Important Questions - Consumer Protection Class 12 Notes | EduRev

Class 12 : Important Questions - Consumer Protection Class 12 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


 
CHAPTER - 12 
 
CONSUMER PROTECTION          6 Marks 
 
Class XI Syllabus Linkage:    
 
Manufacturer?Wholesaler?Retailer?Consumer?Protection 
 
CONCEPT MAPPING: 
• Concept and Importance of consumer protection 
• Consumer Protection Act 1986  
 Meaning of consumer and consumer protection. 
 Rights and Responsibilities of consumers. 
 Who can file a complaint and against whom? 
 Redressal machinery. 
 Remedies available 
• Consumer awareness - Role of consumer organization and NGO’s 
 
KEY CONCEPTS IN NUTSHELL 
Meaning: Consumer protection refers to protecting the consumer against anti-
consumer trade practices by the producers or sellers. 
IMPORTANCE OF CONSUMER PROTECTION: 
1. Business is a means of human welfare 
2. Growth with social justice 
3. Single vs Multiple objectives 
4. Stake holders of society / moral justification. 
5. Power centre / social responsibility 
6. Self interest 
7. Ethical obligations 
8. Public support 
9. Consumer is the purpose of the business long-term interest of business 
 
Page 2


 
CHAPTER - 12 
 
CONSUMER PROTECTION          6 Marks 
 
Class XI Syllabus Linkage:    
 
Manufacturer?Wholesaler?Retailer?Consumer?Protection 
 
CONCEPT MAPPING: 
• Concept and Importance of consumer protection 
• Consumer Protection Act 1986  
 Meaning of consumer and consumer protection. 
 Rights and Responsibilities of consumers. 
 Who can file a complaint and against whom? 
 Redressal machinery. 
 Remedies available 
• Consumer awareness - Role of consumer organization and NGO’s 
 
KEY CONCEPTS IN NUTSHELL 
Meaning: Consumer protection refers to protecting the consumer against anti-
consumer trade practices by the producers or sellers. 
IMPORTANCE OF CONSUMER PROTECTION: 
1. Business is a means of human welfare 
2. Growth with social justice 
3. Single vs Multiple objectives 
4. Stake holders of society / moral justification. 
5. Power centre / social responsibility 
6. Self interest 
7. Ethical obligations 
8. Public support 
9. Consumer is the purpose of the business long-term interest of business 
 
 
CONSUMER RIGHTS: 
1. Right to safety 
2. Right to be informed 
3. Right to choose 
4. Right to be heard 
5. Right to seek Redressal 
6. Right to Consumer Education 
CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT 1986: 
a) Under this  Act, remedies available to consumers are as follows : 
1. Removal of Defects 
2. Replacement of Goods 
3. Refund of Price 
4. Award of compensation 
5. Removal of Deficiency in service 
6. Discontinuous of unfair / Restrictive Trade practice 
CONSUMER RESPONSIBILITIES 
1. Consumer must exercise his rights: They must be aware of their rights while 
buying. 
2. Consmers should buy only standard goods like ISI/AGMARK goods only. 
3. Filing complaint for the redressal of genuine grievances. 
4. Consumer must be quality conscious / should not compromise on quality. 
5. Consumers shluld learn the risks associated with products and services. 
6. Do not forget to get receipt and Guarantee / Warranty Card. 
7. Consumers should read labels carefully. 
8. Consumers should be honest in their dealings.  They should buy only legal boods. 
9. Consumers should respect environment.  Avoid waste, littering and contributing 
to pollution. 
10. Consumers should form consumer societies. 
 
 
Page 3


 
CHAPTER - 12 
 
CONSUMER PROTECTION          6 Marks 
 
Class XI Syllabus Linkage:    
 
Manufacturer?Wholesaler?Retailer?Consumer?Protection 
 
CONCEPT MAPPING: 
• Concept and Importance of consumer protection 
• Consumer Protection Act 1986  
 Meaning of consumer and consumer protection. 
 Rights and Responsibilities of consumers. 
 Who can file a complaint and against whom? 
 Redressal machinery. 
 Remedies available 
• Consumer awareness - Role of consumer organization and NGO’s 
 
KEY CONCEPTS IN NUTSHELL 
Meaning: Consumer protection refers to protecting the consumer against anti-
consumer trade practices by the producers or sellers. 
IMPORTANCE OF CONSUMER PROTECTION: 
1. Business is a means of human welfare 
2. Growth with social justice 
3. Single vs Multiple objectives 
4. Stake holders of society / moral justification. 
5. Power centre / social responsibility 
6. Self interest 
7. Ethical obligations 
8. Public support 
9. Consumer is the purpose of the business long-term interest of business 
 
