1. Equator: It is an imaginary line that divides the earth into two equal hemisphere-Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere.
2. Prime Meridian: It is the main meridian that passes through Greenwich, near London. It is the meridian from which longitude is measured.
3. Latitude: It is the distance of a place from the equator in the northern or the southern direction.
4. Longitude: It is the distance of the place from the Prime Meridian in the eastern or the western direction. Fig: Latitudinal and longitudinal view
5. Subcontinent: A big geographical unit that stands out distinctly from the rest of the continent.
6. Tropic of Cancer: An imaginary line that runs parallel to the equator in the northern hemisphere of 23½ N Latitude.
7. Standard Meridian of India: The meridian of 82º30’ E whose local time serves as the standard time for the whole country.
8. Local Time: Time of a place determined by the midday sun.
9. Standard Time: The local time is taken as the time for the whole country.
10. Indian Union: Federation of India comprised of 28 states and 7 Union Territories.
11. Indian mainland: The stretch of continuous landmass extending from Jammu and Kashmir to Kanyakumari and from Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh.
12. Peninsula: A landmass bounded by the sea on three sides.
|1. What is the size of India and where is it located?|
|2. What are the major geographical features of India?|
|3. What is the climate of India like?|
|4. What is the population of India?|
|5. What is the significance of India's location in South Asia?|