Paika Bidroha to be named as 1st War of Independence
On October 23, 2017, Union HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar mentioned that from the next academic session, ‘Paika Bidroha’ (Paika rebellion) of 1817 will included in history text books as ‘the First War of Independence’.
i. In July 2017, the then President Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated year-long celebration of Bi-Centenary of the Paika Bidroha of Odisha.
ii. Central Government has allocated Rs. 200 crore for commemorating it across the country…
Andhra Government releases 3rd installment under Crop Loan Waiver Scheme
On 23rd October 2017, Agriculture Minister of Andhra Pradesh Somireddy Chandramohan Reddy announced the release of third installment under Crop Loan Waiver Scheme.
3rd installment under Crop Loan Waiver Scheme:
i. In September 2017, the Andhra Pradesh Government, released Rs.3,600 crores for the third portion of the third installment, under Waiver Scheme in Andhra Pradesh.
ii. The amount will be deposited in the accounts of the farmers with additional 10 % interests. Andhra Pradesh Government, under the leadership of Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu, has been giving the first preference to the farmers.
iii. According to Somireddy, the crop loan waiver is one of the promises of the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) during its election campaign. However, the government came under criticism for not fulfilling its promise.
Recent schemes of Andhra Pradesh government:
♦ Swachha Andhra Mission – to execute the objectives of Swachh Bharat Mission in Andhra Pradesh
♦ Rs.2000 Unemployment Allowance Scheme in Andhra Pradesh for Unemployed Youth
♦ PMAY-NTR Nagar Scheme Andhra Pradesh – 1.93 Lakh Houses for Urban Poor
Nicaragua signs Paris climate agreement
On October 23, 2017, Central American country, Nicaragua officially signed the Paris climate change agreement and presented the relevant documents for the agreement at the United Nations.
i. Paris climate agreement, adopted in December 2015, is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) through which member countries have committed to take steps for limiting global warming and thereby avoid dangerous climate change.
ii. Earlier, Nicaraguan Government did not sign the agreement arguing that the accord did not put sufficient onus on wealthy countries to tackle climate change and was not ambitious enough in its objectives.
iii. It is to be noted that Nicaragua has no oil and its government pursues a green energy policies. More than 50% of its electricity is produced by geothermic, wind, solar, biomass and wave power.
iv. Now as Nicaragua has signed the Paris Climate Change Agreement, US and Syria are the only countries who are not party to this agreement.
Quick Facts about Nicaragua
♦ Capital – Managua
♦ Currency – Cordoba
♦ Current President – Daniel Ortega
India gifts war memorabilia to Bangladesh
On 22nd October 2017, India gifted a memorabilia of the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 to the Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.
India’s memorabilia to Bangladesh:
i. The memorabilia of the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 was handed over to Sheikh Hasina by Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj.
ii.During the war, about 10 million Bangladesh people took refuge in India. India and Bangladesh fought together to drive out the Pakistani occupation army.
iii. The memorabilia includes military equipment utilised during the war, artefacts, documents, historical photographs, archival audio and video clippings, maps, battle records, newspaper clippings, documentary films.
iv. The collection is proposed to be displayed at the Bangladesh National Museum in Shahbagh and the Museum of Independence in Suhrawardy Udyan in Dhaka.
About Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971:
♦ Cause – The war began after the Pakistani military launched Operation Searchlight against the people of East Pakistan
♦ Result – Independence of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
30th edition of India – Indonesia Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) begins in Indonesia
On 24th October – 5th November 2017, the 30th edition of CORPAT (Coordinated Patrol) and 3rd Bilateral exercise between the Indian Navy and the Indonesian Navy is conducted in Belawan, Indonesia.
India – Indonesia Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT):
i. Indian Naval Ship Sukanya under the command of Commander SA Deodhar, arrived at Belawan, Indonesia, to participate in the 30th edition of CORPAT (Coordinated Patrol) and 3rd Bilateral exercise between the Indian Navy and the Indonesian Navy.
ii. The two navies have been carrying out Coordinated Patrols (CORPAT) on respective sides of the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) twice a year since 2002.
iii .The aim of the CORPAT is to enhance mutual understanding and inter-operability between the navies, prosecute vessels involved in unlawful activities and take measures against Sea Pollution.
iv. During the stay at Port Belawan, various activities such as formal reception on board ship, ship open to visitors, guided tours for Indian naval personnel and professional interaction between naval personnel of both the nations have been planned.
♦ Capital – Jakarta
♦ Currency – Indonesian rupiah
♦ President – Joko Widodo