Q. 1. What four points would you keep in mind while selecting cloths for picnic ?
Ans : While selecting clothes for picnic following points should be kept in mind :
(i) Clothes should be of dark colour because light colour clothes get soiled very easily.
(ii) Clothes should not be too loose or too tight because they will came in convenience in movement.
(iii) Clothes should be comfortable to wear.
(iv) They should hold on to crease without looking crumpled up.
Q. 2. Ramesh works in a company and earns Rs. 10,000 every month. The company pays for their houses rent. His wife is satisfied to save Rs. 2,000, each month.Name and define the three different types of income in the above situation.
Ans : Ramesh works in a company and earns Rs. 10,000, this is money income. The company pays for their house rent, this is real income and his wife is satisfied to save Rs. 2000, this is psychic income.
Money income - Consists of all the income obtained in the form of money.
Real income - Refers to the commodities and facilities which the family enjoys over a given period.
Psychic income - Refers to the satisfaction that is obtained from money income and real income.
Q. 3. Write any four factors that influence the income of a family.
Ans : Factors that influence the income of a family are:
(i) Size of family - If large family, saving will be less.
(ii) Joint family - If living in joint family, one can save on rent, maids, children, etc.
(iii) Place of residence - If in remote place, expenditure will be more on travel between residence and work place.
(iv) Age of family members - School/College going children spend more on books, fees, uniform.
Q. 4. Radha is a short and fat girl. Mention four features in a dress that she should avoid while selecting a dress for herself.
Ans : Radhs is a short and fat girl. She should avoid following things in her dress.
(i) She should avoid big prints and checks.
(ii) She should avoid horizontal lines.
(iii) Avoid contrast colours.
(iv) Avoid rough texture fabrics.
Q. 5. Write four possible malpractices adopted by shopkeepers dealing in cloth.
Ans : Possible malpractices adopted by shopkeepers dealing in clothes are :-
(i) Absence of standard mark for the fabrics like Sanforized and Woolmark.
(ii) Selling clothes with dye which bleed on washing.
(iii) Use of false measuring rods.
(iv) Selling defective cloths.
Q. 6. Write four factors influencing meal planning of a family comprising of two adults and two children.
Ans : Factors influencing meal planning of a family comprising of two adults and two children are :
(a) Economic factors : Meal planning depends on the availability of money. If one is having more money he can spend lavishly on food and if income is less, use more of less, expensive food.
(b) Size and composition of the family : Size of family largely effect meal planning, if size of family is big then more food is served.
Compostion refers to age and sex, activity of family members : Family which has two children their meal will have more protein and calcium rich food as the children are in growing age.
(c) Season : Meals should be in accordance with the season. Cold drinks, ice creams, etc. are liked in summer and hot drinks and high calorie food like pakoras, panjiri are preferred in winter.
(d) Food availability : It also affects meal planning. One should make use of seasonal and locally available food stuff as they are cheaper, tasty and compatible with the climate.
Q. 7. List four ways by which rhythm can be produced in a baby’s frock ?
(i) Repetition — We can repeate lace on neckline, arms and hemline.
(ii) Radiation — We can have radiating lines on the gathers of the frock.
(iii) Opposition — We can have similar patchwork on opposite sleeves or pockets on opposite side.
(iv) Gradation — We can have increasing or decreasing embroidery.
Q. 8. Your friend wants to invest some money for her higher education. Suggest two ways of investment in which she can get money back after six years. Write advantages of each schemes.
Ans : Advantages of N.S.C.
(i) Money gets almost doubled in six years.
(ii) Income tax rebate is given.
Advantages of Fixed Deposit
(i) High rate of interest.
(ii) Money is safe, loan can be taken if there is need.
Q. 9. Out line the steps of laundering clothes at home.
(i) Sorting of Clothes — White and coloured clothes should be separated as they are to be washed separately. Less dirty and more dirty to be sorted out.
(ii) Steeping — Dirty clothes are soaked in detergent solution for more time which facilitates dirt removing.
(iii) Washing — Clothes are washed with soaps and detergents.
(iv) Rinsing — After washing, clothes are rinsed in plain water to remove all traces of soaps.
(v) Stiffening and Blueing — White clothes are blued and starched. Starch gives a crisp fresh appearance.
(vi) Drying — White clothes are dried in sunlight bleaches them and makes them shiny. Colour clothes are dried in shade to avoid fading of colours.
Q. 10. Give three examples of balance in dress.
Ans : Balance refers to pose, equilibrium, steadiness and security. Balance may be created by having the two sides of a design indentical. This is called formal balance.
Balance may be obtained when design elements on both sides are different but are placed in such a way that the effect is pleasing. This is called informal or asymmetrical balance.
Q. 11. Write four reasons for planning a meal.
(i) To fulfil the nutritional needs of the family members within the family budget. (ii) To prepare food, keeping in mind, likes and dislikes of the family members. (iii) To serve attractive meals.(iv) To have good food combinations. (v) Using left over foods.
