Integrated Reasoning Section
The Integrated Reasoning section of the GMAT exam measures how well you integrate data to solve complex problems. With your target business schools interested in the development of future business leaders, one of the most important skills you can demonstrate is your ability to take in large amounts of data and make sound decisions. Specifically, the Integrated Reasoning section tests your ability to:
• Synthesize information presented in graphics, text, and numbers.
• Evaluate relevant information from different sources.
• Organize information to see relationships and to solve multiple, interrelated problems.
• Combine and manipulate information from multiple sources to solve complex problems.
The Integrated Reasoning section contains four question types for a total of 12 questions—most requiring multiple responses. You will have 30 minutes to complete it.
Four Types of Questions in the Integrated Reasoning Section
There are four types of questions in the Integrated Reasoning Section—
• Multi-Source Reasoning
• Table Analysis
• Graphics Interpretation
• Two-Part Analysis.
The questions involve both quantitative and verbal reasoning, either separately or in combination. There are two special features of this section: Many questions require more than one response, and you will be able to use an online calculator with basic functions to answer the questions. Because the questions are designed to test your ability to integrate data to solve complex problems, you must answer all responses to a question correctly; no partial credit will be given.
For each Integrated Reasoning question type, you can sample multiple questions using the links below, and click the button at the bottom of the sample question screen to reveal the correct response.
Multi-Source Reasoning—Measures your ability to examine data from multiple sources text passages, tables, graphics, or some combination of the three—and to analyze each source of data carefully to answer multiple questions. Some questions will require you to recognize discrepancies among different sources of data. Others will ask you to draw inferences, and still others may require you to determine whether data is relevant.
Table Analysis—Measures your ability sort and analyze a table of data, similar to a spreadsheet, in order to determine what information is relevant or meets certain conditions.
Graphics Interpretation—Measures your ability to interpret the information presented in a graph or other graphical image (scatter plot, x/y graph, bar chart, pie chart, or statistical curve distribution) to discern relationships, and make inferences.
Two-Part Analysis—Measures your ability to solve complex problems. They could be quantitative, verbal, or some combination of both. The format is intentionally versatile to cover a wide range of content. Your ability to evaluate trade-offs, solve simultaneous equations, and discern relationships between two entities is measured.
You will have 30 minutes to solve 12 questions of four types: Multi-Source Reasoning, Table Analysis, Graphics Interpretation, and Two-Part Analysis.
Six Things to Know About Integrated Reasoning Questions
The questions in the Integrated Reasoning section involve both quantitative and verbal reasoning, either separately or in combination. Some questions will require more than one response.
• All answer choices for a single question are presented on the same screen.
• You must submit responses to all parts before moving on to a new question.
• You must answer all parts of a single question correctly to receive credit. No partial credit is given.
• Once you answer a question, you may not go back and change the answer.
• You may see several questions for one graphic or set of data. If you answer one question incorrectly, your incorrect answer will not necessarily affect how you answer another question based on the same graphic or data.
• While the questions may contain quantitative elements, it is not a test of quantitative skills. An online calculator with basic functions will be available, but not necessary, for this section.
Multi-Source Reasoning Question Strategies
For each Multi-Source Reasoning question, you will be presented with information on two or three tabbed pages on the left side of your computer screen. Your questions appear on the right side of your screen.
• Don’t expect to be completely familiar with the material. It is designed to be challenging, but all the information you need to answer the questions is provided.
• Analyze each source of data carefully, as the questions require detailed understanding of the data presented. Text passages often build ideas in sequences, so be mindful of how each statement adds to the main idea of the passage. Graphic elements come in various forms, such as tables, graphs, diagrams, or charts.
• Read the questions carefully, making sure you understand what they ask. Some questions will require recognizing discrepancies among different sources of data. Others will ask you to draw inferences. Still others may require you to determine which one of the data sources is relevant.
• Select the answer choices that have the most support based on the data provided. Don’t let your knowledge of the subject matter influence your answer choice. Answer the questions using only the data provided to you.
Table Analysis Question Strategies
For Table Analysis questions, you are presented with a data set in a table, which you can sort by column. The answers you select will be a set of answer statements, each of which has two opposing answer options (yes/no, true/false).
• Examine the table and accompanying text to determine the type of information provided.
• Read the question carefully to determine the data analysis required and know the choice you have to make.
• Judge each answer statement carefully on the basis of the condition specified (yes or no, true or false). Focus your attention on whether the given condition has been met.
Graphics Interpretation Question Strategies
For each Graphics Interpretation question, you will be presented with data in a graphic or visual, and any supporting text that explains the graphic or provides additional information. Then you will complete statements with the most accurate value from an embedded drop-down menu.
• Familiarize yourself with the data presented in the graphic. Make note of the scales on the axis, marked values, and labels. Pay attention to any discrepancies between the units in the graph and the units discussed in the text.
• Read any accompanying text carefully. The text might present data that isn’t contained in the graphic but that you need to answer the question.
• Make sure you understand what the problem is asking you to do. You will interpret and integrate data, discern relationships and make inferences from a set of data.
• Read all the choices in the drop-down menu. By checking the menu options, you will get additional information about your assigned task.
• Choose the option that best completes the statement. More than one option in the drop-down menu may seem plausible. You will need to choose the one that makes the statement most accurate or logical.
Two-Part Analysis Question Strategies
Two-Part Analysis questions present a brief scenario or problem and asks you to select two answer choices related to the data. The answer choices are connected to each other in some way. For example, there might be two steps involved in solving a problem or two components required to complete a task. Your possible answers are presented in a table format with a column for each answer choice. You will mark the best answer for the first part of the question in the first column, and the best answer for the second part in the second column.
• Read the information carefully. It may cover a wide range of content, including quantitative, verbal, or some combination of both. All the material presented is designed to be challenging. Don’t let any familiarity with the subject matter influence your response. Only use the data presented in the question.
• Determine exactly what the question is asking. Pay close attention to how the question describes the tasks. Sometimes the response columns headings lack the details that could help you better understand what you are supposed to do.
• Review all available answers before making a final choice. Determine whether your tasks are dependent or independent. Some questions will pose two tasks that can be carried out individually. Others pose one task with two dependent parts.
• Keep in mind that the same answer choice might be the correct response for both columns. It is possible that one answer option satisfies the conditions of both response columns.