Indian Affairs, September 11th, 2018, Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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INDIAN AFFAIRS

Model International Center for Transformative AI (ICTAI) set up by NITI Aayog, Intel and TIFR
On September 11, 2018, NITI Aayog, Intel and TIFR collaborated to set up a Model International Center for Transformative AI (ICTAI) in Bengaluru.

i. It is a part of NITI Aayog’s plan on ‘National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence’.

Objective:
To develop and deploy AI-led application-based research projects.

Key Points:
i. In the collaboration:

  • NITI Aayog will contribute its vision of ‘AI for All’ initiative.
  • Intel will contribute in human centric AI problem solving.
  • TIFR will help in applied research and technology development.

About ICTAI:
i. It would conduct advanced research to produce AI-led solutions in three important areas – healthcare, agriculture and smart mobility.
ii. It would work on the following domains of ICTAI:
Governance, fundamental research, physical infrastructure, compute and service infrastructure needs, and talent acquisition.
iii. This would in turn help in building policies and standards related to information technology such as data-storage, information security, privacy, and ethics for data capture and use.
iv. Another key area of focus is collaboration with industries and startups to produce more AI based technologies and increase skilled talent.
v. The learning and best practices developed through this model ICTAI will be used by NITI Aayog to set up the future ICTAIs across country.

NITI Aayog:
♦ Chairman: Narendra Modi.
♦ CEO: Amitabh Kant.

Intel:
♦ Headquarters: California, USA.
♦ CEO: Robert H. Swan.

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR):
♦ Headquarters: Mumbai.

Piyush Goyal launches ‘Rail Sahyog’ for collaboration through CSR
On September 11, 2018, the Minister of Railways and Coal, Shri Piyush Goyal launched a web portal called ‘Rail Sahyog’ to rope in corporate collaborations.

Objective:
To enable Corporates and PSUs to contribute to upgradation through Corporate Social Responsibility funds.

Key Points:
i. This has been made for the Indian Railway stations for upgrading its infrastructure, technology, hygiene among other things.
ii. Corporates and PSUs willing to contribute can register themselves in the portal.
iii. The shortlisted applicants would deposit their funds with Railways/nominated agencies like RITES/RAILTEL etc.
iv. Projects to be funded under this are:

  • Construction of toiletsin circulating areas for an approximate Cost per station: Rs. 22-30 Lakh,
  • Providing free Wi-Fi at stationswith approximate cost per station: Rs. 10.30 lakhs to Rs 12.30 lakhs,
  • Provision of Benches at station Platformsas facility for senior citizens/disabled. With an approximate cost per set: Rs. 17500 to Rs. 47500,
  • Bottle crushing machinesat 2175 major stations at Rs. 3.5 lakhs to Rs. 4.5 Lakhs per machine,
  • Dustbinsat all stations for Swachh Bharat at an approximate cost per set (two dustbins) : Rs. 4500.

Indian Railways:
♦ Minister of State for Railways: Manoj Sinha, Rajen Gohain.
♦ Chairman of Railway Board: Shri Ashwani Lohani.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana to cover Child Cancer Treatment: NITI Aayog
On September 11, 2018, NITI Aayog announced that Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana will cover treatment of childhood cancer.
i. It was announced by NITI Aayog member Vinod Kumar Paul.

India launches new digital bridge with Africa through e-VidyaBharati and e-ArogyaBharati Network Project
On 10th September 2018, External Affairs Ministry signed an agreement with the Telecommunications Consultants India Ltd. (TCIL) in New Delhi, to set up a pan-African e-network between India and Africa.

e-VidyaBharati and e-ArogyaBharati Network Project:
i. The project is named e-VidyaBharati and e-ArogyaBharati Network Project. It will serve as a digital bridge between India and Africa and promote capacity building in education and health services.
ii. This e-network aims to offer quality tele-education and tele-medicine facility by connecting select Indian Universities, Institutions and Super Specialty Hospitals to African educational institutions and hospitals.
iii. Earlier, this project was operated on satellite-based technology and covered 48 African countries. Now, it has been decided to set up two separate web-based portals for tele-education and tele-medicine through e-VidyaBharati and e-ArogyaBharati Network Project.

