Q. 1. While buying a readymade blouse Radha was upset about its workmanship. Write six possible faults of workmanship in this blouse.
Ans : While buying a readymade blouse Radha was upset about its workmanship because of following reasons :
(i) Seams are not properly stitched.
(ii) Neckline is not properly made.
(iii) There is no seam allowance.
(iv) Interlocking has not been done.
(v) Thread used in not strong and of not matching colour. (vi) Hooks are not properly stitched and eye is also not properly made.
Q.2. Rhaul is two years old and his motor and congnitive abilities are similar to that of an average child. Support this statement with three examples each.
Ans : Motor Development
(i) Rahul can run and play.
(ii) There is improvement in the grip and the grasping power of Rahul.
(iii) Rahul can eat at table with better co-ordination of hands. They have ability to focus and aim.
(iv) Rahul is able to climb stairs with support.
(i) The children have the ability of not forgetting the existence of things i.e., object permanence stablisies in Rahul’s mind.
(ii) Rahul can stand for a thing/ person. He can act like father/ mother.
(iii) Rahul is able to mentally conserve their experience and use them to solve problems.
Q.3. Give six points you would consider while choosing clothes for an infant.
Ans : Points to be considered while choosing clothes for an infant are :
(i) Clothes should be of soft material.
(ii) Clothes should be loose and comfortable.
(iii) They should be made of absorbable material so that they do not irritate the tender and soft skin of the child.
(iv) The clothes are to be washed quite often hence they should be easily washable and dried easily.
(v) Infant clothes should have opening in the front so that they are not used head long.
(vi) Instead of buttons there should be ties and fasteners as they will not hurt tender skin of a child.
Q.4. Write two ways each with examples, in which personality and occasion can influence the selection of clothes.
Ans : Influence of personality on selection of clothes :
I. Robust Personality. (i) Wear bold prints. (ii) Contrast colour.
II. Timid Personality (i) Wear small prints. (ii) Soft colours.
Occasion I. Marriage - Select clothes with bright colours, Shinning clothes can be selected e.g. - silk etc.
II. Funerals - Select simple and sober clothes in white or black colour.
Q.5. Seema is not satisfied with the placket of a readymade skirt. What could be four possible reasons for this dissatisfaction.
Ans : Seema is not satisfied with the placket of a readymade skirt possibly because of the following reasons :
(i) Placket does not have a neat finish.
(ii) Placket is long and is not having additional hook to cover the gap.
(iii) Matching thread is not used to make placket.
(iv) Reinforcement is not done at points which receive strain.
Q.6. Suggest four ways, if followed will help the food handler to prevent the spread of diseases.
(i) Food handlers should always wash hands before cooking.
(ii) Per son suffering from an y disease should not handle food.
(iii) Food handler should not cough or sneeze on food.
(iv) Food should always be covered and kept.
(v) Food handler should always keep nails clean and trimmed.
Q.7. Keeping elements of design in mind, give four suggestions for choosing a dress for a short and fat girl.
(i) Select a dress with vertical lines which give illusion of height.
(ii) Dress should have small prints on it, bold prints make the person look fatter.
(iii) It should be of clinging materaial which sticks to her body and make her look thin.
(iv) Avoid contrast in the colour of the dress and always select cool colours as they reduce the size.
Q.8. Write four points you will keep in mind while selecting dress for a tall and thin girl who is working in a office. Give reasons for your considerations.
Ans. (i) Saree should have horizontals lines to give an illusion of added width.
(ii) Saree should not be of single colour. It should have border to cut down height.
(iii) Saree can h ave big prints. They will suit to tall and thin individuals.
(iv) Saree is to be worn in office, so the fabric should be wrinkle resistant, soothing and ot very expensive.
Q.9. State one way each, how availability of food item, money and skill of cooking, influence planning of meal.
Availability of food item — Only seasonal food should be planned as they are cheaper and tastier.
