Government Schemes in News: September 2021 Current Affairs Notes | Study Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - UPSC

UPSC: Government Schemes in News: September 2021 Current Affairs Notes | Study Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - UPSC

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 Page 1


 
102                                                                                                                                                                       
10. GOVERNMENT SCHEMES IN NEWS 
10.1. NATIONAL SCHEME FOR PM POSHAN SHAKTI NIRMAN 
Why in news?  
The existing Mid-Day Meal scheme, which provides hot meals to students, will be renamed as the National Scheme for 
PM Poshan Shakti Nirman or PM POSHAN scheme 
Objective  Salient Features  
• Ensure holistic nutrition for 
students of government and 
government-aided schools 
across India. 
o Under the previous 
scheme, the focus was 
on providing a meal to 
students but now, under 
PM POSHAN, the focus is 
to ensure the nutritional 
aspects as well. 
• To tackle malnutrition and 
provide cooked meal to 
children. 
• PM POSHAN, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, has been launched for a period of five 
years, from 2021-22 to 2025-26, with a budget of Rs 1,30,794.90 crore.  
o The Centre bears the entire cost of food grains and their transportation, 
management, monitoring and evaluation under the scheme, components such as 
cooking costs, payments to cooks and workers are split in a 60:40 ratio with states. 
• Coverage   
o It will benefit 11.80 crore children studying in 11.20 lakh schools across the 
country.  
o Under the scheme, midday meals have been extended to children of Balvatika in 
addition to children studying in classes 1 to 8 in government and government-
aided schools in the country.  
? Around, 24 lakh more children in pre-primary classes, currently covered under 
the ICDS, will also be brought in.  
? Last year, the government had opened pre-schools called Balvatikas 
attached to Angandwadis. 
? The extension of mid-day meals to pre-primary students, who are to be 
incorporated into the formal education system, was a key recommendation of 
the National Education Policy 2020 
• Vocal for Local for Atmanirbhar Bharat 
o To support Vocal4Local and fulfill the objectives of the Atmanirbhar Bharat 
initiative, PM POSHAN will involve Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO) and 
Women Self Help Groups in the implementation of the scheme.  
• Social Audit 
o Social audits will be made mandatory for each school in every district to oversee 
and check implementation of the scheme. 
o It would engage university and college students to monitor implementation of the 
scheme through field visits.  
• Supplementary Nutrition 
o The focus is to ensure the nutritional aspects as well. States or districts having high 
prevalence of anemia can include any supplementary item.  
o Similarly, if states want to include their local vegetable or any other nutritional 
food or anything else such as milk or fruit, they can do so with the Centre’s 
approval. However, it should fall within the allocated budget.  
• Nutritional Garden 
o It will promote the development of nutrition gardens in schools.  
o The harvest of these gardens will be used to provide additional micro-nutrients to 
students.  
o Schools will also be encouraged to organize cooking competitions to promote ethnic 
cuisine and innovative menus based on locally available ingredients and vegetables. 
• Tithi Bhojan 
o It has also included the concept of ‘Tithi Bhojan’ wherein students from private 
schools will be encouraged to share their meals with children from marginalized 
sections at least once in a month on a voluntary basis.  
o States will also be asked to organize community programmes in which people 
provide special food to children. 
Page 2


