Q. 1. You have to buy fabric for your Kurta. The width of fabric is 36 inches. In order to buy accurate quantity (length) of fabric, what body measurements will you take and how will you calculate the required length of fabric?
Ans : If the width of fabric is 36 inches. to get the accurate quantity of fabric one should keep in mind the fabric width, design and size. I am taller than average so it will need to purchase more fabric. I need 40 inches length of my Kurta. If one length is 40 inches. Two sides will be 40 × 2 = 80 inches i.e., is 2 meters approximately. It one needs full sleeves then extrat cloth for sleeves is needed.So approximately 2½ metres of cloth is needed for making Kurta. The flared Kuras, with long length needs more material.
Q. 2. In what four ways does ICDS help in caring for lactating women?
Ans : Package of service rendered by ICDS to lactating women are :
(i) Nutrition and Health : Women is educated about weaning foods and supplementing feeding. She is also educated about breast feeding and benefit to breast feeding to the child.
(ii) Health check ups and Referral services : Prenatal and Post-natal facilities are provided to mother and new born. Importance of spacing and restricting the size of the family. The relationship between maternal status and healthy child is highlighted.
(iii) Immunisation : Women is educated about the immunisation schedule to be followed for her child and about the importance of different vaccinations.
(iv) Lactating women are educated about their own nutrition and health. They are also given postnatal care.
Q. 3. Illustrate two ways of creating balance in a frock.
Ans : Balance can be created in frock in two ways such as :
(i) Formal balance (ii) Informal balance
Formal balance - It can be created by having same size pockets on both sides of the frock.
Informal balance - It can be created by dividing the frock into two parts with dark colour belt in between.
Q. 4. Explain four rules of hygiene to a cook.
Ans : Rules of hygiene to a cook are as follows :-
(i) Wash hands before handling food.
(ii) Avoid licking of food.
(iii) Cook should not be suffering from any ailment.
(iv) Do not handle food when suffering from skin infection, boil, cold and cough.
(v) Do not leave food uncovered.
(vi) Wear clean clothes and clean apron.
Q. 5. Outline the steps of washing a blue silk saree at home.
Ans : Steps of washing a blue silk are at home are as follows :-
(i) Use mild liquid detergent/reetha solution in a tub and make lot of lather.
(ii) Use water at room temperature.
(iii) Don’t soak the saree in it, use light pressure -kneading and squeezing method for washing.
(iv) Rinse out all detergent in cold running water.
(v) Add few drops of vinegar or lime juice in the last rinse to add lustre.
(vi) Add gum in last rinse for stiffness.
(vii) Squeeze water gently.
(viii) Dry on a clothline in shade.
Q. 6. Explain the main features of Consumer Protection Act 1986 ?
(i) Application of the law - This act applies to both goods and services.
(ii) Redressal machinery and consumer forum quasi judicial machinery has been established under Consumer Protection Act to settle grievances of the consumer as regards the goods and services.
(iii) Expenditious Disposal - Tos prevent consumers from waiting too long for the justice. The Act has a provision that all grievances will be settled within 90 days.
(iv) Advisory bodies- Redressal advisory bodies. i.e., consumer protection council and central consumer protection had been set up a state/ National level respectively.
(v) No court fees- No fees is required if complaints are submitted under COPRA.
(vi) Rights of the consumer- Rights of the consumer have been spelt out under this law.
Q. 7. What four important points you would keep in mind while planning meals for a person suffering from diarrhoea?
(i) Avoid fried and spicy foods which will irritate GI tract.
(ii) Avoid the use of fibrous foods.
(iii) More liquids should be given.
(iv) Avoid use of exterlmely hot and cold foods.
Q. 8. Your employed sister wants to leave her one year old daughter in a creche. List six points that should help her in selecting such a place.
(i) Provide adequate feeding facilities to her child.
(ii) Keep the child neat and clean.
(iii) Provide the child with rest and sleeping facilities.
(iv) Should be clean and safe.
(v) Provide medical and first— aid facilities.
Q. 9. A family is served a meal consisting of dal, rice, curd and chapatis. Evaluate this meal and if necessary, suggest modification along with adequate reasons what additional changes are necessary , and why, if this meal is served to a lactating mother ?
(i) Dal — It is served with palak (spinach) as it has vitamin and iron, necessary for lactating mother.
(ii) Rice — Convert it to pulao with lot of vegetables, hence more nutritive.
(iii) Curd — Serve cucumber, tomato raita which has more vitamin/protein and minerals.
(iv) Chappati — Serve paushtik roti consisting of atta, besan, methi. It is full of vitamin, minerals and calories.
Q. 10. What will you use to detect the adulteration of argemone oil and mineral oil in foodstuff ?
Ans : Take mustard oil in a test tube and add concentrated nitric acid. Appearance of pink colour shows the presence of argemone oil. Add equal quantity of 0.5 N alcoholic potash to the sample (2 ml). Heat the test tube in water bath for 15 minutes and then add 10 ml water. Turbidity show the presence of mineral oil.
Q. 11. Write the points you will keep in mind while storing silk. Give reasons.
Ans : While storing silk following precaution should be taken.
(i) Mending — If there are any repairs needes do them.
(ii) Washing of dry cleaning — Silk should be washed in soft liquid detergent. Stain should be removed before storing otherwise insects will attack and damage silk.
(iii) Silk should be packed in newspaper sheets and naphthalene balls should be put.
