Q. 1. Give two examples to illustrate how the elements of art such as colour and texture can influence the personality of an individual.
Ans : The elements of art such as colour and texture can influence the personality of an individual.
Colour - In summer, light colour should be used. Light colours reduce the size of wearer so if worn by fat person it will make look thinner.
Texture - Body defects can be subdued by using cloth with appropriate texture. Dull texture absorbs light and reduces the size. Fine and soft texture reveals the body shape.
Q. 2. Give six points you would consider while choosing clothes for old persons.
Ans : Points to be considered while choosing clothes for old persons are :
(i) Clothes for the old should be comfortable.
(ii) Their clothes should not be tight fitted.
(iii) Their clothes should be such, that are easily washable and which do not need extra maintenance like dry cleaning, etc.
(iv) Since old people cannot tolerate too much of cold in winters so their winter clothes should be very warm.
Q. 3. Home Science offers a wide range of wage employment opportunities. Support this statement with one example from each of its four fields.
Ans : Home Science offers a wide range of wage employment opportunities as follows
(a) Food and Nutrition - Working in hotel industry.
b) Child Development - Working in an organisation for disabled children.
(c) Textile and Clothing - Working in a garment industry.
(d) Home management - Working as interior decorator.
Q. 4. Rahul is no happy with the seams of his readymade pant. Give four possible reasons for his dissatisfaction.
Ans : Rahul is unhappy with the seams of his readymade pant because :-
(i) Seams are not properly stitched.
(ii) Matching thread in not used.
(iii) There is no seam allowance.
(iv) Thread in not strong.
(v) Stitching with wrong tension resulting in gathers.
Q. 5. Suggest four ways a family can increase its real income.
Ans : Family can increase its real income by following ways :-
(i) By using the skills of the family members, e.g.,-House maids who know stitching can stitch clothes for family members.
(ii) By using durable commodities to its fullest, e.g., - Family car can be used to take children to school and elders to office.
(iii) By using community facilities, e.g., using library for reading books and not buying those books.
(iv) Fringe benefits also increase real income, e.g., -Free House provided by company.
Q. 6. What four important points would you keep in mind while planning meals for a person having fever?
(i) Fried and fat rich foods should be avoided in fever as they are difficult to digest.
(ii) Breakage of tissues in fever leads to increased requirement of proteins.
(iii) Increased amount of vitamin A, ascorbic acid and B-complex vitamins should be included in the diet because of increased metabolic activities.
(iv) Lot of liquids in form of soup, juices, milk etc. should be given to the patient.
Q. 7. Give four reasons for saving money.
(i) Fulfilling needs of the family.
(ii) Meeting emergencies.
(iii) Enjoying secured old age.
(iv) Maintaining a good standard of living.
Q. 8. What do you understand by modification of diet ? Plan lunch for a family of four members. Suggest two modification in it for a lactating mother.
Ans : Diet modification refers to adaptation of the basic diet to meet the particular needs due to illness and other specific health conditions. It can be quantitative or qualitative.
Lunch for family — Chapati, Arhar Dal, Aloo, Paneer Subji, Dahi Bhalla, Salad
Modification — Paushtic Roti, Arhar Dal, Matar Panner/ Palak Paneer, Dahi Bhalla, Salad.
Q. 9. Describe how consumers have to suffer the malpractices of manufacturers and traders ?
Ans : Consumers have to face number of problems such as :—
(i) Variation in Prices — Prices of some of the commodities vary from shop to shop due to various reasons, thus, creating hardship for buyers.
(ii) Adulteration — Some manufacturers and shopkeepers who want to earn quick money resort to adulteration.(iii) Defective weights and Measures — Some shopkeepers use unstandardized weights. Weights might be hollow, using stones, etc.
(iv) Hoarding of Commodities — Shopkeepers hoard commodities to create artificial shortage, thus, making consumers to pay more.
(v) Substandard Quality — Wide variety of items are available in the market. Many of these do not confirm to the laid down standards. Ignorant consumers cannot differentiate between them.
(vi) Inadequate and Misleading Labelling — Imitation of popular brands are so cleverly disguised that the consumers find it difficult to distinguish it from the original and fake.
(vii) False Advertisement — Another way to attract consumers towards purchase of product is through advertising. Consumers often gets disillusioned when the product does not measure upto the quality claimed for.
(viii) Delayed and inadequate Consumer Services — Consumer services like health, water electricity are available to a large number of householders.
Poor maintenance and distribution of these services often causes inconvenience to the consumers.
Q. 10. Enumerate two malpractices, a grocery seller can adopt to deceive consumers. Write your duties to deal with these as a consumer.
(i) He may be adulterating the grocery items by adding inferior quality things like, stones, kesari dal metanil yellow, etc.
(ii) He might be using defective weights and measures.
