Manufacturing Industries Chapter 6
points to remember..
1. Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more
valuable products is called manufacturing.
2. Public sector industries were set up to eradicate unemployment, poverty and bring
down regional disparities from our country.
3. Manufacturing sector contributes 17 % of GDP.
4 In order to compete in the international market our industry needs to be more
efficient, competitive and produce good quality goods.
5. The most dominant factor of industrial location is the least cost.
6· Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by
the urban centres known as agglomeration economies.
7· The main objective of the National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council (NMCC)
is to achieve the desired 12% growth rate and improve industrial productivity.
8· The first successful cotton textile mill was established in Mumbai in 1854.
9· India exports yarn to Japan. India exports cotton goods to U.S.A., U.K. and Russia.
10· India is the second largest exporter of jute products after Bangladesh.
11· The first jute mill was set up near Kolkata in 1859.
12· The National Jute Policy was formulated in 2005 to increase productivity, quality,
good prices and the yield of jute.
13· The growing global concern for environment friendly, biodegradable materials has
once again opened the opportunity for jute products.
14· India is the second largest producer of sugar in the world.
15· The sugar industry is seasonal in nature so, it is ideally suited to the cooperative
16· The iron and steel Industry is called the basic industry because all the other
industries depend on it for their machinery.
17· Iron and steel is called a heavy industry because all the raw materials as well as
finished goods are heavy and bulky. It involves heavy transportation costs.
18· The raw material needed to produce the steel are Iron ore, coking coal and lime
stone in the ratio of approximately 4: 2: 1. And some quantities of Manganese.
19· India ranks ninth among the world crude steel producers.
20· All public sector undertakings market their steel through, Steel Authority of India
21· In 2004 India was the largest exporter of steel in the world.
22· To produce one ton of Aluminium 4 to 6 tons of bauxite is needed.
23· Aluminium smelting is the second most important metallurgical industry in India.
24· Cryolite is a molten metal which is used as an electrolyte to produce Aluminium.
25· 18,600 Kwh of electricity is needed to produce 1 ton of Aluminium.
26· The chemical industry is its own largest consumer.
27· Fertiliser Corporation of India (FCI) in Hazira Gujarat is the only fertilizer plant in
28· Fertilizer industry expanded after the introduction of Green Revolution.
29· The cement industry is concentrated in Gujarat because it has suitable access to the
market in the Gulf countries for the export of cement.
30· The first cement plant was set up in Chennai in 1904.
31· Bangalore city is known as the electronic capital of India.
32· The software technology parks provide single window service and high data
communication facility to software experts.
33· Industries are responsible for four types of pollution: Air, Water, Land and Noise.
34· Every litre of waste water discharged by our industry pollutes eight times the
quantity of freshwater.