International Affairs, July 20th, 2018, Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Exercise Pitch Black 2018 (PB-18) to be held in Australia from 24 Jul 18 to 18 Aug 18; Indian Air Force to participate for the first time
On July 18, 2018, The Ministry of Defence announced that the Indian Air Force for the first time is participating with fighter aircraft in Exercise Pitch Black 2018 (PB-18), which is to be held in Australia from 24 Jul to 18 Aug, 2018.
The mega exercise will involve over 100 aircraft from around the globe.

Objective:
To undertake simulated air combat exercises in a controlled environment and mutual exchange of best practices and enhancing IAF capability.

Key Points:

About IAF’s Participation:
i. The IAF contingent consists of 145 air-warriors including Garud team04 X Su-30 MKI01 X C-130 and 01 X C-17. 
ii. It would be led by Group Captain CUV Rao VM .
iii. The contingent will assemble at  Air Force Station Kalaikunda and depart for the exercise on 19 Jul 18 from India to Australia via Indonesia.

Agenda of the Participation:
i. During the flight from India to Australia and back, Su-30 MKI will carry out air to air refueling with IL-78 tankers.
ii. And on its return leg from Darwin to Subang, Su-30 MKI will be refueled in air for the first time by RAAF KC-30A.
iii. During the transit to Australia, IAF contingent will also have constructive engagement with Indonesian and Malaysian Air Forces.

About the Exercise:
Ex Pitch Black is a biennial multi-national large force employment warfare exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).

India tops list of skilled visa immigrants in Australia from 2000 to 2016: ACMIID
On July 20, 2018, According to The Australian Census and Migrants Integrated Dataset (ACMID)India tops list of skilled visa immigrants according to official figures with nearly 3 lakh Indians who migrated from 1 January 2000 to 9th August 2016.
i. They have topped the charts on skilled visa.
ii. As many as 291,916 Indians migrated to Australia , out of which , 154,012 individuals Australian citizenship.
iii. This data was released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

Key points:
On Skilled Visa:

Country No. of immigrants Percentage
India 291,916 19%
England 160,558 13%
China 146,842 12%

On Family Visa:

Country No. of Immigrants Percentage
China 95,532 14%
UK 60,108 8.8%
India 56,406 8.3%

On humanitarian visa programme:
i. Total of 45,816 migrants were recorded.
ii. Iraq topped the list with 37,751 migrants.
iii. India had only 1097 migrants.

About Australian Bureau of Statistics:
♦ Headquarters: Canberra, Australia.
♦ Founded:1905.

About The Australian Census and Migrants Integrated Dataset (ACMID):
♦ The Australian Census and Migrants Integrated Dataset (ACMID) contains 2016 Australian Census of Population and Housing data linked to Permanent Migrant Settlement Data from the Department of Social Services.
♦ The Census is conducted every five years.

J P Nadda addresses 8th BRICS Health Ministers’ Meeting at Durban, South Africa
On 20th July 2018, J P Nadda, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, addressed the 8th BRICS Health Ministers’ Meeting held in Durban, South Africa.

International Affairs, July 20th, 2018, Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

J P Nadda addresses 8th BRICS Health Ministers’ Meeting:
i. J P Nadda in his address said that, India is committed to eliminate TB by 2025.
ii. He said that India is committed to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC) as articulated in its National Health Policy.
iii. He stated that to achieve the vision of UHC, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently launched the ‘Ayushman Bharat’ (Long Live India) programme.
iv. Through the Health and Wellness Centres the programme aims to provide comprehensive primary healthcare services and National Health Protection Mission for secondary and tertiary care aims to cover nearly 100 million families.
v. He said that India’s achievement in reducing the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) by 77%, from 556 per 100000 live births in 1990 to 130 per 100 000 live births in 2016 was commended by Regional Director, WHO SEARO.
vi. With this achievement India is on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of MMR below 70 by 2030.
vii. He added that, schemes like Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan, enabling women to access antenatal check-ups, obstetric gynaecologists and to track high-risk pregnancies, etc., and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram have been rolled out.
viii. He said that in order to reduce the burden of non-communicable disease (NCD)s, India has already begun universal screening for prevention and management of 5 common NCDs including hypertension, diabetes and 3 common cancers of oral cavity, breast and cervix throughout India.
ix. He said that India has started AMRIT (Affordable Medicines & Reliable Implants for Treatment) Deendayal pharmacies to offer medicines for cancer, cardiovascular diseases and cardiac implants at low price.

Some important bird sanctuaries in India:
♦ Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary – Kerala
♦ Pathiramanal Kerala – Kerala
♦ Pakshipathalam Bird Sanctuary – Kerala

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