 
102                                                                                                                                                                       
10. GOVERNMENT SCHEMES IN NEWS 
10.1. NATIONAL SCHEME FOR PM POSHAN SHAKTI NIRMAN 
Why in news?  
The existing Mid-Day Meal scheme, which provides hot meals to students, will be renamed as the National Scheme for 
PM Poshan Shakti Nirman or PM POSHAN scheme 
Objective  Salient Features  
• Ensure holistic nutrition for 
students of government and 
government-aided schools 
across India. 
o Under the previous 
scheme, the focus was 
on providing a meal to 
students but now, under 
PM POSHAN, the focus is 
to ensure the nutritional 
aspects as well. 
• To tackle malnutrition and 
provide cooked meal to 
children. 
• PM POSHAN, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, has been launched for a period of five 
years, from 2021-22 to 2025-26, with a budget of Rs 1,30,794.90 crore.  
o The Centre bears the entire cost of food grains and their transportation, 
management, monitoring and evaluation under the scheme, components such as 
cooking costs, payments to cooks and workers are split in a 60:40 ratio with states. 
• Coverage   
o It will benefit 11.80 crore children studying in 11.20 lakh schools across the 
country.  
o Under the scheme, midday meals have been extended to children of Balvatika in 
addition to children studying in classes 1 to 8 in government and government-
aided schools in the country.  
? Around, 24 lakh more children in pre-primary classes, currently covered under 
the ICDS, will also be brought in.  
? Last year, the government had opened pre-schools called Balvatikas 
attached to Angandwadis. 
? The extension of mid-day meals to pre-primary students, who are to be 
incorporated into the formal education system, was a key recommendation of 
the National Education Policy 2020 
• Vocal for Local for Atmanirbhar Bharat 
o To support Vocal4Local and fulfill the objectives of the Atmanirbhar Bharat 
initiative, PM POSHAN will involve Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO) and 
Women Self Help Groups in the implementation of the scheme.  
• Social Audit 
o Social audits will be made mandatory for each school in every district to oversee 
and check implementation of the scheme. 
o It would engage university and college students to monitor implementation of the 
scheme through field visits.  
• Supplementary Nutrition 
o The focus is to ensure the nutritional aspects as well. States or districts having high 
prevalence of anemia can include any supplementary item.  
o Similarly, if states want to include their local vegetable or any other nutritional 
food or anything else such as milk or fruit, they can do so with the Centre’s 
approval. However, it should fall within the allocated budget.  
• Nutritional Garden 
o It will promote the development of nutrition gardens in schools.  
o The harvest of these gardens will be used to provide additional micro-nutrients to 
students.  
o Schools will also be encouraged to organize cooking competitions to promote ethnic 
cuisine and innovative menus based on locally available ingredients and vegetables. 
• Tithi Bhojan 
o It has also included the concept of ‘Tithi Bhojan’ wherein students from private 
schools will be encouraged to share their meals with children from marginalized 
sections at least once in a month on a voluntary basis.  
o States will also be asked to organize community programmes in which people 
provide special food to children. 
 
103                                                                                                                                                                       
10.2. PRADHAN MANTRI UJJWALA YOJANA  
Why in news? 
Recently, government announced that under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, migrant workers can avail a free cooking 
gas connection on the basis of a self-declaration without any need for documents like address proof. 
Objectives Salient Features  
• Launched in 
2016 to 
provide free 
LPG 
connections 
to women 
from BPL 
households 
(scope 
extended 
now to cover 
all the poor 
households of 
the country).  
• To provide 
clean fuel to 
women. 
• To prevent 
health 
related issues 
among the 
millions of 
rural 
populations 
due to use of 
fossil fuel.  
• To promote 
women 
empowerme
nt.  
• It is under Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.  
• Earlier, the target under the scheme was to release 8 Crore LPG Connections to the deprived 
households by March 2020. 
o Under the Union Budget for FY 21-22, provision for release of additional 1 Crore LPG connections 
under the PMUY scheme has been made.  
• Ujjwala 2.0 will provide first refill and stove free of cost to the beneficiaries. 
• PMUY connection can be released in the name of adult female member of the Poor household only, 
subject to the condition that no LPG connection exists in the name of any family member of the 
household. 
• In this phase, special facility has been given to migrant families.  
o In case a family member with her wife moved to other town where he is employed, PMUY 
connection can be released at new place of migration subject to the KYC meeting the eligibility 
criteria of UJJWALA 2.0. 
o The connection will be released in the name of the female adult member only. 
• The women applicant should have a saving bank account in any nationalized bank across the country 
to receive subsidy amount. 
• It is mandatory to collect Aadhar for all adult family members as per the age in ration card. 
• Applicant can choose between 14.2 kg single cylinder or 5 kg Single Cylinder or 5 Kg Double cylinder 
connection. 
 