 
CONSUMER RIGHTS: 
1. Right to safety 
2. Right to be informed 
3. Right to choose 
4. Right to be heard 
5. Right to seek Redressal 
6. Right to Consumer Education 
CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT 1986: 
a) Under this  Act, remedies available to consumers are as follows : 
1. Removal of Defects 
2. Replacement of Goods 
3. Refund of Price 
4. Award of compensation 
5. Removal of Deficiency in service 
6. Discontinuous of unfair / Restrictive Trade practice 
CONSUMER RESPONSIBILITIES 
1. Consumer must exercise his rights: They must be aware of their rights while 
buying. 
2. Consmers should buy only standard goods like ISI/AGMARK goods only. 
3. Filing complaint for the redressal of genuine grievances. 
4. Consumer must be quality conscious / should not compromise on quality. 
5. Consumers shluld learn the risks associated with products and services. 
6. Do not forget to get receipt and Guarantee / Warranty Card. 
7. Consumers should read labels carefully. 
8. Consumers should be honest in their dealings.  They should buy only legal boods. 
9. Consumers should respect environment.  Avoid waste, littering and contributing 
to pollution. 
10. Consumers should form consumer societies. 
 
 
 
Ways and Means of Consumer protection 
a) Self regulation by business: Every firm insists to have a strong consumer base 
which means that more and still move people should buy their products. This is 
possible only when the consumers are fully satisfied with the products of the 
firm. 
b) Business Associations: Business associations prepare a code of conduct for 
businessmen. 
c) Consumer Awareness : Consumer should protect himself 
d) Consumer organizations: these organizations can force business firms to avoid 
malpractices and exploitation of consumers. 
e) Government: Interests of the consumers are protected by the government by 
enacting various legislations. Consumer protection Act 1986 is an important 
legislation by the government to provide protection to the affected consumer. 
Various remedies available to the consumers for redressing their grievances 
under the consumer protection Act 1986. 
a) District forum: According to consumer protection Act state government can set 
up one or more district forum in each district. 
1) District forum hears disputes involving a sum upto Rs. 20 Lacs. 
2) It can file appeal against it with the state commission within 30 days. 
b) State commission:  
c) 1) State commission redresses grievances involving a sum exceeds Rs. 20 lacs 
and upto Rs. 1 crore. 
2) It can file an appeal before the national commission within 30 days. 
d) National commission : 
e)  1) It is appointed by the Central Government 
2) It has the jurisdiction to hear complaints involving a sum exceeding Rs. 1 
crore. 
3) It can file an appeal with the Supreme Court within 30 days 
ROLE of Consumer Organisations and Non-Government Organisations (NGO’s) 
1. Education Consumers 
2. Collecting data on different products and Testing them 
3. Filing suit on belief if consumers 
Page 4


 
CHAPTER - 12 
 
CONSUMER PROTECTION          6 Marks 
 
Class XI Syllabus Linkage:    
 
Manufacturer?Wholesaler?Retailer?Consumer?Protection 
 
CONCEPT MAPPING: 
• Concept and Importance of consumer protection 
• Consumer Protection Act 1986  
 Meaning of consumer and consumer protection. 
 Rights and Responsibilities of consumers. 
 Who can file a complaint and against whom? 
 Redressal machinery. 
 Remedies available 
• Consumer awareness - Role of consumer organization and NGO’s 
 
KEY CONCEPTS IN NUTSHELL 
Meaning: Consumer protection refers to protecting the consumer against anti-
consumer trade practices by the producers or sellers. 
IMPORTANCE OF CONSUMER PROTECTION: 
1. Business is a means of human welfare 
2. Growth with social justice 
3. Single vs Multiple objectives 
4. Stake holders of society / moral justification. 
5. Power centre / social responsibility 
6. Self interest 
7. Ethical obligations 
8. Public support 
9. Consumer is the purpose of the business long-term interest of business 
 
 
CONSUMER RIGHTS: 
1. Right to safety 
2. Right to be informed 
3. Right to choose 
4. Right to be heard 
5. Right to seek Redressal 
6. Right to Consumer Education 
CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT 1986: 
a) Under this  Act, remedies available to consumers are as follows : 
1. Removal of Defects 
2. Replacement of Goods 
3. Refund of Price 
4. Award of compensation 
5. Removal of Deficiency in service 
6. Discontinuous of unfair / Restrictive Trade practice 
CONSUMER RESPONSIBILITIES 
1. Consumer must exercise his rights: They must be aware of their rights while 
buying. 
2. Consmers should buy only standard goods like ISI/AGMARK goods only. 
3. Filing complaint for the redressal of genuine grievances. 
4. Consumer must be quality conscious / should not compromise on quality. 
5. Consumers shluld learn the risks associated with products and services. 
6. Do not forget to get receipt and Guarantee / Warranty Card. 
7. Consumers should read labels carefully. 
8. Consumers should be honest in their dealings.  They should buy only legal boods. 
9. Consumers should respect environment.  Avoid waste, littering and contributing 
to pollution. 
10. Consumers should form consumer societies. 
 
