12. RE-ISSUE OF FOREITED SHARES
A forfeited share is merely a share available to the company for sale and remains vested in the company for that purpose only. Reissue of forfeited shares is not allotment of shares but only a sale.
The share, after forfeiture, in the hands of the company is subject to an obligation to dispose it of. In practice, forfeited shares are disposed off by auction. These shares can be re-issued at any price so long as the total amount received (from the original allottee and the second purchaser) for those shares is not less than the amount in arrear on those shares.
Accounting Entries :
12.1 POINTS FOR CONSIDERATION
In connection with re-issue, the following points are important:
1. Loss on re-issue should not exceed the forfeited amount.
2. If the loss on re-issue is less than the amount forfeited, the surplus should be transferred to Capital Reserve.
3. The forfeited amount on shares (amount originally paid-up) not yet reissued should be shown under the heading ‘share capital.’
4. When only a portion of the forfeited shares are re-issued, then the profit made on reissue of such shares must be transferred to Capital Reserve.
5. When the shares are re-issued at a loss, such loss is to be debited to "Forfeited Shares Account".
6. If the shares are re-issued at a price which is more than the face value of the shares, the excess amount will be credited to Securities Premium Account.
7. If the re-issued amount and forfeited amount (taken together) exceeds the face value of the shares re-issued, it is not necessary to transfer such amount to Securities Premium Account.
12.2 CALCULATION OF PROFIT ON RE-ISSUE OF FORFEITED SHARES
Students will appreciate that the credit balance of forfeited shares account cannot be considered a surplus until the shares forfeited have been re-issued, because the company may, on re-issue, allow the discount to the new purchaser equivalent to the amount held in credit in this regard in the forfeited shares Account. Suppose 120 shares of a nominal value of Rs 10 have been forfeited upon which Rs 5 per share was paid up and transferred to Forfeited Share Account. Afterwards, 50 shares are re-issued, Rs 6 per share being collected to make them fully paid up; Rs 200 out of shares forfeited will be credited to Share Capital Account to make up the deficiency on re-issued shares, and Rs 50 will be transferred to the Capital Reserve Account being the surplus on re-issue of the 50 shares. It would have in the Forfeited shares Account balance equivalent to the amount collected on the remaining 70 forfeited shares which will be carried forward till these are re-issued.
In the above case, it has been assumed that the amount paid up on all the 120 forfeited shares was Rs 5 per share. But in practice, shares may be forfeited on which varying amounts are out-standing.
For instance, if in the above case 70 shares were forfeited with Rs 5 paid up thereon and 50 shares with Rs 7.50 was paid up thereon, the credit in the forfeited Shares Account would be Rs 725. The amount to be credited to Capital Reserve will depend on the lot of shares re-issued; it will be Rs 175 if the shares are those on which Rs 7.50 was originally paid.
Mr. Long who was the holder of 200 preference shares of Rs 100 each, on which Rs 75 per share has been called up could not pay his dues on Allotment and First call each at Rs 25 per share. The Directors forfeited the above shares and reissued 150 of such shares to Mr. Short at Rs 65 per share paid-up as Rs75 per share.
Give Journal Entries to record the above forfeiture and re-issue in the books of the company.
(1) calculation of amount to be transferred to capital reserve
Transferred to capital Reserve Rs 15 x 150 = Rs 2,250. Rs 25 x 50 = Rs 1,250 should be shown as an addition to share capital.
Beautiful Co. Ltd issued 3,000 equity shares of Rs10 each payable as Rs 3 per share on Application, Rs 5 per share (including Rs 2 as premium) on Allotment and Rs 4 per share on Call. All the shares were subscribed. Money due on all shares was fully received excepting Ram, holding 50 shares, failed to pay the Allotment and Call money and Shyam, holding 100 shares, failed to pay the Call Money. All those 150 shares were forfeited. Of the shares forfeited, 125 shares (including whole of RamRss shares) were subsequently re-issued to Jadu as fully paid up at a discount of Rs 2 per share.
Pass the necessary entries in the Journal of the company to record the forfeiture and re-issue of the share. Also prepare the Balance Sheet of the company.