Page 3


 
102                                                                                                                                                                       
10. GOVERNMENT SCHEMES IN NEWS 
10.1. NATIONAL SCHEME FOR PM POSHAN SHAKTI NIRMAN 
Why in news?  
The existing Mid-Day Meal scheme, which provides hot meals to students, will be renamed as the National Scheme for 
PM Poshan Shakti Nirman or PM POSHAN scheme 
Objective  Salient Features  
• Ensure holistic nutrition for 
students of government and 
government-aided schools 
across India. 
o Under the previous 
scheme, the focus was 
on providing a meal to 
students but now, under 
PM POSHAN, the focus is 
to ensure the nutritional 
aspects as well. 
• To tackle malnutrition and 
provide cooked meal to 
children. 
• PM POSHAN, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, has been launched for a period of five 
years, from 2021-22 to 2025-26, with a budget of Rs 1,30,794.90 crore.  
o The Centre bears the entire cost of food grains and their transportation, 
management, monitoring and evaluation under the scheme, components such as 
cooking costs, payments to cooks and workers are split in a 60:40 ratio with states. 
• Coverage   
o It will benefit 11.80 crore children studying in 11.20 lakh schools across the 
country.  
o Under the scheme, midday meals have been extended to children of Balvatika in 
addition to children studying in classes 1 to 8 in government and government-
aided schools in the country.  
? Around, 24 lakh more children in pre-primary classes, currently covered under 
the ICDS, will also be brought in.  
? Last year, the government had opened pre-schools called Balvatikas 
attached to Angandwadis. 
? The extension of mid-day meals to pre-primary students, who are to be 
incorporated into the formal education system, was a key recommendation of 
the National Education Policy 2020 
• Vocal for Local for Atmanirbhar Bharat 
o To support Vocal4Local and fulfill the objectives of the Atmanirbhar Bharat 
initiative, PM POSHAN will involve Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO) and 
Women Self Help Groups in the implementation of the scheme.  
• Social Audit 
o Social audits will be made mandatory for each school in every district to oversee 
and check implementation of the scheme. 
o It would engage university and college students to monitor implementation of the 
scheme through field visits.  
• Supplementary Nutrition 
o The focus is to ensure the nutritional aspects as well. States or districts having high 
prevalence of anemia can include any supplementary item.  
o Similarly, if states want to include their local vegetable or any other nutritional 
food or anything else such as milk or fruit, they can do so with the Centre’s 
approval. However, it should fall within the allocated budget.  
• Nutritional Garden 
o It will promote the development of nutrition gardens in schools.  
o The harvest of these gardens will be used to provide additional micro-nutrients to 
students.  
o Schools will also be encouraged to organize cooking competitions to promote ethnic 
cuisine and innovative menus based on locally available ingredients and vegetables. 
• Tithi Bhojan 
o It has also included the concept of ‘Tithi Bhojan’ wherein students from private 
schools will be encouraged to share their meals with children from marginalized 
sections at least once in a month on a voluntary basis.  
o States will also be asked to organize community programmes in which people 
provide special food to children. 
 
103                                                                                                                                                                       
10.2. PRADHAN MANTRI UJJWALA YOJANA  
Why in news? 
Recently, government announced that under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, migrant workers can avail a free cooking 
gas connection on the basis of a self-declaration without any need for documents like address proof. 
Objectives Salient Features  
• Launched in 
2016 to 
provide free 
LPG 
connections 
to women 
from BPL 
households 
(scope 
extended 
now to cover 
all the poor 
households of 
the country).  
• To provide 
clean fuel to 
women. 
• To prevent 
health 
related issues 
among the 
millions of 
rural 
populations 
due to use of 
fossil fuel.  
• To promote 
women 
empowerme
nt.  
• It is under Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.  
• Earlier, the target under the scheme was to release 8 Crore LPG Connections to the deprived 
households by March 2020. 
o Under the Union Budget for FY 21-22, provision for release of additional 1 Crore LPG connections 
under the PMUY scheme has been made.  
• Ujjwala 2.0 will provide first refill and stove free of cost to the beneficiaries. 
• PMUY connection can be released in the name of adult female member of the Poor household only, 
subject to the condition that no LPG connection exists in the name of any family member of the 
household. 
• In this phase, special facility has been given to migrant families.  
o In case a family member with her wife moved to other town where he is employed, PMUY 
connection can be released at new place of migration subject to the KYC meeting the eligibility 
criteria of UJJWALA 2.0. 
o The connection will be released in the name of the female adult member only. 
• The women applicant should have a saving bank account in any nationalized bank across the country 
to receive subsidy amount. 
• It is mandatory to collect Aadhar for all adult family members as per the age in ration card. 
• Applicant can choose between 14.2 kg single cylinder or 5 kg Single Cylinder or 5 Kg Double cylinder 
connection. 
 
 
104                                                                                                                                                                       
10.3. ATAL PENSION YOJANA  
Why in news?  
According to annual report of the National Pension Systems Trust (NPS Trust), out of 4.2 crore National Pension System 
(NPS) subscribers, over 66% or 2.8 crore opted for the Atal Pension Yojana at the end of 2020-21. 
 
 
 
Objective Salient Features  
• The 
subscribers 
would receive 
the fixed 
minimum 
pension at the 
age of 60 
years, 
depending on 
their 
contributions.  
 
