English subject might be ignored by many students as importance is given to other mainstream subjects. But, English is quite an important subject to study especially in the present scenario. It is not very difficult to study but, requires a complete strategy when preparing as it contains quite a few sections that need attention.
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A few tips and tricks for English Class 10 Preparation are given here:
1. Read your NCERT Textbooks thoroughly:
You must start with giving a thorough reading to your NCERT Textbooks especially when preparing for Literature section. NCERT Textbooks help in building a base for further learning. Read NCERT books regularly as CBSE board exam question papers are completely based on this book. It is important to read every poem and chapter at least once and answer all the questions given at the end of the chapter/poem. NCERT Solutions will also be of great help here as they contain answers to all questions according to CBSE Pattern.
Chapter 1 - Two Gentlemen of Verona
Chapter 2 - Mrs. Packletide s Tiger
Chapter 3 - The Letter
Chapter 4 - A Shady Plot
Chapter 5 - Patol Babu, Film Star
Chapter 6 - Virtually True
Chapter 7 - The Frog and the Nightingale
Chapter 8 - The Mirror
Chapter 9 - Not Marbles, Nor the Gilded Monuments (Sonnet 55)
Chapter 10 - Ozymandias
Chapter 11 - The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Chapter 12 - Snake
Chapter 13 - The Dear Departed
Chapter 14 - Julius Caesar
Chapter 1 - A Letter to God
Chapter 2 - Nelson Mandela - Long Walk to Freedom
Chapter 3 - Two Stories about Flying
Chapter 4 - From the Diary of Anne Frank
Chapter 5 - The Hundred Dresses - I
Chapter 6 - The Hundred Dresses - II
Chapter 7 - Glimpses of India
Chapter 8 - Mijbil the Otter
Chapter 9 - Madam rides the Bus
Chapter 10 - The Sermon at Benares
Chapter 11 - The Proposal
Poem - Dust of Snow
Poem - Fire and Ice
Poem - A Tiger in the Zoo
Poem - How to Tell Wild Animals
Poem - The Ball Poem
Poem - Amanda!
Poem - Animals
Poem - The Trees
Poem - Fog
Poem - The Tale of Custard the Dragon
Poem - For Anne Gregory
Chapter 1 - A Triumph of Surgery
Chapter 2 - The Thief s Story
Chapter 3 - The Midnight Visitor
Chapter 4 - A Question of Trust
Chapter 5 - Footprints without Feet
Chapter 6 - The Making of a Scientist
Chapter 7 - The Necklace
Chapter 8 - The Hack Driver
Chapter 9 - Bholi
Chapter 10 - The Book that saved the Earth
2. Practice a lot:
Every section in english be it Reading, writing, grammar or literature can be excelled only with a lot of practice. Practice by writing out every answer as writing will help you analyse your grammatical as well as spelling mistakes and help you improve on them. English cannot be studied in a day, practicing it through writing, reading, listening and speaking is the best way to gain mastery over the language.
3. Solve Previous Year Papers:
Previous Year question papers are a way of knowing the pattern of the final exam. By solving previous year papers, you will be able to figure out your weaknesses and strengths for various concepts. One must solve previous year papers/ sample papers to get familiar with the questioning pattern and to be able to know how to manage time.
Section wise Weightage for Class 10 English Exam:
A: Reading - Question 1-2
B: Writing and Grammar - Questions 3-7
C: Literature - Questions 8-11
Total Number of questions = 11
Section wise Preparation Tips:
Unseen passage/note making: This is an extremely scoring section and needs the least amount of effort comparatively. Read the passage very carefully and you will be able to find answers to the questions easily.
Writing skills: Remember to always follow the format. Majority of the questions in this section are for 10 marks, divided into 3 marks for format, 4 for content and 3 for fluency/accuracy of English as far as I remember. Read as many articles, letters etc. to get an idea about the flow to be followed and also learn some new terms and words.
Grammar: For Grammar, Practice is the only key. Brush up basic rules and attempt as many questions as possible and learn from the mistakes you make.
Literature: Read all the chapters very thoroughly from the NCERT textbooks and learn answers from NCERT Solutions. Understanding the chapter is not enough as you will be expected to write 7-10 mark answers in the exam. Keeping this in mind, try to attempt past year papers and questions from other reference material and try to frame long answers. Each of these long answers should have an introduction, body and conclusion. Aim for about 150-200 words spread across 3-4 paragraphs.
Formats for Writing Section
How to Write an Article Step by Step-
Eye catching Title – This is the most important part of your article. Give your article a title that catches the attention of the reader. If you choose a topic burning It should be relevant to the.
