Q. 1. State two reasons why the drinking water that looked clear, was declared unsafe. How is bowilig method used for making water potable? Give three precautions you will take while storing this water.
Ans : The drinking water that looked clear, was declared unsafe because it had objectionable taste and odour.
It also had harmful bacteria in it.
Boiling is the best method for making water pure for household purposes. Water should be boiled for a minimum of 30 min at 2120F.
The Precaution to be taken while boiling water are :
(i) Boil water for 30 min. at 1000C/2120F
(ii) The boiled water should remain in the same container, to avoid recontamination.
(iii) If the container is to be changed than the other container should be clean.
(iv) Boiled water becomes tasteless. To get its taste back, pour the boiled water may times from one container to another.
Q. 2. Define adulteration. Specify two health hazards of consuming argemone seeds.
Ans : Adulteration - Lowering the quality of food by adding cheap/inferior substances to it or by removing an important part of it or by the presence of harmful substances in the food.
Health hazards of consuming argemone seeds are :
(i) Partial / total blindness.
(ii) They also cause heart problem.
(iii) Epidemic dropsy may also be caused due to regular consumption of argemone seeds.
Q. 3. To ensure quality, what four features will you check in the lining of a readymade coat ?
(i) Lining should be smooth and comfortably fitted.
(ii) In coat th ere is inter-lining too this should be securely tucked at side seams, shoulder seams and around arm hole.
(iii) Lining should be preshrunk and it should also be colourfast.
(iv) The lining should be light in weight.
Q. 4. The Khoya burfi has been declared adulterated by P.F.A. Indicate four possible basis for this declaration.
Ans : Khoya burfi has been declared adulterated by P.F.A. Four possible basis for this declaration are :-
(i) Starch has been added to khoya.
(ii) Cream has been removed.
(iii) Contains excessive or unpermitted colour.
(iv) It is prepared or stored in unhygienic condition.
Q. 5. Mrs. Mehra looks after her neighbour’s two year old child. State two drawbacks and two benefits when a two year old child is looked after by a neighbour.
Ans : Mrs. Mehra looks after her neighbour’s two year old child.
(i) She may not be able to devote sufficient time to look after the child as she has to handle her own household jobs.
(ii) This sort of child care is generally of a short duration.
(i) Middle aged matured woman can look after the child since she has time and is willing to do so.
(ii) She can handle the situation of illness and injuries to the child tactfully.
Q. 6. Elaborate the benefits and drawbacks of investing in life insurance and units.
Ans : Benefits of Investing in LIC:
(i) It gives high rate of interest.
(ii) It covers risk against death, accident
(iii) It is a safe method of investment.
There is no liquidity, i.e., money can not be withdrawn in between.
Benefits of Investing in Units :
(i) The unit holder gets tax relief.
(ii) The units can be easily encashed as and when the money is required.
Units when encashed, are not exempted from income tax.
Q.7. Give four reasons for planning meals for a family.
(i) To meet the nutritional requirement of different family members.
(ii) To provide meals keeping in mind the individual likes an dislikes.
(iii) To provide good food combination and to provide tasty and attractive food.
(iv) To plan meals within the budget, i.e., according to the socio— economic group of the family members.
(v) To use left over properly.
Q. 8. Elaborate two cultural feelings of a family which influence meal planning.
Ans : The family tradition and religious beliefs play an important role in meal planning. Food becomes more acceptable with the addition of traditional food in the diet, e.g., Dosa in southern India.
Religion play an important role in acceptance of food, e.g., non— vegetarian food are prohibited in certain religions and garlic and onion in some other religions. Sweets are made on auspicious occasions.
Q. 9. Using examples differentiate between money income and real income. Suggest two ways of increasing a families real income.
Ans : Money income consists of all the income obtained in the form of currency, like salary, wages. Direct real income comprises of all commodities and facilities which are available to the family without the use of money.
Example — Family owned durable commodities.
Increasing Real Income
(i) The coordinated participation of the family members in doing the household works can bring about significant increase in family’s real income.
(ii) Skilled family members can do income generating activities like preparing and selling of home utility products viz... pickles, papad, spices, etc., thus increasing family’s real income.
Q. 10. Differentiate between real income and psychic income.
Ans : Real income is divided into two kinds, i.e., direct real income and indirect real income.
Indirect real income refers to commodities and facilities which are available to a family with the use of money or in exchange of goods, e.g.,— services of paid workers.
Indirect real income comprises of all commodities and facilities which are available to the family without the use of money, e.g., family owned durable commodities.
Psychic Income — Refers to the satisfaction that is obtained from the money income and real income, e.g., one may find satisfaction by investing in property, other may find in purchasing gold.
Q. 11. Raju’s one eye is damaged. How will you help him in adjusting in school ?
Ans : We can help Raju in adjusting in school by :—
(i) Make him sit on the first seat.
(ii) Help him walk up and down stairs.
(iii) Their classes should be on ground floor.
(iv) Books with big print and desk with proper light are of considerable help to the child.
(v) Green/grey board instead of a black-board, unglazed paper and use of soft black pencils improve teh visibility for such a child.