• It is administered by Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority through National Pension 
System (NPS).    
• Any Citizen of India can join APY scheme. The following are the eligibility criteria,  
o The age of the subscriber should be between 18 - 40 years. 
o He / She should have a savings bank account.  
• The minimum period of contribution by any subscriber under APY is 20 years.  
• Subscribers can make contributions to APY on monthly/ quarterly / half-yearly basis. 
o The contribution levels would vary and would be low if subscriber joins early and increase if it joins 
late.  
o In case of premature death of subscriber (death before 60 years of age), spouse of the subscriber 
can continue contribution to APY account of the subscriber, for the remaining vesting period, till 
the original subscriber would have attained the age of 60 years.  
• Subscribers would receive the guaranteed minimum monthly pension of Rs. 1000 or Rs. 2000 or Rs. 
3000 or Rs. 4000 or Rs. 5000 at the age of 60 years.  
o The same pension is payable to Spouse after death of Subscriber. 
o Return of indicative pension wealth to nominees after death of spouse. 
• Contributions to the Atal Pension Yojana (APY) are eligible for tax benefits similar to the National 
Pension System (NPS).  
o The tax benefits include the additional deduction of Rs 50,000 under section 80CCD (1). 
Page 4


 
102                                                                                                                                                                       
10. GOVERNMENT SCHEMES IN NEWS 
10.1. NATIONAL SCHEME FOR PM POSHAN SHAKTI NIRMAN 
Why in news?  
The existing Mid-Day Meal scheme, which provides hot meals to students, will be renamed as the National Scheme for 
PM Poshan Shakti Nirman or PM POSHAN scheme 
Objective  Salient Features  
• Ensure holistic nutrition for 
students of government and 
government-aided schools 
across India. 
o Under the previous 
scheme, the focus was 
on providing a meal to 
students but now, under 
PM POSHAN, the focus is 
to ensure the nutritional 
aspects as well. 
• To tackle malnutrition and 
provide cooked meal to 
children. 
• PM POSHAN, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, has been launched for a period of five 
years, from 2021-22 to 2025-26, with a budget of Rs 1,30,794.90 crore.  
o The Centre bears the entire cost of food grains and their transportation, 
management, monitoring and evaluation under the scheme, components such as 
cooking costs, payments to cooks and workers are split in a 60:40 ratio with states. 
• Coverage   
o It will benefit 11.80 crore children studying in 11.20 lakh schools across the 
country.  
o Under the scheme, midday meals have been extended to children of Balvatika in 
addition to children studying in classes 1 to 8 in government and government-
aided schools in the country.  
? Around, 24 lakh more children in pre-primary classes, currently covered under 
the ICDS, will also be brought in.  
? Last year, the government had opened pre-schools called Balvatikas 
attached to Angandwadis. 
? The extension of mid-day meals to pre-primary students, who are to be 
incorporated into the formal education system, was a key recommendation of 
the National Education Policy 2020 
• Vocal for Local for Atmanirbhar Bharat 
o To support Vocal4Local and fulfill the objectives of the Atmanirbhar Bharat 
initiative, PM POSHAN will involve Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO) and 
Women Self Help Groups in the implementation of the scheme.  
• Social Audit 
o Social audits will be made mandatory for each school in every district to oversee 
and check implementation of the scheme. 
o It would engage university and college students to monitor implementation of the 
scheme through field visits.  
• Supplementary Nutrition 
o The focus is to ensure the nutritional aspects as well. States or districts having high 
prevalence of anemia can include any supplementary item.  
o Similarly, if states want to include their local vegetable or any other nutritional 
food or anything else such as milk or fruit, they can do so with the Centre’s 
approval. However, it should fall within the allocated budget.  
• Nutritional Garden 
o It will promote the development of nutrition gardens in schools.  
o The harvest of these gardens will be used to provide additional micro-nutrients to 
students.  
o Schools will also be encouraged to organize cooking competitions to promote ethnic 
cuisine and innovative menus based on locally available ingredients and vegetables. 
• Tithi Bhojan 
o It has also included the concept of ‘Tithi Bhojan’ wherein students from private 
schools will be encouraged to share their meals with children from marginalized 
sections at least once in a month on a voluntary basis.  
o States will also be asked to organize community programmes in which people 
provide special food to children. 
 