Q. 12. Your father wants to invest in order to save the income tax. Name two schemes which allow this benefit.
What other benefits are available from these schemes and what are the drawbacks ?
Ans : My father can invest in N.S.C. and L.I.C., to save the income tax.
Benefits — It gives high rate of interest. Loans can be taken
Drawbacks : (i) It is not safe. If lost, money can be encashed by anyone. (ii) There is no liquidity.
Life Insurance Corporation — L.I.C.
Benefits — (i) It gives high rate of interest. (ii) It conversrisk against death, accident, etc. (iii) It is a safe method of investment.
Drawbacks — There is no liquidity, i.e., money cannot be withdrawn in between.
Q. 13. What are motor skill and essentials in learning these motor skills ?
Ans : According to Crow and Crow. The physical activities that are made possible due to the interplay of muscles and nerves are called motor skills, e.g., sitting, walking, crawling.
Essentials in learning these motor skills :
(i) Readiness to learn — The learning of any skill is superior and easy when the child is ready to learn.
(ii) Opportunity to learn and pracice — The parents should give opportunity to the child to learn any skill, e.g., walking, they should not be afraid that child will fall. The child should be given sufficient time to practice and learn the skill.
(iii) Good role models — Children learn by immitating. They should be provided with good role models to immitate.
(iv) Guidance — It helps them to correct their mistakes before they are so well-learned that it is difficult to change.
(v) Motivation — It is essential for learning motor skills. Encourage them to master skill.
(vi) Each motor skill must be learnt individually and one at a time — Each skill is different from the other even if it involves the use of some body muscles so they should be learnt separately and learn the second skill when first one is first one is mastered to avoid confusion.
Q. 14. How would you help a polio affected child ?
Ans : Special needs of polio affected child are :—
(i) These children need love, sympathy and security.
(ii) Parents and teachers can play an important rolein making the atmosphere congenial for such children.
(iii) They should be trained in some skill so that they become independent and do not develop inferiority complex.
(iv) From the beginning, the child should be encouraged to self-sufficient and should be cboosted to attain confidence.
(v) These children should be involved and included in activities that require ‘doing’ like drawing, knitting, writing, etc.
(vi) Playing is an important socialising tool. Children with affected limbs should be included in group activity.
(vii) Children should be provided physiotherapic treatment.
(viii) The classes for polio students should be organised on ground floor so that they do not have to walk up and down the stairs.
Q. 15. What is the importance of meal planning ?
Ans : Meal planning is important for a housewife because : (i) Nutritional requirements of each family member can be met with proper meal planning only. (ii) You can save time, energy and money by meal planning. (iii) Variety can be added in the diet by meal planning. (iv) By planning, budget of the family can also be controlled. (v) Food can be made attractive and tasty by adding variety to the taste, colour, texture and cooking methods. (vi) By planning meals, left overs can be used properly, e.g., left over date at dinner can be used in paranthas.
Q. 16. Name the important nutrients during pregnancy. Why are they important ?
Ans : Although requirement of almost all the nutrients increases during pregnancy but requirements of some nutrients is greatly affected. These are as follows :—
(i) Energy — Pregnant woman requires approximately 300 calories more than normal woman.
(a) Additional energy is required for the growth of foetus.
(b) For storing fats in the body of mother.
(c) For higher Basal Metabolic Rate.
(ii) Proteins — These are needed for the growth of the foetus and maternal tissue. Additional intake of 15 gms of protein/day is required.
(iii) Iron — It is required for haemoglobin synthesis in the red blood corpuscles of foetus and also to manitain the concentration of mother’s blood.
(iv) Minerals — Calcium and phosphorus are required in greater amounts for the formation of bones and teeth in the foetus. Iodine and zinc are two trace elements which have great significance during pregnancy. Zinc is required for growth and protein synthesis. Iodine is required to regulate mental and physical growth of foetus.
(v) Vitamins — Requirement of Vitamin B-complex, Thaimine, Riboflavin and Niacine increases with the increase in calorie requirements.
Q. 17. How can you insure safety in kitchen ?
Ans : Many accidents can be avoided by observing the safety measures in the kitchen.
(i) The handles of the cookers and saucepan should be turned sideways. If you are not careful you can knock over these.
(ii) If you spill some liquid or oil on floor, wipe and clean immediately to avoid slipping and falling.
(iii) Fats and oil used for frying should not be left unatended. Strong heat can set the fat on fire.
(iv) LPG cylinders not in use should be kept away from the kitchen.
(v) Match boxes, phenyl and other cleaning agents should be stored safely. These should not be within the reach of young children.
(vi) Kitchen knife, meat choppers, pealing knives and kitchen hammer should all be carefully stored and used.
Q. 18. How will you withdraw money from the bank?
Ans : Money from the bank can be withdrawn in two ways ;
(i) Withdrawal slip — When small amount is to be withdrawn, we can use withdrawal slip for it.
(ii) Cheque — When large amount of money is to be taken out, we should use crossed cheque to withdraw the money.