Q. 1. What are the four ways a family will suffer if it did not believe in saving ?
Ans : If a family does not believe in saving money, it will suffer in may ways.
(i) Family will not be able to fulfil the needs of the members.
(ii) They will not be able to meet the emergencies like accident, ill health of family member, etc.
(iii) If a family is not saving money they will not have secure old age and they will not be able enjoy their retirement also.
(iv) Family will not be able to maintain a good standard of living.
Q. 2. Rajiv is partially blind. What could be his adjustment and academic needs while in school and how can a teacher help him ?
Ans : Rajiv can be made to adjust in school and his academic needs can be met in the following way :
(i) Teacher ’s parents and friends should have sympathetic attitude towards him.
(ii) He should be allowed to sit in the front row of the class so that board is visible.
(iii) Books with big print and desk with proper light are of considerable help to him.
(iv) The board should be green/grey instead of black.
(v) Use of unglazed paper and use of soft black pencils improve the visibility for such children.
(vi) Help the child move around the school. Help him walk up and down the stairs.
(vii) Encourage him to participate in different activities.
(viii) Teacher should write on board in large and clear letters.
Q.3. Sohan is a dumb and deaf child. In what ways can parents and teachers help to meet his various needs?
Ans : Parents and teachers can help in the following ways to meet Sohan’s various needs :
(i) The vocational training oriented education should be started from nursery level so that child is well trained for job.
(ii) Such children should be taught sign language through visual methods.
(iii) They should be trained to become self-reliant.
(iv) Nursery school with lip reading facility should be made available.
(v) Sohan should be provided opportunity to explore his capabilities.
(vi) Parents and teachers should have sympathetic attitude towards him.
(vii) Sign language should be used to teach him.
Q. 4. Name two foods adulterated with Argemone.
How can you detect his adulterant ? Write its possible health hazards.
Ans : Two foods adulterated with Argemone :-
(i) Mustard seeds with Argemone seeds.
(ii) Mustard oil with Argemone oil.
Test to detect Adulteration - Heat mustard oil with few drops of Nitric acid for 2-3 minutes. Appearance of red colour shows the presence of Argemone oil.
(i) Epidemic dropsy
(ii) Odema - Water collects in tissues causing swelling of thighs, hand etc.
(iii) Enlargement of liver
(v) Cardiac arrest.
Q. 5. Mention the incubation period by measles and three specific symptoms which will help in recognizing the disease. Give two suggestions for patient’s after care.
Ans : Incubation period of measles — 10 - 12 days.
(i) Cough and running nose.
(ii) Fever with feeling of chills.
(iii) The rash appears first on face and neck and later on the body.
(iv) The rash is pink.
(i) Isolate the sick child.
(ii) Apply calamine lotion to reduce itching.
(iii) Dim lighting will provide relief to the child.
Q. 6. You want to buy a readymade blazer for your school. Specify six qualities of workmanship you would check in it.Ans :
Seams — Should be plain finished with interlocking of french seams.
Placket — Should be neatly stitched and length should be adequate.
Collars — Should be stiff and size should be appropriate.
Matching Stitches — They should be smooth, even continuous and done with matching strong thread.
Buttons and Buttonhole — They should be secrely attached. Extra buttons should be attached. The size of buttonhole should be appropriate.
Lining and padding — Good quality of inner linning should be there. It should be properly stitched. Padding should be there on the shoulders. It should give a neat shape to the blazer.
Q. 7. For a family’s meal Alu Vadi (Urad dal), Chappati and Curd has been planned. Suggest three modification in it to suit the requirements of a pregnant lady. Support your answer with reasons.
(i) Alu Vadi —Instead aloo, serve n utrella curry which is more nutritious. Soyabean is full of proteins.
(ii) Chapati —Serve poshtik roti made by mixing besan, atta, Bathu spinach, etc., which will provide more iron and minerals.
(iii) Curd —Instead of plain curd serve onion and tomato raita. It is more nutritious.
Q. 8. Give one example to support, how will you create emphasis and rhythm in a dress.
Ans : Emphasis can be created by beautiful lace at the neckline.
Rhythm can be created by repetition of embroidery at neck area, arms, sides, etc. Rhythm can be achieved by repetition, alternation, opposition, gradation and radiation.
