided FREE with test registration by the Graduate Record Examinations Board. MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK This practice book contains n one actual full-length GRE Mathematics Test (Rescaled) n test-taking strategies Become familiar with n test structure and content n test instructions and answering procedures Compare your practice test results with the performance of those who took the test at a GRE administration. Visit GRE Online at www.gre.org Copyright © 2001 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE, ETS, the ETS logos, GRADUATE RECORD EXAMINATIONS, and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service. Note to Test Takers: Keep this practice book until you receive your score report. This book contains important information about content specifications and scoring. This practice book and the interpretive information included in it are appropriate for individuals taking the Mathematics Test (Rescaled) after October 1, 2001. The GRE Mathematics Test will be rescaled effective October 2001 and renamed “Math- ematics Test (Rescaled)”; the content of the test will not change. Although the range of scores for the Mathematics Test (Rescaled) will continue to extend from 200 to 990, scores earned on the test after October 2001 should not be compared to scores earned earlier. The primary reason for rescaling the Mathematics Test is to make the test scores more useful for admissions committees and other score users by spreading out high- ability examinees on the score scale. The scores of the Mathematics Test population have increased substantially since the test was first scaled in 1952, and an increasingly large percentage of individuals each year have been earning 990, the highest possible score on the scale. Based on recent interpretive data (individuals who were tested between October 1996 and October 1999), 18 percent of the examinees received 990 on the test (in other words, the percentage of test takers scoring below 990 was 82). The scale of the new Mathematics Test (Rescaled) will enable admissions committees and other score users to distinguish among high- scoring examinees, something the former scale was no longer able to do. 3 MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK Purpose of the GRE Subject Tests The GRE Subject Tests are designed to help graduate school admission committees and fellowship sponsors assess the qualifications of applicants in specific fields of study. The tests also provide you with an assessment of your own qualifications. Scores on the tests are intended to indicate knowl- edge of the subject matter emphasized in many under- graduate programs as preparation for graduate study. Because past achievement is usually a good indicator of future performance, the scores are helpful in predicting success in graduate study. Because the tests are stan- dardized, the test scores permit comparison of students from different institutions with different undergraduate programs. For some Subject Tests, subscores are pro- vided in addition to the total score; these subscores indicate the strengths and weaknesses of your prepara- tion, and they may help you plan future studies. The GRE Board recommends that scores on the Subject Tests be considered in conjunction with other relevant information about applicants. Because numer- ous factors influence success in graduate school, reliance on a single measure to predict success is not advisable. Other indicators of competence typically include undergraduate transcripts showing courses taken and grades earned, letters of recommendation, the GRE Writing Assessment score, and GRE General Test scores. For information about the appropriate use of GRE scores, write to GRE Program, Educational Testing Service, Mail Stop 57-L, Princeton, NJ 08541, or visit our Web site at www.gre.org/codelst.html. Development of the Subject Tests Each new edition of a Subject Test is developed by a committee of examiners composed of professors in the subject who are on undergraduate and graduate facul- ties in different types of institutions and in different regions of the United States and Canada. In selecting members for each committee, the GRE Program seeks the advice of the appropriate professional associations in the subject. The content and scope of each test are specified and reviewed periodically by the committee of exam- iners. Test questions are written by the committee and by other faculty who are also subject-matter specialists and by subject-matter specialists at ETS. All questions proposed for the test are reviewed by the committee and revised as necessary. The accepted questions are assembled into a test in accordance with the content specifications developed by the committee to ensure adequate coverage of the various aspects of the field and, at the same time, to prevent overemphasis on any single topic. The entire test is then reviewed and approved by the committee. Table of Contents Purpose of the GRE Subject Tests........................ 3 Development of the Subject Tests ....................... 3 Content of the Mathematics Test (Rescaled)...... 4 Preparing for a Subject Test ................................. 5 Test-Taking Strategies .......................................... 5 What Your Scores Mean ...................................... 6 Practice Mathematics Test (Rescaled) ................. 9 Scoring Your Subject Test .................................. 55 Evaluating Your Performance ............................. 58 Answer Sheet ..................................................... 59 4 MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK Subject-matter and measurement specialists on the ETS staff assist the committee, providing information and advice about methods of test construction and helping to prepare the questions and assemble the test. In addition, each test question is reviewed to eliminate language, symbols, or content considered potentially offensive, inappropriate for major subgroups of the test- taking population, or likely to perpetuate any negative attitude that may be conveyed to these subgroups. The test as a whole is also reviewed to ensure that the test questions, where applicable, include an appropriate balance of people in different groups and different roles. Because of the diversity of undergraduate curricula, it is not possible for a single test to cover all the material you may have studied. The examiners, there- fore, select questions that test the basic knowledge and skills most important for successful graduate study in the particular field. The committee keeps the test up-to-date by regularly developing new editions and revising existing editions. In this way, the test content changes steadily but gradually, much like most cur- ricula. In addition, curriculum surveys are conducted periodically to ensure that the content of a test reflects what is currently being taught in