About Telecommunications Consultants India Ltd. (TCIL):
♦ Chairman and Managing Director – A.Seshagiri Rao
♦ Headquarters – New Delhi

Two Day Regional Conference on Good Governance with Focus on Aspirational Districts held in Bhopal
On September 10-11, 2018, 2 day Regional Conference on Good Governance with Focus on Aspirational Districts was held in Bhopal.

Objective:
To create a common platform to implement Best Practices in Citizen Centric Governance

Key Points:
i. It was organized by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DAR&PG), Government of India and Government of Madhya Pradesh.
ii. Delegates from 12 States and 2 UTs participated in the conference.
iii. It consisted of 5 Technical sessions in the 2-day conference.
iv. The themes of the sessions included: ICT Enabled Education, Agriculture, Public Service and Grievance Management and Good Governance initiatives.
v. Session on Citizen centric Services was also made.

Nagpur celebrated Marbat festival
On September 11, 2018, Marbat festival was celebrated in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
i. It comprises burning of effigies that represent evil forces called ‘Marbats’ of Kali (black) and Pivli (Yellow) .
ii. It is a 150-year old festival and is celebrated only in Nagpur.

Haryana Assembly passes two Bills to rename universities
On September 11, 2018, the Haryana Assembly passed two Bills.
i. They were : YMCA University of Science and Technology, Faridabad (Amendment) Bills, 2018 and the Haryana Vishwakarma Skill University (Amendment) Bills, 2018.
ii. The first bill renamed YMCA University to the JC Bose University of Science and Technology, YMCA, Faridabad.
iii. The second bill renamed Haryana Vishwakarma Skill University to Shri Vishwakarma Skill University, Haryana.

181: helpline for women in distress launched by Goa government
On September 11, 2018, the Women and Child Development ministry of Goa launched a helpline service for women in distress in the state.
i. The helpline number is : 181 and will be operated by GVK-EMRI along with the ministry.
ii. It would provide counselling, guidance, information, as well as deal with cases of domestic violence.
iii. It will help in solving crimes against women more efficiently.

Other News:
i. The government also partnered with Gomantak Lokseva Trust Mahilashram, Assagao, where rescued women would be given asylum.
ii. The Goa State Infrastructure Development Corporation (GSIC) has invested Rs. 8 crore for the construction of a centralised location at Merces for the North Goa and South Goa child welfare committees and the ministry of woman and child development.
♦ Director of Women and Child Development: Deepak Dessai.

GOA:
♦ Chief Minister: Manohar Parrikar.
♦ Governor: Mridula Sinha.
♦ Lakes: Carambolim Lake, Mayem Lake, Sarzora Lake.
♦ National Parks/Bird and Wildlife Sanctuaries: Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary, Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary, Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary.

Ethanol plant: Haryana Government inks MoU with IOC to stop straw burning.
On September 11, 2018, the Haryana government signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL) to set up an ethanol plant at village Bohali in Panipat.

Indian Affairs, September 11th, 2018, Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

i. The Mou was signed by:

  • Dusmanta K Behera, Director, Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Department of Haryana, and
  • Sanjay Kumar Srivastav, Chief General Manager, Alternate Energy and Sustainable Development, IOC Ltd.

ii. It would be valid for a period of one year.
iii. The project would have a cost of over Rs 900 crore.
iv. It would have a capacity of 100 kilolitres of ethanol per day which will prevent straw burning and manage crop residue.
v. Raw fuel to the plant would be provided by 10 cooperative and three private sugar mills in Haryana.

Haryana:
♦ Capital: Chandigarh.
♦ Chief Minister: Manohar Lal Khattar.
♦ Governor: Kaptan Singh Solanki
♦ National Parks: Sultanpur National Park, Kalesar National Park.

Nickname:
♦ Gurugram: Millennium city of India,
♦ Bhiwani: Mini Cuba.

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