Q.1. Mention two advantages of having a recurring deposit account in a bank.
Ans : Advantages of having a recurring deposit account in a bank are :
(i) Recurring deposit has higher rate of interest than saving deposit account.
(ii) In this type of account money grows slowly by depositing fixed amount of money in installments of monthly basis.
(iii) It also inculcates habit of saving on regular basis.
Q.2. Describe how electric filters help in making water potable.
Ans : Now a days people are using electric filter to make water potable for drinking. These filters work on different technology and make water pure.
Electric filter is made of porcelain candle which help in removing suspended impurities. The water, then passes through carbon which is activated and removes all the chemical impurities. The water finally passes through ultra violet rays which destroys germs and bacterial impurities and it finally becomes potable for drinking.
Q.3. Sita is not sure whether her son is suffering from measles or mumps. Help her to identify three symptoms of each.
Ans : Sita can indentify the diseases by looking at the following symptoms :
Symptoms of Measles
(i) Cough and running nose.
(ii) Fever with feeling of chill, the rash appears first on the body which is pink in colour.
(iii) Eyes become so and very sensitive to light.
Symptoms of Mumps
(i) Fever and rundown feeling.
(ii) Enlargement and tenderness of one or both salivary glands giving swelling at the base of ears.
(iii) Earache, mouth feels dry because of reduced saliva secretion.
Q.4. Mention the incubation period of tuberculosis and its three very specific symptoms which help us to identify it. Give two suggestions for the patient’s after care.
Ans : Incubation period of tuberculosis - 4-6 weeks.
(ii) Loss of weight and appetite.
(iii) Occasional low grade fever.
(iv) Persistent cough
(v) Breathe has peculiar odour.
(i) Isolate the patient.
(ii) Keep patient in a well ventilated and clean room.
(iii) Dispose of mucous safely.
(iv) Give food nourishment.
Q.5. Write two ways each with example in which climate and occupation effect the selection of clothes?
Ans : Climate
(i) One selects cool colour and light clothes for summer season.
(ii) Warm colour and heavy clothes are selected for winter season.
(i) Doctors wear white or light coloured simple clothing that gives soothing effect to the patient.
(ii) As a professional, one needs informal dresses.
Q.6. Illustrate two ways each by which rhythm and emphasis can be produced in a salwar kameez.
Ans : Rhythm in a salwar kameez, can be done by repetition of laces or we can use opposition by having same embroidery on opposite sides.
Emphasis can be at neckline by having beautiful patch or embroidery at neckline or by hanging sleek purse."
Q.7. List four precautions you would take while storing woolen garments.
Ans : (i) If there are any repairs needed, do them.
(ii) The woollen garment should be washed in light detergent. It is important to remove stains. otherwise silver fish and moths will attack on it and make holes in the garment.
(iii) Woolen garments should be packed with moth repellant in it.
(iv) The storage space should be damp— proof to avoid mildew formation.
Q.8. State four important rules of personal hygiene you will observe while preparing food for the family.
(i) Wash your hands with a good soap before and after handling food.
(ii) You should tie your hair to avoid shedding them in your food.
(iii) The food handler should avoid licking of food.
(iv) Avoid walking into the kitchen with dirty feet/ shoes chappals, etc.
Q.9. State the mode of spread of diptheria. Write its four sympoms and suggest ways to prevent it.
Ans : Mode of spread —Air and direct contact with sick child and disease carriers.
Symptoms — High fever, sore throat, grey white film on tonsils blocking the respiratory tract.
Prevention — Inject DPT vaccine at 1½ month, 2½ month and 3½ month. Booster dose is given between 16-24 months.
Q.10. Write four Precautions you will take to prevent occurrence of accidents from electric appliances.
Ans : (i) Never use wet hands while working with electric appliances.
(ii) Wear rubber slippers while workig with electric appliances.
(iii) Stand on wooden platform while working with electric appliances.
(iv) Use a three-pin plug.
Q.11. For your short height what type of design in dress will be more suitable and why ?
