Important Questions : Government Budget & the Economy Class 12 Notes | EduRev

Class 12 : Important Questions : Government Budget & the Economy Class 12 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


91 XII ?  Economics
AK
UNIT 9
GOVERNMENT BUDGET AND THE
ECONOMY
POINTS TO REMEMBER
q Budget is a financial statement showing the expected receipt and expenditure
of Govt. for the coming fiscal or financial year.
q Main objectives of budget are :
(i) Reallocation of resources. (ii) Redistribution of income and wealth
(iii) Economic stability (iv) Management of public enterprises.
q There are two components of budget :
(a) Revenue budget (b) Capital budget
q Revenue Budget consists of revenue receipts of Govt. and expenditure met
from such revenue.
q Capital budget consists of capital receipts and capital expenditure.
Page 2


91 XII ?  Economics
AK
UNIT 9
GOVERNMENT BUDGET AND THE
ECONOMY
POINTS TO REMEMBER
q Budget is a financial statement showing the expected receipt and expenditure
of Govt. for the coming fiscal or financial year.
q Main objectives of budget are :
(i) Reallocation of resources. (ii) Redistribution of income and wealth
(iii) Economic stability (iv) Management of public enterprises.
q There are two components of budget :
(a) Revenue budget (b) Capital budget
q Revenue Budget consists of revenue receipts of Govt. and expenditure met
from such revenue.
q Capital budget consists of capital receipts and capital expenditure.
92 XII ?  Economics
AK
q Revenue Receipts :
(i) Neither creates liabilities for Govt.
(ii) Nor causes any reduction in assets.
q Capital Receipts :
(i) It creates liabilities or (ii) It reduces assets.
q Revenue Expenditure :
(i) Neither creates assets (ii) Nor reduces liabilities
q Capital Expenditure :
(i) It creates assets (ii) It reduces liabilities.
q Revenue Deficit : Total revenue expenditure > Total revenue receipts
q Revenue deficit when total revenue expenditure excess total revenue
receipts.
q Implications of Revenue Deficit are :
(i) It leads to repayment burden in future without investment.
(ii) It shows wasteful expenditures of Govt. on administration.
(iii) It increase the burden of taxes.
q Fiscal Deficit : Total expenditures > Total Receipts excluding borrowing.
q Fiscal deficit : When total expenditure exceeds total receipts excluding
borrowing.
q Implications of Fiscal Deficits are :
(i) It leads to inflationary pressure.
(ii) A country has to face debt trap.
(iii) It reduces future growth and development.
Page 3


91 XII ?  Economics
AK
UNIT 9
GOVERNMENT BUDGET AND THE
ECONOMY
POINTS TO REMEMBER
q Budget is a financial statement showing the expected receipt and expenditure
of Govt. for the coming fiscal or financial year.
q Main objectives of budget are :
(i) Reallocation of resources. (ii) Redistribution of income and wealth
(iii) Economic stability (iv) Management of public enterprises.
q There are two components of budget :
(a) Revenue budget (b) Capital budget
q Revenue Budget consists of revenue receipts of Govt. and expenditure met
from such revenue.
q Capital budget consists of capital receipts and capital expenditure.
92 XII ?  Economics
AK
q Revenue Receipts :
(i) Neither creates liabilities for Govt.
(ii) Nor causes any reduction in assets.
q Capital Receipts :
(i) It creates liabilities or (ii) It reduces assets.
q Revenue Expenditure :
(i) Neither creates assets (ii) Nor reduces liabilities
q Capital Expenditure :
(i) It creates assets (ii) It reduces liabilities.
q Revenue Deficit : Total revenue expenditure > Total revenue receipts
q Revenue deficit when total revenue expenditure excess total revenue
receipts.
q Implications of Revenue Deficit are :
(i) It leads to repayment burden in future without investment.
(ii) It shows wasteful expenditures of Govt. on administration.
(iii) It increase the burden of taxes.
q Fiscal Deficit : Total expenditures > Total Receipts excluding borrowing.
q Fiscal deficit : When total expenditure exceeds total receipts excluding
borrowing.
q Implications of Fiscal Deficits are :
(i) It leads to inflationary pressure.
(ii) A country has to face debt trap.
(iii) It reduces future growth and development.
93 XII ?  Economics
AK
q Primary Deficit : Fiscal deficit ? Interest payments.
q Primary Deficit : By deducting Interest payment from fiscal deficit we get
primary deficit.
q Budgetary Deficit : Total Expenditure > Total Receipts.
q Budgetary Deficit : Total expenditure exceeds total receipts.
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (1 MARK)
1. Define Budget.
2. What is meant by non-tax receipts?
3. What are revenue receipts?
4. What are capital receipts?
5. Give two examples of non-tax revenue receipts.
6. What are the two sources of capital receipts?
7. Define revenue deficit.
8. Define fiscal deficit.
9. Why is repayment of loan a capital expenditure?
10. Why is recovery of loan treated a capital receipt?
11. What is a balanced budget.
12. Define capital expenditure.
13. In a Govt. Budget primary deficit is Rs. 25,000 Cr. and interest payments
are Rs. 15,000 Cr. How much is the fiscal deficit?
14. Define a Tax.
15. What is Direct Tax
16. Define Primary Deficity
H.O.T.S.
17. What are Budget Receipts?
18. In a Govt. Budget, revenue deficit is Rs. 8,00,000 Cr. and borrowings are
Rs. 50,000 Cr. How much is the fiscal deficit?
19. What is disinvestment?
20. What does zero primary deficit mean?
Page 4