(iv) The storage space should be damp-proof to avoid mildew formation.
Q. 12. Trace month development of a child from birth to three years of age.
Ans : 1 month — Chin up , 2 month — Chest up, 3 month — Reaches for object but misses., 4 month — Sits with support., 5 month — Grasps dangling objects. , 6 month — Sits on chair., 7 month — Sits alone., 8 month — Gets itself into sitting position from lying position., 9 month — Crawls on abdomen., 10 month — Creeps on hand and knees., 11 month — Stands alone., 12 month — Walks when led by hands., 13 month — Walks alone., 18 month — Goes up and down stairs., 2 years — Goes up initially with support and later without it., 2-3 years — Runs, plays, jumps, skips, Balances on tiptoe, eat at table.
Q. 13. A six month old, a one year old and a three year old want to go out of the house. write how each child will communieate his desie to go out and try stage of langnage development ent each one is at ?
Ans : A six month old child will babble and show gesture to communicate that he wants to go out of the house.The child is in Babbling stage.
A one year old child will use one word ‘Bhahar’ and gesture to say that he wants to go out. He is in one word stage of language development.
A three year old child will use multiword sentence to say that he wants to go out. He is in a multiword stage language development.
Q. 14. What are the types of physical handicaps ?
Ans : The types of physical handicaps are :—
(i) Blind and partially blind children (ii) Deaf and partially deaf children. (iii) Crippled children (iv) Orthopaedic disability (v) Language defects (Dump, stuttering, stammering).
Q. 15. Briefly give the objectives of National Plan of Action.
Ans : Objectives of National Plan of Action are :—
(i) Health for all children.
(ii) Maternal health specially of pregnant and lactating women.
(iii) Water and sanitation for healthy living.
(iv) Education to minimum levels of learning. Imparting functional literacy to enable individual to become self-reliant.
(v) To improve the status of the girl child and remove the gender bias. Provision of equal opportunity to all boys and girls.
(vi) All facilities under the NPA are to be extended to the adolescent girls.
(viii) Growth and development of women is directly related to the welfare of the children of the nation.
Q. 16. What are the main objectives of diet modification during illness ?
Ans : The main objectives of diet modification during illness are :—
(i) To provide nutrients to the paitient, according to his physical requirements.
(ii) To change the diet of a person according to his capacity of digestion, absorption and metabolism.
(iii) To change the liquidity of foods according to the requirement — liquid, semi-liquid or soft foods.
Q. 17. What are the symptoms of dehydration ? Give WHO/UNICEF formula of ORS.
Ans : Common symptoms of dehydration are headache, fatigue and sudden collapse. Dehydration is characterised with severe thirst, very little output of urine, drying up of mouth and loss of skin elasticity. If body losses 20% of its normal water content, the person will die.
The patient should be plenty of water to drink. Addition of little salt and sugar helps in controlling and maintaining the electrolyte balance in the body. This salt, sugar and water solution is called ORS. It is commonly known as Jiwan Rakshak Ghol. The WHO/UNICEF recommended the formula or oral rehydration powder as follows : Water — One liter / Sodium Chloride — 3.5 gm. / Sodium Bicarbonate — 2.5 gm. / Potassium Chloride — 1.5 gm. / Glucose — 20.0 gm.
Q. 18. Differentiate between money inconme and direct income.
Ans : Money income consists of all the income obtained in the form of currency. The various source of money income are salary, wages, pensions etc.
Real direct income — Comprises of all those commodities and facilities which are available to the family without the use of money. Example— commodities and facilities provided by the skill of the family members. A housewife who is stitching and knitting for the family members is adding to the total family income.
Q. 19. Write briefly about ‘Kisan Vikas Patra’ and ‘National Savings Certificates’ (NSC).
Ans : Kisan Vikas Patra — Any individual can buy these from Post Office. The money invested doubles in 7 years and 3 months. There is no maximum limit to which one can invest in the said scheme. But there is not tax rebate on this investment.
National Savings Certificates (NSC) — The certificates are similar to the Kisan Vikas Patra. The money is doubled in six to seven years. One enjoys the income tax relief upto 20% of the value of these certificates.
Q. 20. Briefly give the salient features of COPRA (1986).
Ans : (i) Application of the Law — This act applies to both ‘goods’ and ‘services’. Goods are the ones that are manufactured and sold to consumers. While Services are those for which payments are made.
(ii) Redressal Machinery and Consumer Forum — Quasi-judicial machinary has been established under the Consumer Protection Act to settle the grievances of the consumers as regards good and services. This machinery consists of consumer forums set up at various levels. These forums function as means for Safeguarding or proterting Consumer’s interests.Quasi-judicial Machinery was set up under COPRA-1986.
Level — Forum Functioning — Who presides the forum
District — District Forum for Consumer Disputes Redressal. — Officer of rank of District judge.
State and Union territory — State Commission — Officer of rank of High Court judge.
National — National Commission — Officer of rank of Supreme Court judge.
(iii) Expeditious Disposal — All the complaints are settled within 90 days from the receipt of the complaint.
(iv) Advisory Bodies — Redressal advisory bodies, i.e., Consumer Protection Council and Central Consumer Protection Council have been set up at state and national level respectively to motivate the consumer to seek redressal.
(v) No Court Fee — It is required to be paid if complaints are submitted under COPRA. Hence, even the poor consumer can seek redressal.
(vi) The rights of consumers have been spelt out under this law.