Money — One should not plan expensive foods like meat, paneer, etc., instead alternate nutritious but low cost food should be planned to save money.
Skill of Cooking — Food item which can be cooked easily should be planned and the food items which require skill of cooking cannot be planned by an unskilled person.
Q.10. Write four precautions you should take to prevent accidents due to fire in the kitchen.
Ans : (i) Always wear cotton clothes while working in the kitchen.
(ii) Do not wear synthetic clothes while cooking.
(iii) Extra LPG cylinders and kerosene oil should not be stored in the kitchen. (iv) Kitchen window should not have curtains.
Q.11. Suggest four ways to keep the kitchen clean.
Ans : (i) Kitchen should be well lighted and well ventilated.
(ii) Kitchen floors should be smooth and easy to maintain and clean.
(iii) Kitchen doors and windows should be fly proof and hence have mesh on them.
(iv) Dustbin should have a lining and emptied out each day.
(v) Kitchen should have a well organised storage space.
(vi) Plenty of hot and cold water should be available for cooking, cleaning food and utensils.
Q.12. Write four objectives of I.C.D.S.
(i) Improvement of health and nutritional status of children of 0-6 years.
(ii) Laying foundations for psychological, social and physical development of the child.
(iii) Reduction in the incidence of malnutrition, morbidity, mortality and school dropout rates among children.
(iv) Enhancing capabilities of mothers to look after normal health and nutritional needs of the children.
Q.13. Define Object permanance and imitation.
Ans :Object permanance — The ability of the child of not forgetting the existence of the toys, his belongings, is called object permanance.
Imitation — A child immitates his models, they could be his parents or older siblings. He does this knowingly and sometimes unknowingly. But this is a dominant factor which helps in learning.
Q.14. How can we help socially handicapped children to develop properly ?
Ans : Socially handicapped children are those who are orphans or who are born in very poor and backward families. And they do not get proper guidance an education, they become antisocial. We can help socially handicapped children in the following manner :—
(i) They should be provided proper food, clothing and shelter.
(ii) Proper arrangement for their education should be done. Govenment should take care of their fees, books, etc.
(iii) They develop negative attitude towards society as they get rejected by the people. They become anti social and want to seek revenge from the society. In order to eliminate this feeling, we should provide them congenial atmosphere.
(iv) Children should be trained in some vocation so that they can become independent.
(v) Voluntary organization should provide healthy recreation, library facilities and vocational training to such children.
(vi) Good environment in home and society should be provided for their character, cultural and moral development.
Q.15. Enlist the factors influencing meal planning.
Ans : Meal planning is a very complex job. There are many factors that influence meal planning. (i) Physical factors. (ii) Climatic factors. (iii) Personal factors. (iv) Conservation of available resources. (v) Meal pattern. (vi) Adequacy of meal. (vii) Satiety value. (viii) Socio-cultural and religious factors. (ix) Flexibility in meal planning.
Q.16. What are the points to be considered while planning meals for a lactating mother ?
Ans : Important things to be considered are :—
(i) Ther e is no restrict ion of food for a lactating mother, but she can avoid foods which could cause inconvenience to her infant.
(ii) Alcoholic drinks and intoxicants should be avoided. As they are secreted in milk and may be harmful for the infant.
(iii) Highly spicy, strongly flavoured food should be avoided.
(iv) Amount of liquid and water should be increased as these are helpful in maintaining the capacity to secrete milk.
(v) A lactating mother should reduce the amount of food after the breast feeding, otherwise, it would lead to weight gain.
Q.17. How can we maintain cleanliness in the kitchen ?
(i) Kitchen should be fly proof and hence have mesh on its doors and windows.
(ii) The dustbin should have liner and be emptied out each day.
(iii) The kitchen work surface and floors should be easy to maintain and clean. It will keep cockroaches and rodents away.
(iv) Keep kitchen cloths/dusters clean. Wash them with a good detergent and rinse well.
(v) Kitchen should have a well organised storage space.