91 XII ?  Economics
AK
UNIT 9
GOVERNMENT BUDGET AND THE
ECONOMY
POINTS TO REMEMBER
q Budget is a financial statement showing the expected receipt and expenditure
of Govt. for the coming fiscal or financial year.
q Main objectives of budget are :
(i) Reallocation of resources. (ii) Redistribution of income and wealth
(iii) Economic stability (iv) Management of public enterprises.
q There are two components of budget :
(a) Revenue budget (b) Capital budget
q Revenue Budget consists of revenue receipts of Govt. and expenditure met
from such revenue.
q Capital budget consists of capital receipts and capital expenditure.
92 XII ?  Economics
AK
q Revenue Receipts :
(i) Neither creates liabilities for Govt.
(ii) Nor causes any reduction in assets.
q Capital Receipts :
(i) It creates liabilities or (ii) It reduces assets.
q Revenue Expenditure :
(i) Neither creates assets (ii) Nor reduces liabilities
q Capital Expenditure :
(i) It creates assets (ii) It reduces liabilities.
q Revenue Deficit : Total revenue expenditure > Total revenue receipts
q Revenue deficit when total revenue expenditure excess total revenue
receipts.
q Implications of Revenue Deficit are :
(i) It leads to repayment burden in future without investment.
(ii) It shows wasteful expenditures of Govt. on administration.
(iii) It increase the burden of taxes.
q Fiscal Deficit : Total expenditures > Total Receipts excluding borrowing.
q Fiscal deficit : When total expenditure exceeds total receipts excluding
borrowing.
q Implications of Fiscal Deficits are :
(i) It leads to inflationary pressure.
(ii) A country has to face debt trap.
(iii) It reduces future growth and development.
93 XII ?  Economics
AK
q Primary Deficit : Fiscal deficit ? Interest payments.
q Primary Deficit : By deducting Interest payment from fiscal deficit we get
primary deficit.
q Budgetary Deficit : Total Expenditure > Total Receipts.
q Budgetary Deficit : Total expenditure exceeds total receipts.
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (1 MARK)
1. Define Budget.
2. What is meant by non-tax receipts?
3. What are revenue receipts?
4. What are capital receipts?
5. Give two examples of non-tax revenue receipts.
6. What are the two sources of capital receipts?
7. Define revenue deficit.
8. Define fiscal deficit.
9. Why is repayment of loan a capital expenditure?
10. Why is recovery of loan treated a capital receipt?
11. What is a balanced budget.
12. Define capital expenditure.
13. In a Govt. Budget primary deficit is Rs. 25,000 Cr. and interest payments
are Rs. 15,000 Cr. How much is the fiscal deficit?
14. Define a Tax.
15. What is Direct Tax
16. Define Primary Deficity
H.O.T.S.
17. What are Budget Receipts?
18. In a Govt. Budget, revenue deficit is Rs. 8,00,000 Cr. and borrowings are
Rs. 50,000 Cr. How much is the fiscal deficit?
19. What is disinvestment?
20. What does zero primary deficit mean?
94 XII ?  Economics
AK
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (3-4 MARKS)
1. Explain the allocation of resources objective of Govt. budget.
2. What is the difference between revenue budget and capital budget?
3. What is meant by revenue receipts? Explain the components of revenue
receipts of the Govt.
4. Distinguish between direct tax and indirect tax.
5. What do you mean by capital receipts? What are the main components of
the capital receipts?
6. Give the meaning of revenue deficit and fiscal deficit. What problems can
the fiscal deficit create?
7. What is fiscal deficit? What are its implications?
8. Distinguish between revenue expenditure and capital expenditure with an
example of each.
9. Explain the ?redistribution of income? objective of Govt. budget.
10. Explain the ?Economic stability? objective of Govt. budget.
HOTS (3-4 MARKS)
11. Under which situations deficit budget is beneficial for the economy.
12. Are fiscal deficits necessarily inflationary? Give reasons in support of your
view.
13. Discuss the issue of deficit reduction.
14. How can surplus budget be used during inflation.
15. Giving reasons, classify the following as direct and indirect taxes.
(i) Entertainment tax (ii) Corporation tax
(iii) Excise tax (iv) Capital gains tax.
Page 5