Ans : (i) Select small print. It will make the person look taller.
(ii) Select vertical lines. It gives illusion of height.
(iii) Select single colour, no contrast. It also gives illusion of height.
(iv) Have a long dress. It increases the size of person.
Q.12. Write four symptoms of tetanus. How can we prevent it ?
Ans : Symptoms :
(i) Fever accompanied with headache and restlessness.
(ii) Difficulty in chewing and swallowing.
(iii) Jaw muscles have spasms that can cause tongue bites.
(iv) Locking of jaws, back bends in the shape of ‘bow’.
(i) Give DPT vaccine in three doses. Booster dose is given from 16-24 months.
(ii) After recovery, two mor e tetanus toxoid shots
should be given over the year.
(iii) Provide treatment under doctor ’s supervision.
(iv) Keep cotton wool wads between teeth to prevent tongue bites.
Q.13. Eeating contaminated food in the market can lead to which disease. Write four symptoms and prevention and cure of the disease.
Ans : Eating contaminated food in the market can lead to cholera.
(i) Loose watery motions that look like rice water accompanied with vomiting.
(ii) Patient gets cramp and feels extremely thirsty.
(iii) Suppression of urine leads to the accumulation of toxic materials in the body.
(iv) He may restless and suffer from low blood pressure.
(v) Patient suffers from loss of water and electrolytes which results in dehydration.
Prevention and Cure :
(i) Outside eating should be avoided during the epidemic.
(ii) Boiled water should be given to the patient.
(iii) Food should always be covered.
(iv) Toilet should be cleaned with phenyle.
(v) Cholera vaccine should be given.
(vi) Patient should be kept in a separate room.
(vii) Patient should be given electrolytes along with water. O.R.S. should be given.
Q.14. Write two advantages of keeping small child nuder the supervision of sibling ?
Ans : Advantages of sibling care are :—
(i) Siblings or children learn to co-operate and they sympathise with other people.
(ii) The child learns the same type of language as his elder sibling speaks.
(iii) They also learn manners and habits from their siblings.
Q.15. What are food habits and give guidelines for good eating habits ?
Ans. Foods habits — They develop according to the perosn’s likes and dislikes for the specific food. Some people like to take heavy breakfast and some other may like to have nice elaborate dinner. Some like rice others like chapatti. These likings develop into food habits.
Guidelines for good eating habits.
(i) Maintain regular eating routine.
(ii) Eat only seasonal and fresh food.
(iii) Eat just in right amount.
(iv) Avoid excessive consumption of salt, spices, fats, sugar, etc.
(v) Eat variety, as it ensures supply of all essential nutrients.
(vi) Maintain desirable weight and health.
Q.16. What are the important things you will keep in mind while planning a meal for a pre-schooler ?
Ans : Important things to be kept in mind while planning a meal for a pre-schooler are :—
(i) In this age finger food should be served, i.e., make a roll of stuffed parantha, or put vegetable in between the chapatti nad make a roll so that child is able to pick it up and eat it comforably without making mess while playing.
(ii) Child should be served food in a pleasant and tension free environment.
(iii) Never force your likes and dislikes on the child. Let the child decide himself whether she like sthe new food or not."
(iv) Avoid giving flavoured, spicy, fried and fibrous food. Such food may harm the delicate digestive system of the child.
(v) Meals should be appealing and attractive so that the child is tempted to eat.
(vi) Don’t serve either very hot or very cold food to the child.
Q.17. Write short Notes (i) Hygiene during serving. (ii) Cleanliness of untensils.
Ans : (i) Hygiene during Serving — Food should be served in neat and clean utensils in hygienic surroundings.
We should not touch the brim of glasses or utensils while serving the food. Person who serves the food should take utmost care in personal hygiene. (ii) Cleanliness of Utensils — Utensils should be cleaned with hot water to remove the food particles sticking to them. Then clean them thoroughly with a good detergent. Never wash carved utensils with dry powder as it gets deposited on the design. Wash them with a solution of detergent in water.