 
 
Ways and Means of Consumer protection 
a) Self regulation by business: Every firm insists to have a strong consumer base 
which means that more and still move people should buy their products. This is 
possible only when the consumers are fully satisfied with the products of the 
firm. 
b) Business Associations: Business associations prepare a code of conduct for 
businessmen. 
c) Consumer Awareness : Consumer should protect himself 
d) Consumer organizations: these organizations can force business firms to avoid 
malpractices and exploitation of consumers. 
e) Government: Interests of the consumers are protected by the government by 
enacting various legislations. Consumer protection Act 1986 is an important 
legislation by the government to provide protection to the affected consumer. 
Various remedies available to the consumers for redressing their grievances 
under the consumer protection Act 1986. 
a) District forum: According to consumer protection Act state government can set 
up one or more district forum in each district. 
1) District forum hears disputes involving a sum upto Rs. 20 Lacs. 
2) It can file appeal against it with the state commission within 30 days. 
b) State commission:  
c) 1) State commission redresses grievances involving a sum exceeds Rs. 20 lacs 
and upto Rs. 1 crore. 
2) It can file an appeal before the national commission within 30 days. 
d) National commission : 
e)  1) It is appointed by the Central Government 
2) It has the jurisdiction to hear complaints involving a sum exceeding Rs. 1 
crore. 
3) It can file an appeal with the Supreme Court within 30 days 
ROLE of Consumer Organisations and Non-Government Organisations (NGO’s) 
1. Education Consumers 
2. Collecting data on different products and Testing them 
3. Filing suit on belief if consumers 
 
4. Helping Educational institutions 
5. Promoting network of consumer association. 
6. Extending support to Government 
NGOs : Non-Government Organisations are those organizations which aim at promoting 
the welfare of the people with non-profit concept. They are taking up various aspects of 
consumer exploitation. 
a) Consumer co-coordinating councils 
b) Role of the press 
c) Role of Universities / Schools 
Legal protection to consumers: 
a) The Consumer Protection Act 1986 
b) The Contract Act 1982 
c) The Sale of Goods Act 1930 
d) The Essential Commodities Act 1955 
e) The Agricultural produce (Grading and Marketing) Act 1937 
f) The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act 1954 
g) The Standards of Weights and Measures Act 1976 
h) The Trade Marks Act 1999 
i) The Competition Act 2002 
j) The Bureau of Indian Standards Act 1986. 
Questions (with hints wherever necessary) 
1. Mention the act which provides protection to consumers.                               1M 
2. The scope of consumer protection act is very wide.  How?                             1M 
3. Mention one reason behind importance of consumer protection from consumer 
point of view.                                                                                                                               1M 
Page 5


 
CHAPTER - 12 
 
CONSUMER PROTECTION          6 Marks 
 
Class XI Syllabus Linkage:    
 
Manufacturer?Wholesaler?Retailer?Consumer?Protection 
 
CONCEPT MAPPING: 
• Concept and Importance of consumer protection 
• Consumer Protection Act 1986  
 Meaning of consumer and consumer protection. 
 Rights and Responsibilities of consumers. 
 Who can file a complaint and against whom? 
 Redressal machinery. 
 Remedies available 
• Consumer awareness - Role of consumer organization and NGO’s 
 
KEY CONCEPTS IN NUTSHELL 
Meaning: Consumer protection refers to protecting the consumer against anti-
consumer trade practices by the producers or sellers. 
IMPORTANCE OF CONSUMER PROTECTION: 
1. Business is a means of human welfare 
2. Growth with social justice 
3. Single vs Multiple objectives 
4. Stake holders of society / moral justification. 
5. Power centre / social responsibility 
6. Self interest 
7. Ethical obligations 
8. Public support 
9. Consumer is the purpose of the business long-term interest of business 
 
 
CONSUMER RIGHTS: 
1. Right to safety 
2. Right to be informed 
3. Right to choose 
4. Right to be heard 
5. Right to seek Redressal 
6. Right to Consumer Education 
CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT 1986: 
a) Under this  Act, remedies available to consumers are as follows : 
1. Removal of Defects 
2. Replacement of Goods 
3. Refund of Price 
4. Award of compensation 
5. Removal of Deficiency in service 
6. Discontinuous of unfair / Restrictive Trade practice 
CONSUMER RESPONSIBILITIES 
1. Consumer must exercise his rights: They must be aware of their rights while 
buying. 
2. Consmers should buy only standard goods like ISI/AGMARK goods only. 
3. Filing complaint for the redressal of genuine grievances. 
4. Consumer must be quality conscious / should not compromise on quality. 
5. Consumers shluld learn the risks associated with products and services. 
6. Do not forget to get receipt and Guarantee / Warranty Card. 
7. Consumers should read labels carefully. 
8. Consumers should be honest in their dealings.  They should buy only legal boods. 
9. Consumers should respect environment.  Avoid waste, littering and contributing 
to pollution. 
10. Consumers should form consumer societies. 
 