91 XII ?  Economics
AK
UNIT 9
GOVERNMENT BUDGET AND THE
ECONOMY
POINTS TO REMEMBER
q Budget is a financial statement showing the expected receipt and expenditure
of Govt. for the coming fiscal or financial year.
q Main objectives of budget are :
(i) Reallocation of resources. (ii) Redistribution of income and wealth
(iii) Economic stability (iv) Management of public enterprises.
q There are two components of budget :
(a) Revenue budget (b) Capital budget
q Revenue Budget consists of revenue receipts of Govt. and expenditure met
from such revenue.
q Capital budget consists of capital receipts and capital expenditure.
92 XII ?  Economics
AK
q Revenue Receipts :
(i) Neither creates liabilities for Govt.
(ii) Nor causes any reduction in assets.
q Capital Receipts :
(i) It creates liabilities or (ii) It reduces assets.
q Revenue Expenditure :
(i) Neither creates assets (ii) Nor reduces liabilities
q Capital Expenditure :
(i) It creates assets (ii) It reduces liabilities.
q Revenue Deficit : Total revenue expenditure > Total revenue receipts
q Revenue deficit when total revenue expenditure excess total revenue
receipts.
q Implications of Revenue Deficit are :
(i) It leads to repayment burden in future without investment.
(ii) It shows wasteful expenditures of Govt. on administration.
(iii) It increase the burden of taxes.
q Fiscal Deficit : Total expenditures > Total Receipts excluding borrowing.
q Fiscal deficit : When total expenditure exceeds total receipts excluding
borrowing.
q Implications of Fiscal Deficits are :
(i) It leads to inflationary pressure.
(ii) A country has to face debt trap.
(iii) It reduces future growth and development.
93 XII ?  Economics
AK
q Primary Deficit : Fiscal deficit ? Interest payments.
q Primary Deficit : By deducting Interest payment from fiscal deficit we get
primary deficit.
q Budgetary Deficit : Total Expenditure > Total Receipts.
q Budgetary Deficit : Total expenditure exceeds total receipts.
VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (1 MARK)
1. Define Budget.
2. What is meant by non-tax receipts?
3. What are revenue receipts?
4. What are capital receipts?
5. Give two examples of non-tax revenue receipts.
6. What are the two sources of capital receipts?
7. Define revenue deficit.
8. Define fiscal deficit.
9. Why is repayment of loan a capital expenditure?
10. Why is recovery of loan treated a capital receipt?
11. What is a balanced budget.
12. Define capital expenditure.
13. In a Govt. Budget primary deficit is Rs. 25,000 Cr. and interest payments
are Rs. 15,000 Cr. How much is the fiscal deficit?
14. Define a Tax.
15. What is Direct Tax
16. Define Primary Deficity
H.O.T.S.
17. What are Budget Receipts?
18. In a Govt. Budget, revenue deficit is Rs. 8,00,000 Cr. and borrowings are
Rs. 50,000 Cr. How much is the fiscal deficit?
19. What is disinvestment?
20. What does zero primary deficit mean?
94 XII ?  Economics
AK
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (3-4 MARKS)
1. Explain the allocation of resources objective of Govt. budget.
2. What is the difference between revenue budget and capital budget?
3. What is meant by revenue receipts? Explain the components of revenue
receipts of the Govt.
4. Distinguish between direct tax and indirect tax.
5. What do you mean by capital receipts? What are the main components of
the capital receipts?
6. Give the meaning of revenue deficit and fiscal deficit. What problems can
the fiscal deficit create?
7. What is fiscal deficit? What are its implications?
8. Distinguish between revenue expenditure and capital expenditure with an
example of each.
9. Explain the ?redistribution of income? objective of Govt. budget.
10. Explain the ?Economic stability? objective of Govt. budget.
HOTS (3-4 MARKS)
11. Under which situations deficit budget is beneficial for the economy.
12. Are fiscal deficits necessarily inflationary? Give reasons in support of your
view.
13. Discuss the issue of deficit reduction.
14. How can surplus budget be used during inflation.
15. Giving reasons, classify the following as direct and indirect taxes.
(i) Entertainment tax (ii) Corporation tax
(iii) Excise tax (iv) Capital gains tax.
95 XII ?  Economics
AK
16. From the following data about a government budget find (a) revenue deficit,
(b) fiscal deficit and (c) primary deficit.
(Rs. arab)
(i) Plan capital expenditure 120
(ii) Revenue expenditure 100
(iii) Non-plan capital expenditure 80
(iv) Revenue receipts 70
(v) Capital receipts net of borrowing 140
(vi) Interest payments 30
17. Distinguish between :
(i) Capital expenditure and Revenue expenditure
(ii) Fiscal deficit and Primary deficit.
18. Why the fiscal Deficit equal to borrowings.
ANSWERS
1 MARK QUESTIONS
1. Budget is a financial statement showing the estimated receipts and estimated
expenditure of the Govt. for coming fiscal year.
2. All the revenue receipt of Govt. other than tax receipts.
3. Revenue receipts are those receipts which neither creates liabilities for
Govt. nor cause any reduction in assets.
4. Capital receipts are those receipts which either creates a liability or leads
to reduction in assets.
5. Interest, Fee.
6. Borrowings, Recovery of loans.
7. When total revenue expenditure exceeds total revenue receipts.
8. When total expenditure exceeds total receipts excluding borrowing.
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