(iii) Ask the shopkeeper to use standardized weights.
(iv) Ask him not to adulterate the things
(v) Report to the concern ed auth orities an d seek redressal.
Q. 11. Nutritious meal within the family budget can be arranged with the help of meal planning.
Ans : Food is expensive and hence a large chunk of one’s income goes into the kitchen in order to provide balanced diet to all members of the family. Proper meal planning will help to cut the expenses. Instead of using the expensive foods like meat, etc., a home maker may use cheap but nutritious foods like green leafy vegetables and soyabeans. Seasonal foods should be selected as they are nutritious, good in taste and cheaper in cost.
Q. 12. Today’s menu for lunch is : Parantha, Spicy Aloo Spinach, Dal fry, Dahi Bhalle, Tomato and Onion salad. What, how and why will you serve from this menu to a three year old baby ?
Ans : Parantha — Can be served.
Spicy Aloo Spinach — Serve aloo spinach without spices because spices will cause irritation.
Dahi Bhalle — Serve them but without chillies because chillies cause irritation in G..I. tract.
Tomato and Onion Salad — Can be served.
Food should be served in attractive utensils. It should be served attractively so that child is tempted to eat it. Child should always be served with small helpings.
Q. 13. Write in brief about the cognitive development of child between 0-3 years of Age.
Ans : Age — Cognitive development 0-1 months — Grasping and sucking can relate crying with being fed. 1-months — Repeats simple activities which give satisfaction, e.g., sucking his thumb. 4-8 months — Activities related to his own body are repeatedly done. 8-12 months — Solves easy problems, e.g., look for his toys in hidden places. 12-18 months — Tries to make multiple use of a particular thing. 18-24 months — Can imagine and think before hand. 2-3 years — Uses signs and symbols and immitate the situations. Start understanding the use of a particular thing.
Q. 14. How can we help a deaf child in our neighbourhood ?
Ans : Special needs of a deaf child are :—
(i) Nursery schools with lip-reading facility should be made available.
(ii) Th e vocation al tr aining-oriented education should be started from nursery level so that child is well trained in any one job.
(iii) Partially deaf children should sit in front row in the class.
(iv) Such children should be taught sign language and through visual method.
(v) They should be trained to become self-reliant.
(vi) They should be provided opportunities to explore their capabilities
.(vii) Parents and other people should have loving and caring attitude towards these children.
(viii) Sign language should be used for completely deaf children.
Q. 15. Write short notes on : (i) Satiety value. (ii) Importance of flexibility in mealplanning. (iii) Sociocultural and religious factors.
(i) Satiety value — A meal with good satiety value is the meal which satisfies the hunger for a reasonable longer time. Carbohydrates have low satiety value as compared to proteins and fats. Fatty foods like halwa and puree provide greater satisfaction. Proteins take a long time to get digested in the alimentary canal and hence provide considerable satiety value.
(ii) Importance of flexibility in meal planning — It is very important to allow a certain amount of flexibility while planning a meal for your family. Exampe : you planned to cook matar paneer curry. If the paneer is not available, it can be substituted by nutrinuggets.
(iii) Socio-cultural and religious factors effect meal planning — Meals should be planned according to social customs. Non-vegetarian foods are often avoided due to religious, socio and cultural consideration in Hindus.
Whereas muslims take non-vegetarian food, North Indian like to eat more chappati, whereas South Indian eat dosa, idli, etc. Some special dishes are prepared on religious festivals like Diwali, Holi, Dusshera, etc.
Q. 16. Suggest three changes with reasons for a diarrhoea patient in the diet given below :
Ans : Menu — Changes for Diarrhoea — Reasons
(i) Chapatties — Chapatties
(ii) Fried Rice — Boiled Rice — Fried Rice will cause mechanical irritation
(iii) Raita — Plain Curd — Raita will cause chemical irritation
(iv) Dal fried — Boiled Dal — Spicy dal will cause chemical irritation
(v) Cucumber and Tomato Salad — Should not be given — Because fibrous food causes mechanical irritation.
Q. 17. Briefly give precautions which are essential for operating any electric appliance.
Ans : Precautions that are essential for operating any electric appliance are :—
(i) Do not operate the electric appliance with wet hands.
(ii) The mixer ’s jars should fit well on the mixi before we switch on the electricity.
(iii) Stand on wood or wear rubber slipers while using electrical appliances.
(iv) Switch off the electricity when the equipment is not in use.
(v) Clean all equipments after use.
Q. 18. Give two reasons of savings. (50 Words)
4 Ans : Reasons for savings.
(i) Increase in Income — If the saving are properly invested, additional money is earned in the form of dividend or interest. The principal amount remains safe and interest amount goes on multiplying.
(ii) Economic Security — The main aim of savings is to provide economic security to the family.