Q. 9. Elaborate all the points you will keep in mind for hygienic handling of food.
(i) Wash hands before cooking food also wash food well to remove dirt and excessive pesticides.
(ii) Wear clean clothes in kitchen.
(iii) Cook food thoroughly and for a sufficient time so as to ensure destruction of bacteria.
(iv) Do not leave the food uncovered.
(v) Tie your hair while working in the kitchen.
(vi) If you have boils on your hands, then don’t handle the food.
(vii) Do not cough or sneeze on food.
(viii) Do not lick the food.
Q.10. Write four points you will consider while purchasing clothes for a six month old child.
(i) Clothes should be neither too tight nor too loose.
(ii) Cloth should be soft and comfortable.
(iii) They should be easy to wash and maintain
(iv) Cloth should not be very expensive.
Q. 11. Elaborate six points you will check in a frock before purchasing it in order to ensure quality.
(i) Seams — Should be either plain finished by interlocking or french seams.
(ii) Hemline — Should be finished with neat hemming and enough allowance should be there.
(iii) Placket — Should be of uniform thickness, even, neatly stitched. Length should be adequate.
(iv) Press buttons — They should be attached neatly on the placket.(
v) Matching Stitches — Stitches should be smooth, even, neat and done with strong matching coloured strong thread. (vi) Piping or laces should be neatly attached without any puckers.
Q. 12. The menu for lunch is — Chapati, Dal, Potato, Cauliflower bhaji, Boondi raita, Tomato and onion salad. What changes would you bring in this meal to suit the needs of a lactating mother and why ?
Ans : Chapati — Paushtik roti should be given because it is more nutritious.
Dal — Put some spinach in dal which will increase iron content.
Poatato cauliflower bhaji — Give mixed vegetable which will supply all major nutrients.
Boondi raita — Can be served as it is.
Tomato and onion salad — It can be served as it is.
Q. 13. What is the mode of spread of Polio ? Write in brief the symptoms, prevention and cure of the disease.
Ans : Mode of spread-contaminated food and water.
Symptoms : (i) Generally ill-health. (ii) Headache and drowsiness. (iii) Vomiting and diarrhoea. (iv) Low grade fever. (v) Pain and tenderness of limb muscles. (vi) Few suffer paralysis and crippling effect.
Prevention and Cure — Polio Oral Vaccine should be given starting from 6 weeks onwards as per the immunization schedule.
Cure — (i) Control fever and vomiting. (ii) Give sufficient fluid to drink. (iii) Rest the child and his fatigued muscles.
Q. 14. Write two advantages and two disadvantages of hierd help.
Ans : Hired help is the Ayah/maid servant who takes care of the child in the absence of parents. Heired help can have both advantages and disadvantages.
(i) Physical care of the child is properly taken care off.
(ii) Hired help, if she is mature en ough and well known to the family she could be of great help.
(i) They cannot teach good habits and positiv traits.
(ii) It might not be safe to leave the child with Ayah.
Q. 15. What are the different food groups and what are the major nutrients present in them ?
Ans : Food Group — Major Nutrients Present
(i) Cereals, Roots and Tubers, Rice, Wheat, Potato, Barley, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi — Carbohydrates, Proteitns, Vitamin B-complex, Fiber, Iron.
(ii) Pulses,Nuts and oilseeds. Moong, Masoor, Blackgram, Arhar, dry nuts (Cashewnuts, groundnuts, Almonds, etc) Til, mustard seeds. — Proteins, Energy, Vitamin B, Calcuim, Iron, Fiber.
(iii) Milk, Meat and thier Products. — Proteins, Fats, Calcuim, Riboflavin.
(iv) Fruits and vegetables. — Vitamins and minerals.
(v) Fats and sugar. Fats-Butter, Ghee, oil. Sugar -Sugar, jaggery. — Energy, Fats.
Q. 16. Give any four functions of water in the body.
(i) Saliva in the mouth is largely composed of water.
It helps in swallowing food.
(ii) It regulates body temperature.
(iii) Water is a good lubricant that facilitates movements of joints.
(iv) Our body needs water to carry away the waste products in the form of urine, excreta and perspiration