Banking Exams  >  Basic English Grammar for Competitive Exams  >  Interjections (विस्मयादिबोधक)

Interjections (विस्मयादिबोधक) - Basic English Grammar for Competitive Exams - Banking Exams

Introduction of Interjections (विस्मयादिबोधक)

An interjection is a word or phrase used to express a feeling or to request or demand something. While interjections are a part of speech, they are not grammatically connected to other parts of a sentence. Interjections are common in everyday speech and informal writing. While some interjections such as “well” and “indeed” are acceptable in formal conversation, it’s best to avoid interjections in formal or academic writing.

विस्मयादिबोधक Interjection का उपयोग अपनी भावनाओं को व्यक्त करने हेतु किया जाता है, अचानक हुई किसी घटना से मन की भावनाओं का व्यक्त होना जैसे खुशी या दुख को प्रकट करना आदि भावनाओं को व्यक्त करने के लिए उपयोग किये गये ऐसे शब्द को हम विस्मयादिबोधक Interjection कहते हैं, विस्मयादिबोधक Interjection के अन्त में एक्सक्लेमेशन मार्क ( ! ) को लगाया जाता है।

Use of Interjection Words

  • Yes! I can do it easily. – हां! मैं इसे आसानी से कर सकता हूं।
  • Good! Now we can celebrate the party. – अच्छा! अब हम पार्टी मना सकते हैं।
  • Oh! What’s a surprise. – ओह! क्या आश्चर्य है।
  • Hey! Get out of the building! – अरे! इमारत से बाहर निकलो!
  • No! I run so long.- नहीं! मैं इतना लंबा दौड़ता हूं।
  • Well! I have a good news. अच्छा! मेरे पास एक अच्छा समाचार है।

Types of Interjection (विस्मयादिबोधक के भेद)

1. Interjections for Joy(खुशी व्यक्त करने के लिए): Joyful adverbs: This type of interjection words are used in sentences to indicate immediate joy or happiness on any happy occasion.

For Ex:

  • Wow! You are looking very beautiful. – बहुत खूब! आप बहुत अच्छी दिख रही हो।
  • Good! Now we can move on. – अच्छा! अब हम आगे बढ़ सकते हैं।
  • Hurray! We successfully won this match. – हुर्रे! हमने इस मैच को सफलतापूर्वक जीत लिया।

In these examples Wow! – Excellent / Wow!, Good! – Good!, Hurray! – Hurray! This is a delightful element, besides Great! – Oh wow!, Thanks! - Thank you! This is also some joyful element.

2. Interjections for Surprise (आश्चर्य व्यक्त करने के लिए): Oh my God!, Ha!, What!, My Goodness!, Fantastic!, Hey!, Amazing!, Ah!, Oh! These exclamatory adverbs are used to express a feeling of wonder about something.

For Ex:

  • Ah! I got new job. – आह! मुझे नई नौकरी मिल गई है।
  • What! He died. – क्या! उसकी मृत्यु हो गई।
  • Oh! Really you completed the task, I can’t believe. – ओह! सच में आपने कार्य पूरा कर लिया है, मुझे विश्वास नहीं हो रहा है।

In these sentences Ah!(Ah!), What!(What!), Oh!(Oh!) It is an exclamatory adverb.

3. Interjections for Sorrow (दुःख व्यक्त करने के लिए): This type of adverb is used in a sentence to express an unfortunate event or a feeling of sadness.

For Ex:

  • Oh my God! – हे भगवान!
  • How sad! – कितनी दुःख की बात है!
  • So sorry! – माफ करना!
  • Oh no! – ओह नहीं!
  • How tragic! – कितना दुखद!
  • Alas! He is no more. – काश! वो अब न रहा।

4. Interjections for Approval (सहमति व्यक्त करने के लिए): To Express Consent: The assent clause is used in a sentence to express a sense of approval or agreement to something.

For Ex:

  • Please! – कृपया!
  • Well done! You win the race. – बहुत अच्छा! आप रेस जीतें।
  • True! – सच में!
  • Bravo! That was fantastic! – वाहवाह! ये बहुत शानदार था!
  • Sure! – ज़रूर!
  • Certainly! – बिलकुल!

Solved Exercise

Exercise 1: Fill in the blanks with suitable interjections.
_____! I can't believe we won the lottery!

"Wow" is used to express surprise or amazement.

_____, I don't know if I can finish this assignment on time.

"Ugh" is used to express disgust or disappointment.

_____, I think I left my wallet at home.

"Oops" is used to acknowledge a minor mistake.

_____, that's a beautiful sunset.

"Oh" is used to express a reaction to something, in this case, admiration.

_____! Be careful with that hot pan!

"Yikes" is used to express shock or alarm.

Exercise 2: Identify the interjections in the following sentences.
Ouch! That really hurt.

"Ouch" is used to express sudden pain or discomfort.

Hey, can you help me with this problem?

"Hey" is used to get someone's attention or to greet someone.

Oh no, I forgot my keys!

Oh no
"Oh no" is used to express realization of a problem or mistake.

Hurray! Our team won the match.

"Hurray" is used to express joy or celebration.

Alas, we couldn't save the sinking ship.

"Alas" is used to express grief or disappointment.

Exercise 3: Choose the correct interjection for each situation.
When you see a friend after a long time: (a) Yuck (b) Hey (c) Ouch

(b) Hey
"Hey" is used to greet someone or get their attention.

When you accidentally spill coffee on your shirt: (a) Hurray (b) Oops (c) Aha

(b) Oops
"Oops" is used to acknowledge a minor mistake.

When you finally understand a difficult concept: (a) Aha (b) Yikes (c) Huh

(a) Aha
"Aha" is used to express sudden realization or understanding.

When you taste something you don't like: (a) Yuck (b) Wow (c) Oh

(a) Yuck
"Yuck" is used to express disgust or disapproval.

When you're scared by a sudden noise: (a) Alas (b) Eww (c) Yikes

(c) Yikes
"Yikes" is used to express shock or alarm.

The document Interjections (विस्मयादिबोधक) | Basic English Grammar for Competitive Exams - Banking Exams is a part of the Banking Exams Course Basic English Grammar for Competitive Exams.
All you need of Banking Exams at this link: Banking Exams
36 videos|63 docs|59 tests
36 videos|63 docs|59 tests
Download as PDF
Explore Courses for Banking Exams exam
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Download free EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!
Related Searches

Sample Paper




Important questions


practice quizzes


shortcuts and tricks


video lectures






Interjections (विस्मयादिबोधक) | Basic English Grammar for Competitive Exams - Banking Exams


past year papers




Extra Questions


Interjections (विस्मयादिबोधक) | Basic English Grammar for Competitive Exams - Banking Exams


study material


Previous Year Questions with Solutions






mock tests for examination


Objective type Questions


Interjections (विस्मयादिबोधक) | Basic English Grammar for Competitive Exams - Banking Exams


Viva Questions


Semester Notes