In the books of beautiful co. Ltd.
|Equity Share Capital A/c (150 x Rs 10)||Dr.||1,500|
|Securities Premium A/c (50 x Rs 2)||Dr.||100|
|To Equity Share Allotment A/c (50 X Rs 5)||250|
|To Equity Share Call A/c (150 X Rs 4)||600|
|To Forfeited Shares A/c||750|
|(Being forfeiture of 150 equity shares for nonpayment of allotment and call money on 50 shares and for non-payment of call money on 100 shares as per Board’s Resolution No…..dated ….)|
|Forfeited Shares A/c||Dr.||250|
|To Equity Share Capital A/c||1,250|
|(Being re-issue of 125 shares @Rs8 each as per Board’s Resolution No…..dated….)|
|Forfeited Shares A/c||Dr.||350|
|To Capital Reserve A/c||350|
|(Being profit on re-issue transferred to Capital Reserve)|
Balance Sheet of Beautiful Limited as at……
Notes to accounts
Working Note : (1) calculation of amount to be transferred to capital reserve
A holds 200 shares of Rs10 each on which he has paid Rs 2 as application money. B holds 400 shares of Rs 10 each on which he has paid Rs 2 per share as application money and Rs 3 per share as allotment money. C holds 300 shares of Rs10 each and has paid Rs 2 on application, Rs 3 on allotment and Rs3 for the first call. They all fail to pay their arrears on the second and final call of Rs 2 per share and the directors, therefore, forfeited their shares. The shares are re-issued subsequently for Rs 12 per share fully paid-up. Journalise the transactions relating to the forfeiture and re-issue.
|Share Capital A/c (900 x Rs10)||Dr.||9,000|
|To Share Allotment A/c||600|
|To Share First Call A/c||1,800|
|To Share Final Call A/c||1,800|
|To Forfeited Shares A/c||4,800|
|(Being forfeiture of 900 shares of Rs10 each for non-payment of allotment, first and final call money as per Board’s Resolution No…..dated….)|
|Bank A/c (900 x Rs 12)||Dr.||10,800|
|To Share Capital A/c||9,000|
|To Securities Premium A/c||1,800|
|(Being the re-issue of 900 shares of Rs10 each @ Rs12 as per Board’s Resolution No…..dated…)|
|Forfeited Shares A/c||Dr.||4,800|
|To Capital Reserve A/c||4,800|
|(Being profit on re-issue transferred to Capital Reserve).|
Working Note :
Money Not Received On
B Ltd. issued 20,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 2 per share payable as follows: on application Rs 5; on allotment Rs 5 (including premium); on final call Rs 2. Applications were received for 24,000 shares. Letters of regret were issued to applicants for 4,000 shares and were allotted to all the other applicants. Mr. A, the holder of 150 shares, failed to pay the allotment and call money, the shares were forfeited. Show the Journal Entries and Cash Book in the books of B Ltd.
In the books of b Ltd.
cash book (bank column only)
Tutorial Note : Here, securities premium on forfeited shares has not been realised, so Securities Premium Account will be debited at the time of forfeiture of these shares.
13. ISSUE OF SHARES FOR CONSIDERATION OTHER THAN CASH
Public limited companies, generally, issue their shares for cash and use such cash to buy the various types of assets needed in the business. Sometimes, however, a company may issue shares in a direct exchange for land, buildings or other assets. Shares may also be issued in payment for services rendered by promoters, lawyers in the formation of the company. These shares should be shown separately under the heading RsShare CapitalRs.
Within specified time of allotment, the company must produce before the Registrar a written contract of sale of service in respect of which shares have been allotted.
(a) When assets are purchased in exchange of shares
(b) When shares are issued to promoters
X Co. Ltd. was incorporated with an authorized share capital of 1,00,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each. The directors decided to allot 10,000 shares credited as fully paid to the promoters for their services.
The company also purchased land and buildings from Y Co. Ltd for Rs 4,00,000 payable in fully paid-up shares of the company. The balance of the shares were issued to the public, which were fully subscribed and paid for.
You are required to pass Journal Entries and to prepare the Balance Sheet.
balance Sheet of x company Limited as at….
Notes to accounts