the under- graduate curriculum. After a new edition of a Subject Test is first admin- istered, examinees’ responses to each test question are analyzed in a variety of ways to determine whether each question functioned as expected. These analyses may reveal that a question is ambiguous, requires knowledge beyond the scope of the test, or is inappro- priate for the total group or a particular subgroup of examinees taking the test. Answers to such questions are not used in computing scores. Following this analysis, the new test edition is equated to an existing test edition. In the equating process, statistical methods are used to assess the difficulty of the new test. Then scores are adjusted so that examinees who took a difficult edition of the test are not penalized, and examinees who took an easier edition of the test do not have an advantage. Varia- tions in the number of questions in the different editions of the test are also taken into account in this process. Scores on the Subject Tests are reported as three- digit scaled scores with the third digit always zero. The maximum possible range for all Subject Test total scores is from 200 to 990. The actual range of scores for a particular Subject Test, however, may be smaller. The maximum possible range of Subject Test subscores is 20 to 99; however, the actual range of subscores for any test or test edition may be smaller. Subject Test score interpretive information is provided in Interpret- ing Your GRE Scores, which you will receive with your GRE score report, and on the GRE Web site at www.gre.org/codelst.html. Content of the Mathematics Test (Rescaled) The test consists of 66 multiple-choice questions, drawn from courses commonly offered at the under- graduate level. Although the Mathematics Test has been rescaled, the content of the test has not changed. Approximately 50 percent of the questions involve calculus and its applications —subject matter that can be assumed to be common to the backgrounds of almost all mathematics majors. About 25 percent of the questions in the test are in elementary algebra, linear algebra, abstract algebra, and number theory. The remaining questions deal with other areas of mathematics currently studied by undergraduates in many institutions. The following content descriptions may assist students in preparing for the test. The percentages given are estimates; actual percentages will vary somewhat from one edition of the test to another. Calculus — 50% Material learned in the usual sequence of elementary calculus courses — differential and integral calculus of one and of several variables — including calculus- based applications and connections with coordinate geometry, trigonometry, differential equations, and other branches of mathematics Algebra — 25% Elementary algebra: basic algebraic techniques and manipulations acquired in high school and used throughout mathematics 5 MATHEMATICS TEST (RESCALED) PRACTICE BOOK Linear algebra: matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, vector spaces, linear transformations, char- acteristic polynomials, eigenvalues and eigenvectors Abstract algebra and number theory: elementary topics from group theory, the theory of rings and modules, field theory, and number theory Additional Topics — 25% Introductory real analysis: sequences and series of numbers and functions, continuity, differentiability and integrability, elementary topology of R and R n Discrete mathematics: logic, set theory, combina- torics, graph theory, and algorithms Other topics: general topology, geometry, complex variables, probability and statistics, and numerical analysis The above descriptions of topics covered in the test should not be considered exhaustive; it is necessary to understand many other related concepts. Prospective test takers should be aware that questions requiring no more than a good precalculus background may be quite challenging; some of these questions turn out to be among the most difficult questions on the test. In general, the questions are intended not only to test recall of information, but also to assess the test taker’s understanding of fundamental concepts and the ability to apply these concepts in various situations. Preparing for a Subject Test GRE Subject Test questions are designed to measure skills and knowledge gained over a long period of time. Although you might increase your scores to some extent through preparation a few weeks or months before you take the test, last minute cramming is unlikely to be of further help. The following information may be helpful. n A general review of your college courses is probably the best preparation for the test. How- ever, the test covers a broad range of subject matter, and no one is expected to be familiar with the content of every question. n Use this practice book to become familiar with the types of questions in the GRE Mathematics Test (Rescaled), paying special attention to the directions. If you thoroughly understand the directions before you take the test, you will have more time during the test to focus on the questions themselves. Test-Taking Strategies The questions in the practice test in this book illus- trate the types of multiple-choice questions in the test. When you take the test, you will mark your answers on a separate machine-scorable answer sheet. Total testing time is two hours and fifty minutes; there are no separately timed sections. Following are some general test-taking strategies you may want to consider. n Read the test directions carefully, and work as rapidly as you can without being careless. For each question, choose the best answer from the available options. n All questions are of equal value; do not waste time pondering individual questions you find extremely difficult or unfamiliar. n You may want to work through the test quite rapidly, first answering only the questions about which you feel confident, then going back and answering questions that require more thought, and concluding with the most difficult questions if there is time. n If you decide to change an answer, make sure you completely erase it and fill in the oval corresponding to your desired answer. n Questions for which you mark no answer or more than one answer are not counted in scoring. n As a correction for haphazard guessing, one- fourth of the number of questions you answer incorrectly is subtracted from the number of questions you answer correctly. It is improbable that mere guessing will improve your score significantly; it may even lower your score. If, however, you are not certain of the correct answer but have some knowledge of the question and are able to eliminate one or more of the answer choices, your chance of getting the right answer is improved, and it may be to your advan- tage to answer the question.Read More

Offer running on EduRev: __Apply code STAYHOME200__ to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!