Beginning – Begin your article with a quotation or popular poetic line that supports your topic most relevantly. Let the readers be satisfied that you are going to write something new and relevant.
Content- A vast ground for your creativity comprising reasons, effects, present state of affairs, etc. This part must include:
Quotes by well-known people
References from media (film, television, radio)
Definitions of the terms you are using.
Quotes and illustrations on the subject you are writing.
Helpful tools, resources or products (if many, consider creating a sidebar)
References to local venues or events (if for a regional/local publication).
Note - Good vocabulary, grammatical knowledge, Creativity and Subject knowledge are the integral parts of Article writing
Conclusion- Conclude with your strongest point. Use short and humourous sentences , leave at least one questions to provide a required effect on the reader’s mind.
Format/ Layout of Article Writing-
By- name of the author
Para I: Introduction –
Para II: Content -Causes, effects, present state of affairs, etc.
Para III: Conclusion -Draw solutions and conclusions
Marking Scheme- CBSE Board session 2018-19 (08 marks)
Title – 1 mark
Accuracy- 2 marks
Content- 5 marks
A notice is the most common method of communication which gives information regarding an important event that is about to take place. A notice conveys information in a very precise manner. With the help of a notice, information is displayed publicly for others to know and follow.
Name of the institution
The word “NOTICE”
Proper heading /title
Relevant content: should clearly state the nature and purpose of the event.
The content should answer these questions
-additional details if any
-Contact details of the organizer or contact person
Name of the issuing authority
Note: The notice should always be inside a box. The title of the notice should not only be catchy but also be indicative of the purpose of the notice. You could either mention the name of the event or something catchy to draw the attention of target audience. For example, Meeting of the Nature club, Attention music lovers!
Diary is a kind of personal document. It records an individual’s account of a day of his/her life.
Top left- Date, day and time.
Tense Most frequently used- Simple past, Present perfect and future.
First person application.
Begin the entry with general sentence describing the day or momentary feelings.
In the body, you may discuss an event, your feelings towards it. How it is likely to affect your future plans.
Conclude with final remark and future course of action.
E-mail, also known as Electronic Mail is a method of exchanging digital messages across internet or other computer networks. It is the quickest way to communicate in writing.
E-mail messages consist of two major sections:
1. Header consisting of- subject, sender, receiver, date and time.
2. Body which contains the message. It can be formal/informal letter depending on the purpose
Tips on composing E-mails:
It should be brief
It should give a clue to the content of the message
It need not be a complete sentence
Dear Sir/first name of the person
Begin with a pleasantry or greeting
When replying a message- Thank you for your message/ I received your message
Clarity and tone
When you expect a reply-‘Please let me know’
When you want help-‘please’ or ‘kindly’
Each main idea should be in a separate paragraph.
Use complete sentence. Do not use SMS language.
FORMAT OF AN E-MAIL
Informal Letter Writing
Informal letters are the letters written to friends, parents, relatives and acquaintances.
<Body of the letter>
Formal Letter Writing
In English there are a number of conventions that should be used when writing a formal letter. Furthermore, you must write as simply and as clearly as possible, and not to make the letter longer than necessary. Remember not to use informal language like contractions.
It is very important, therefore, that your letters have the desired effect on the reader. In order to achieve this, they should be:
In the correct format
Short and to the point
Free of any grammatical or spelling mistakes
Polite, even if you’re complaining
24, Park Street
5th September, 2018
The Deccan Chronicle
Body of the letter:
2. Main Content
To express views before the public.
Salutation or greeting
Disclosure of topic
Narration of facts, presentation of data, relevant examples, etc.
Sensible deviation from the topic
Draw conclusion in an innovative and imaginative way.
What is debate?
A debate is a formal discussion, or an argument on a subject on which people have different opinion.
POINTS TO REMEMBER::
Always focus on the topic that needs to be addressed or discussed.
Avoid any kind of offensive words and be polite.
Avoid any kind of repetition and see that there is variety in your expression of ideas.
Do not forget to mention either FOR or AGAINST the motion. Be convincing in what you write.
And take both the sides.
To show skill and ability in arguing.
Salutation-‘Respected chairperson, honourable judges and all present…’.
Introduction- views for/against-topic.
Body- views, facts, Contradiction of opponent’s argument, rebutting the statement, questions etc.
Conclusion- clarification of stand made.
I’d like to raise/the question/argue…..
In my opinion………..
Nothing could be more illogical than
I feel very strongly that…….
I would like to draw attention to…..
I fail to understand…….
I submit that…….
May I ask all present…….
I strongly oppose……..
On the contrary…….
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