 
 
Ways and Means of Consumer protection 
a) Self regulation by business: Every firm insists to have a strong consumer base 
which means that more and still move people should buy their products. This is 
possible only when the consumers are fully satisfied with the products of the 
firm. 
b) Business Associations: Business associations prepare a code of conduct for 
businessmen. 
c) Consumer Awareness : Consumer should protect himself 
d) Consumer organizations: these organizations can force business firms to avoid 
malpractices and exploitation of consumers. 
e) Government: Interests of the consumers are protected by the government by 
enacting various legislations. Consumer protection Act 1986 is an important 
legislation by the government to provide protection to the affected consumer. 
Various remedies available to the consumers for redressing their grievances 
under the consumer protection Act 1986. 
a) District forum: According to consumer protection Act state government can set 
up one or more district forum in each district. 
1) District forum hears disputes involving a sum upto Rs. 20 Lacs. 
2) It can file appeal against it with the state commission within 30 days. 
b) State commission:  
c) 1) State commission redresses grievances involving a sum exceeds Rs. 20 lacs 
and upto Rs. 1 crore. 
2) It can file an appeal before the national commission within 30 days. 
d) National commission : 
e)  1) It is appointed by the Central Government 
2) It has the jurisdiction to hear complaints involving a sum exceeding Rs. 1 
crore. 
3) It can file an appeal with the Supreme Court within 30 days 
ROLE of Consumer Organisations and Non-Government Organisations (NGO’s) 
1. Education Consumers 
2. Collecting data on different products and Testing them 
3. Filing suit on belief if consumers 
 
4. Helping Educational institutions 
5. Promoting network of consumer association. 
6. Extending support to Government 
NGOs : Non-Government Organisations are those organizations which aim at promoting 
the welfare of the people with non-profit concept. They are taking up various aspects of 
consumer exploitation. 
a) Consumer co-coordinating councils 
b) Role of the press 
c) Role of Universities / Schools 
Legal protection to consumers: 
a) The Consumer Protection Act 1986 
b) The Contract Act 1982 
c) The Sale of Goods Act 1930 
d) The Essential Commodities Act 1955 
e) The Agricultural produce (Grading and Marketing) Act 1937 
f) The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act 1954 
g) The Standards of Weights and Measures Act 1976 
h) The Trade Marks Act 1999 
i) The Competition Act 2002 
j) The Bureau of Indian Standards Act 1986. 
Questions (with hints wherever necessary) 
1. Mention the act which provides protection to consumers.                               1M 
2. The scope of consumer protection act is very wide.  How?                             1M 
3. Mention one reason behind importance of consumer protection from consumer 
point of view.                                                                                                                               1M 
 
4. What does consumer protection act 1986 aims at?                                             1M 
5. Consumers might be exploited by unscrupulous, exploitative and unfair trade 
practices.  Give few examples of such practices adopted by sellers. 1M 
6. Who is a consumer under consumer protection act?                                          3M 
7. Explain three aspects of consumer protection.                                                      3M 
8. Give any three points showing the importance of consumer protection from 
consumers’ point of view.                                                                                                      3 M                                                   
9. Give the meaning of Right to Safety.                                                                              3M  
10. What are the responsibilities of consumers?                                                          3M 
11. Explain the rights of consumers.                                                                                   5M 
12. What are the remedies available to consumers under the consumer protection 
act, 1986?                                                                                                                                    5M 
13. Explain briefly any five ways and means of consumer protection followed in 
India.                                                                                                                                            5M 
14. Explain in brief any five responsibilities of consumers to safeguard their 
interests.                                                                                                                                     5M 
VALUE BASED QUESTION 
1. Ananya is a pure vegetarian. She went to a snacks bar and asked for “Veg. 
French Fries”. Later on, she found that it had some non-vegetarian content. 
Neither the advertisement, nor packing of the product showed that it may have 
non-vegetarian content. Identify the values missing here in this context. 
Ans. The manufacturer is not honest. So the value missing here is “Honesty”. 
         The right to information is violated. 
2. A pharmaceutical company is marketing its medicines in India which were 
banned in some other countries due to their side effects.  The company did not 
mention this information anywhere.  Identify the values missing. 
Ans.        I) Right to information is violated 
               ii) Consumer protection is ignored. 
iii) The company is not following uniform practices in all the countries. 
              iv)  India should have stringent laws to punish such companies. 
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