Inference (Critical Reasoning) for GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev

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Verbal : Inference (Critical Reasoning) for GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev

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INFERENCE

One of the 3 most common CR question types
 20% of GMAT CR Questions

Objective:

Inference questions test your ability to determine what can be proven with 100% certainty. The right answer to an Inference Question is one that must be true with absolute certainty on the basis of the facts given.
Example:

The dorsal attention network is one of two sensory orienting systems in the human brain, and this complex network signals where a human’s attention should be focused. The dorsal attention network shows activity increases after a presentation of cues indicating what subjects should direct their attention to.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following assertions?

(A) The dorsal attention network is the primary sensory orienting system in the human brain.

(B) Relative to the dorsal attention network, other sensory orienting systems do not demonstrate the same degree of activity increases after exposure to a presentation of cues.

(C) Where human attention is focused is always predictable given a particular activity increase, and the degree of exposure.

(D)Activity in a human’s dorsal attention network is lower preceding a presentation of cues as to where to focus that human’s attention.

(E) The two human sensory orienting systems play equal roles in determining where human attention should be focused.

Common Question Forms
Here are some of the most common ways Inference questions are asked:
1. Which of the following conclusions about [XYZ] is best supported by the facts above.
 2. The claims above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?
 3. Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

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