103                                                                                                                                                                       
10.2. PRADHAN MANTRI UJJWALA YOJANA  
Why in news? 
Recently, government announced that under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, migrant workers can avail a free cooking 
gas connection on the basis of a self-declaration without any need for documents like address proof. 
Objectives Salient Features  
• Launched in 
2016 to 
provide free 
LPG 
connections 
to women 
from BPL 
households 
(scope 
extended 
now to cover 
all the poor 
households of 
the country).  
• To provide 
clean fuel to 
women. 
• To prevent 
health 
related issues 
among the 
millions of 
rural 
populations 
due to use of 
fossil fuel.  
• To promote 
women 
empowerme
nt.  
• It is under Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.  
• Earlier, the target under the scheme was to release 8 Crore LPG Connections to the deprived 
households by March 2020. 
o Under the Union Budget for FY 21-22, provision for release of additional 1 Crore LPG connections 
under the PMUY scheme has been made.  
• Ujjwala 2.0 will provide first refill and stove free of cost to the beneficiaries. 
• PMUY connection can be released in the name of adult female member of the Poor household only, 
subject to the condition that no LPG connection exists in the name of any family member of the 
household. 
• In this phase, special facility has been given to migrant families.  
o In case a family member with her wife moved to other town where he is employed, PMUY 
connection can be released at new place of migration subject to the KYC meeting the eligibility 
criteria of UJJWALA 2.0. 
o The connection will be released in the name of the female adult member only. 
• The women applicant should have a saving bank account in any nationalized bank across the country 
to receive subsidy amount. 
• It is mandatory to collect Aadhar for all adult family members as per the age in ration card. 
• Applicant can choose between 14.2 kg single cylinder or 5 kg Single Cylinder or 5 Kg Double cylinder 
connection. 
 
 
104                                                                                                                                                                       
10.3. ATAL PENSION YOJANA  
Why in news?  
According to annual report of the National Pension Systems Trust (NPS Trust), out of 4.2 crore National Pension System 
(NPS) subscribers, over 66% or 2.8 crore opted for the Atal Pension Yojana at the end of 2020-21. 
 
 
 
Objective Salient Features  
• The 
subscribers 
would receive 
the fixed 
minimum 
pension at the 
age of 60 
years, 
depending on 
their 
contributions.  
 
• It is administered by Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority through National Pension 
System (NPS).    
• Any Citizen of India can join APY scheme. The following are the eligibility criteria,  
o The age of the subscriber should be between 18 - 40 years. 
o He / She should have a savings bank account.  
• The minimum period of contribution by any subscriber under APY is 20 years.  
• Subscribers can make contributions to APY on monthly/ quarterly / half-yearly basis. 
o The contribution levels would vary and would be low if subscriber joins early and increase if it joins 
late.  
o In case of premature death of subscriber (death before 60 years of age), spouse of the subscriber 
can continue contribution to APY account of the subscriber, for the remaining vesting period, till 
the original subscriber would have attained the age of 60 years.  
• Subscribers would receive the guaranteed minimum monthly pension of Rs. 1000 or Rs. 2000 or Rs. 
3000 or Rs. 4000 or Rs. 5000 at the age of 60 years.  
o The same pension is payable to Spouse after death of Subscriber. 
o Return of indicative pension wealth to nominees after death of spouse. 
• Contributions to the Atal Pension Yojana (APY) are eligible for tax benefits similar to the National 
Pension System (NPS).  
o The tax benefits include the additional deduction of Rs 50,000 under section 80CCD (1). 
 
105                                                                                                                                                                       
10.4. PRODUCTION LINKED INCENTIVE (PLI) SCHEME FOR AUTO, DRONE 
INDUSTRIES 
Why in news? 
Cabinet recently approved Rs. 26,058 crore production linked incentive (PLI) scheme for auto, drone industries. 
Specification PLI for Auto industries PLI for Drone industries 
Duration • 5 years • 3 years 
Objective • Overcoming the cost disabilities to the industry for the 
manufacture of advanced automotive technology 
products in India. 
• Addressing the strategic, tactical and 
operational uses of this revolutionary 
technology. 
Eligible 
participants 
• Existing automotive companies as well as new 
investors who are currently not in automobile or auto 
component manufacturing business. 
• The minimum value addition norm is at 40% of 
net sales with eligibility as: 
o MSME and Startups: Annual sales 
turnover of ? 2 crore (for drones) and ? 50 
lakh (for drone components) 
o Non-MSME companies: Annual sales 
turnover of ? 4 crore (for drones) and ? 1 
crore (for drone components) 
Other 
features 
• Two components  
o Champion OEM Incentive Scheme (‘applicable on 
Battery Electric Vehicles and Hydrogen Fuel Cell 
Vehicles of all segments) 
o Component Champion Incentive Scheme 
(Advanced Automotive Technology components of 
vehicles, Completely Knocked Down (CKD) etc.). 
• The list of eligible components may be 
expanded by the Government.  
• Developers of drone-related IT products are 
also covered for the incentive. 
 
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