Indian Affairs, July 29th, 2018, Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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INDIAN AFFAIRS

India’s first National Skill Training Institute (NSTI) for Women Launched by Dharmendra Pradhan in Mohali.
On July 29, 2018, The Union Minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas and Skill Development &Entrepreneurship Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, laid the foundation stone of National Skill Training Institute (NSTI) for Women at Mohali, Punjab.

About NSTI:
i. The cost of the project is Rs.17 crores.
ii. This is the first NSTI Institute for Punjab and is exclusively for women.
iii. It would be developed into “Trainers Training Institute” which will give training in traditional areas for women like beauty care, cosmetology & fashion design and also in technology.

Other announcements:
i. He also launched a first of its kind unique Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK) for differently abled persons in Mohali.
ii. He also launched India’s first  in-phone guide and mobile application “Go whats That”  in Chandigarh.

Background:
These projects have been built under the Centre’s “Skill India” initiative.

About Skill India:
Skill India is a campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015 which aim to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.

Mumbai Weather Live : a mobile application that to provide information on extreme weather events in Mumbai launched by The Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).
On July 29, 2018, The Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) launched a mobile application named Mumbai Weather Live that will provide information on extreme weather events in Mumbai.

i. It would cover alerts on events like : Heat waves, thunderstorms, heavy rains.

Other announcements:
i. It also launched forecasts for Char Dham and Amarnath pilgrims that can be accessed by registered users of through website of IMD orMapmyIndia.
ii. It has also launched an air-pollution emergency prediction system which could be ready for launch by October 2018.
iii. It would provide:  monsoon forecasting, weather or climate parameters, ocean state, earthquakes, tsunamis and data related to earth systems for public safety.
iv. The Ministry with National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) would also launch ‘push SMS alerts’ for mobile users across the country.
v. The technology for this has already been approved in Uttarakhand and Andhra Pradesh.

IMD:
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi.
♦ Founded: 1875.

NDMA:
♦ Founded: 30th May 2005.
♦ Parent Ministry: Ministry of Home Affairs.

Srikrishna panel recommends changes in Aadhaar Act; moots new safeguards for data protection & changes in RTI Act
On 27th July 2018, the high-level panel on data protection framework headed by Justice B N Srikrishna submitted its report to the government.

Srikrishna panel recommendations:
i. The panel submitted its report to IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad. It has suggested steps for safeguarding personal information, defining obligations of data processors, rights of individuals, and penalties for violation.
ii. Ravi Shankar Prasad said that the report will go through inter-ministerial consultations and Cabinet and parliamentary approval.
iii. The report focuses on 3 aspects: citizens, the state and the industry. The report covers issues like consent, rights of children, data protection authority and right to recall data.
iv. The panel has recommended 2 changes to the Aadhaar Act. Amendments have been suggested to classify requesting entities into 2 kinds to regulate access to personal data on the basis of necessity:

  • those who can request for authentication
  • those who are limited to verifying the identity of individuals offline

v. It has said that, amendments are required to ensure the autonomy of the UIDAI.
vii. The panel regarding data protection has suggested amending the Right to Information Act to restrict non-disclosure of information to cases where harm to an individual is more than the importance of transparency and accountability in the functioning of public authorities.
viii. For data storage, the report identifies circumstances under which data has to be compulsorily stored in India and cases where it can be stored with mirroring provisions. The report stresses that critical data has to be stored in India.

About Srikrishna panel:
♦ Formed in – July 2017
♦ Formed by – Government of India
♦ Head – Justice B N Srikrishna
♦ Members – 10
♦ Purpose – to recommend a framework for securing personal data and address privacy concerns and develop safeguards against data breaches

Manipur hosts 11th state-level pineapple festival cum Sellers & Buyers Meet and Youth Festival, 2018
On 14th to 19th July 2018, the 11th state-level pineapple festival cum Sellers & Buyers Meet and Youth Festival, 2018, was held in Thambalnu Market Complex under Andro constituency in Thoubal district of Manipur.

11th state-level pineapple festival cum Sellers & Buyers Meet and Youth Festival, 2018:
i. The festival was organized by Development Organisation, Andro Kendra (DOAK) through Eastern Border Area Development Authority. It was inaugurated by Manipur Governor Najma Heptulla.
ii. In this festival, sellers and buyers met to promote pineapple as a viable cash crop and help the farmers to attain a sustainable livelihood.
iii. The festival aimed to help the farmers to become economically stable and enhance their livelihood.
iv. 163 pineapple stalls and 32 food stalls were put up by indigenous tribes from Andro AC in the festival. The festival is celebrated since 2008.
v. Najma Heptulla also inaugurated a cold storage unit constructed under Department of Horticulture & Soil Conservation at Thambalnu Market Complex.

Some National Parks in Manipur:
♦ Sirohi National Park
♦ Keibul Lamjao National Park

Odisha government approved a proposal for setting up a riverine port on river Mahanadi in Kendrapara district
On 28th July 2018, Odisha government approved a proposal for setting up a riverine port on river Mahanadi in Kendrapara district, Odisha.

Riverine port on river Mahanadi in Kendrapara district:
i. The port will developed on a public-private-partnership mode on build, own, operate, share and transfer (BOOST) basis.
ii. The proposal was approved at a meeting of the High Level Clearance Authority (HLCA) that was held under the chairmanship of Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik.
iii. The project will developed in Akhadasali village under Mahakalpada block in Kendrapara district.
iv. According to the proposal, the port will be established in 2 phases. In the first phase, 2 berths will be developed for transportation of 18.43 million tons cargo per annum for which expenditure is estimated to be Rs 2,110 crore.
v. The requirement of land for the initial phase has been estimated as 175 hectare. This riverine port will be connected to National Highways-53 and Haridaspur-Paradip Railway Line for transportation of cargo.
vi. The capacity of transportation of cargo will raise from 18.43 million tons per annum to 45.88 million tons per annum. Also, an additional 125 hectare of land will be needed.
vii. After commission, the port will offer nearly 4,300 direct and indirect employment opportunities in the first phase, and around 10,700 in the second phase.

Some wildlife sanctuaries in Odisha:
♦ Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary
♦ Balimela Wildlife Sanctuary
♦ Balukhand-Konark Wildlife Sanctuary

Odisha to implement its own food security act from Oct 2, 2018
On July 29, 2018, Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik announced that the state government would implement its own food security act from October 2 .
i. It would cover nearly 34.44 lakhs people left out of National Food Security Act (NFSA).
ii. Earlier it had launched the Act with rice at Re 1 per kg for people living below poverty line in 2013.
iii. This was announced in ‘Ama Mukhyamantri, Ama Katha’ (Our Chief Minister, Our Issues) program.

Background:
The NFSA is being implemented in Odisha since November 2015 and it covers over 3.26 crore people.

Odisha:
♦ Lakes : Chilika Lake, Kanjia Lake, Anshupa Lake, Balimela Reservoir.
♦ Dams: Rengali Dam, Kala dam, Pitamahal Dam, Kansbahal Dam, Tikhali Dam, Deras Dam, Salia Dam, Ghodahada Dam, Kuanria Dam.

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