Indian Affairs, International Affairs, October 21st, 2017, Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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Current Affairs : Indian Affairs, International Affairs, October 21st, 2017, Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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Indian Affairs

Government sets up expert group for suggestions on artificial intelligence policy
Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has set up an internal committee which will provide suggestions to Indian government on framing a national policy on artificial intelligence (AI).

i. This internal committee comprising of experts will advise the IT ministry on the most appropriate technology for India in context of emerging trends in the area of AI.

ii. Reducing/averting cyber attacks carried out with the help of AI is the main focus area of Indian government…

Five-member committee to select RSTV’s next editor-in-chief
As per an order from Rajya Sabha secretariat, a five-member committee has been formed to select the candidate for the post of editor-in-chief of Rajya Sabha TV (RSTV).

More Details about committee to select RSTV’s next editor-in-chief

i. This committee is headed by Prasar Bharati Chairman A Surya Prakash.

ii. Rajya Sabha MP Swapan Dasgupta, Prasar Bharati CEO Shashi Shekhar Vempati, Additional Secretary (Personnel) in the Rajya Sabha Secretariat P P K Ramacharyulu and journalist Rahul Srivastava are the other members of this search-cum-selection committee.

iii. The committee will invite applications for the post and will conduct interviews of suitable candidates. Based on the interviews, recommendation for final selection will be submitted to Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu, the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

iv. The post of RSTV’s editor-in-chief felt vacant when Gurdeep Singh Sappal resigned after Hamid Ansari’s term as vice-president came to an end in August 2017.

Rajasthan limits probes against public servants
Rajasthan State Government under Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje has passed Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 which seeks to protect serving judges, former judges, magistrates and public servants in Rajasthan from being investigated for on-duty action without Government’s prior sanction.

i. The ordinance also seeks to bar the media from reporting on accusations till the sanction to proceed with the probe is obtained.

ii. The ordinance provides 180 days immunity to the officers, during which no investigation could be ordered nor could any investigation be carried out against serving judges, former judges, magistrates and public servants in Rajasthan.

iii. No decision on request to sanction investigation till the end of immunity period would automatically mean that sanction has been granted.

iv. Violators of the clauses of this ordinance could face two years of imprisonment.

UP Government doubles ex-gratia amount for police officials
On October 21, 2017, Uttar Pradesh State Government under Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath announced to double the ex-gratia amount for police officials martyred on duty. 

i. Post this announcement, the ex-gratia amount for Police officials martyred on duty stands, revised to Rs. 40 lakh from Rs. 20 lakh earlier. 

ii. Mr. Adityanath made this announcement at the Police Commemoration Day Parade in Lucknow.

iii. He also announced that number of medals awarded to police personnel in all the units of Uttar Pradesh’s Police Department  has been increased from 200 to 950.

iv. Uttar Pradesh State Government has given jobs to 400 families of deceased police officials.

v. These measures are aimed to boost the morale of the police force which will in turn help in strengthening the law and order situation in the state.

Centre asks states to name toilets as ‘izzat ghar’ in rural areas
The Central Government has asked each state to name the toilets in their rural households as “izzat ghar”, or to use a phrase in regional language equivalent to “house of dignity”.

Izzat Ghar:

i. Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has asked the state government’s principal secretaries, to name toilets in rural areas as “izzat ghar”, after observing the name being used in many parts of Uttar Pradesh.

ii. Hindi-speaking areas may continue using the name “izzat ghar”. Other regions could use a name in the local language with the same meaning as that of “house of dignity”.

iii. With the aim of making India open defecation free by 2nd October 2019, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation is looking over the implementation of Swachh Bharat Mission in villages.

About Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation:

♦ Cabinet Minister – Uma Bharti
♦ Ministers of State – Ramesh Chandappa Jigajinagi, S S Ahluwalia

Dasna Jail to rename its dental clinic after Aarushi Talwar
As a gesture to acknowledge the Talwar couple’s services , the Uttar Pradesh government has decided to rename the dental clinic at Dasna Jail in Ghaziabad after Aarushi Talwar, who was murdered at the age of 14 at her residence in 2008.

i. Aarushi Talwar’s parents – Rajesh and Nupur Talwar – who are also dentists spent four years in the jail since 2013 as the accused in the murder case.

ii. Jai Kumar Singh, Minister of State for Jail also confirmed the development and said that he will very soon meet the Talwar couple and inform them about the decision.

iii. “The prison clinic was almost dysfunctional when the Talwar couple came in four years ago. But it became operational again after the couple were sent to jail. I will also appeal them to continue to visit the inmates for at least two hours a week,” Singh said.

iv. During their stay at the Dasna Jail, the Talwars treated hundreds of prisoners and several other prison employees at the dental clinic. Also, it is quite noteworthy that Rajesh Talwar has been recognised as a well-known dentist before the 2008 incident.

v. However, things started improving with the dentist couple working on the inmates’ health issues. While Rajesh Talwar used to treat male inmates, Nupur Talwar used to take care of the female inmates.

vi. The jail authorities also co-operated with the duo and procured necessary equipment to run the facility.

International Affairs

Peru passes legislation to legalize medical marijuana
On October 19, 2017, Peru’s conservative Congress passed a bill to legalize medical uses of marijuana with 68-5 vote in favour.

Use of Marijuana for medical purpose:

i. This legislation was proposed by Preu’s President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski after police cracked down on a group of mothers making cannabis oil in a makeshift laboratory to treat their children suffering from epilepsy, a neurological disorder.

ii. In next 60 days, Peruvian lawmakers will finalise the regulations for producing and commercializing cannabis oil.

iii. It is to be noted that Peru’s neighbouring countries, Chile and Colombia have already legalized marijuana for medical purposes.

iv. Another South American country, Uruguay has fully legalized growing and selling marijuana for any use.

Quick Facts about Peru:

♦ Capital – Lima
♦ Currency – Peruvian sol
♦ Current President – Pedro Pablo Kuczynski

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