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Internal Audit (Section 138)
There was no provision under the Companies Act, 1956 for Internal Audit. Section 138 of the Companies Act, 2013 came into force from 1st April, 2014 which provides for it. According to Section 138 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014:
(a) Companies required to appoint Internal Auditor
(1) The following class of companies shall be required to appoint an internal auditor which may be either an individual or a partnership firm or a body corporate [As amended vide notification no. G.S.R. 742(E ) dated 27th July, 2016], namely:
(a) every listed company.
(b) every unlisted public company having:
(c) every private company having:
(2) The Audit Committee of the company or the Board shall, in consultation with the Internal Auditor, formulate the scope, functioning, periodicity and methodology for conducting the internal audit.
(b) Transitional period
An existing company covered under any of the above criteria shall comply with the requirements of Section 138 and this rule within 6 months of commencement of such Section.
(c) Who is Internal Auditor