(vi) Record tapes are being used to impart education to the partially blind.
Q. 12. Write four symptoms of Tuberculosis. Also write two measures to prevent it.
Ans : Symptoms : (i) Weakness (ii) Loss of weight and appetite. (iii) Rapid pulse (iv) Low grade fever. (v) Presistent cough.
Prevention : BCG vaccine at birth. Care — Sibling should be isolated from the child.
Q. 13. Write the importance of development milestone.
Ans : The importance of developmental milestone is that if the mother is properly educated about milestones, she will be able to see whether her child is achieving these milestones properly or not. If not, she can consult the doctor. Another importance is that when the child achieves these milestones he attains self-confidence and self-reliance.
Q. 14. What are the causes of blindness ?
Ans : The causes of blindness are :—
(i) Congenital blindness — It refers to a child being born blind. (ii) Acquired blindness — In this case the child is not born blind. The child may loose eyesight on account of some accident.
(iii) Nutritional blindness — It is the result of prolonged absence of vitamin rich food in the diet.
(iv) Delayed remedial treatment.
Q. 15. Explain briefly the services given to beneficiaries under ICDS.
Ans : Services given to beneficiaries under ICDS :
(i) Supplementary Nutrition — ICDS provide supplement nutrition in the form of mid-day meal to children between (3-6 yrs.) in nursery schools.
Supplement nutrition is also given to pregnant and lactating woman. Snacks rich in protein and carbohydrates like chana, murmura, rosted chana, etc., are given.
(ii) Immuniz ation — Al l ch i l dre n shoul d be immunised wihtin 1st year against the six killer diseases of early childhood. ICDS provide immunization to pregnant women also.
(iii) Health checkup and Referral Srvices — These services are provided in the government hospitals and municipal dispensaries. Prenatal and postnatal facilities are provided to mother’s and new born babies.
(iv) Nutrition and Health Education — Mothers in the productive years of life are made aware of the importance of spacing and restricting the size of the family. They are educated about what they should eat and what they should give to their children for their proper growth and development.
(v) Non-formal education — Women from rural and tribal areas are given non-formal education. They are given vocational education which would help them to supplement their income.
Beneficiary / Services
1. Expectant and Lactating mother / (i) Health checkup. (ii) Immunization against tetanus of pregnant women. (iii) Supplement Nutrition. (iv) Nutrition and Health Education.
2. Women (15-45 years) / (i) Nutrition and Health Education. (ii) Supplement Nutrition.
3. Children (0-3 years) / (i) Immunization. (ii) Health check-up. (iii) Referral services.
4. Children (3-6 years) / (i) Supplement Nutrition. (ii) Immunization. (iii) Health check-up (iv) Referral services. (v) Non-formal preschool education.
Q. 16. What things are to be kept in mind while planning a meal for a diarrhoea patient ?
Ans : Points to be considered while planning a diet for a diarrhoea patient are :—
(i) Small amount of food should be given to patient at regular intervals.
(ii) Avoid use of extremely hot and cold foods.
(iii) Fried and spicy foods should be avoided.
(iv) Avoid the use of fibrous foods.
(v) More liquids should be given.
Q. 17. List four ways which make potable water unfit for drinking at home.
Ans : Four ways which make potable water unfit for drinking at home :—
(i) Water will be contaminated if there is drainage of sewer water into the main stream of water.
(ii) Water becomes impure during transit of dirty utensils.
(iii)Sometimes water becomes impure because of certain negligences like-bathing, washing of clothes and utensils near the water source.
(iv) Water becomes impure by the chemical reaction of certain substances present in it with the metallic pipes through which it is distributed.
Q. 18. Differentiate between indirect and psychic income.
Ans : Indirect real income — refers to commodities and facilities which are available to a family with the use of money or in exchange of goods. Example (i) Services of paid worker. (ii) Exchange of goods. (iii) Fringe benefits.
Psychic income — refers to the satisfaction that is obtained from the money income and real income. One may find satisfaction in investing one’s income is units, others may find investing in property, more satisfying.
Q. 19. You want to invest for income tax exemption. Suggest two such schemes with their advantages and disadvantages.
Ans : You can invest your money in Life Insurance or in NSS (National Saving Scheme) to get Income Tax rebate.
(i) It provides economic protection to the family of the policy holder incase of untimely death.
(ii) It provides economic help in old age to policy holder.
(i) There is no liquidity.
(ii) It is not suitable for people with limited income or single earning.
(i) The holder gets high rate of interest, i.e., 9.5%.
(ii) The money can be withdrawn when desired.
(i) Maximum limit of investment is Rs. 40,000 only.
(ii) If money is withdrawn before time, it is liable to be taxed.
Q. 20. List the primary function of clothing.
Ans : The primary function of clothings are :
(i) Personal Protection : Clothing protects one against rain, wind, sun and cold winters. It provides protection against harmful and poisonous insects. (ii) Clothing gives an individual a feeling of well being, if he/she is comforably dressed. If a person is well dressed, he/she has feeling of inner security and friendly disposition. Hence, one should wear clothing that provides comfort and promotes physical well-being.