Knowledge-and-Curriculum BA Notes | EduRev

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BA : Knowledge-and-Curriculum BA Notes | EduRev

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Course IV- Knowledge and Curriculum 
UNIT 1: UNDERSTANDING BROAD PERSPECTIVE OF EDUCATION 
• Meaning of knowledge: 
• facts, information, and skills acquired by a person through experience or education; 
the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. 
• awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation. 
Characteristics of Knowledge 
• We often talk of knowledge as an asset. But compared to other assets, such as 
physical assets and finance, it has some distinctive characteristics: 
• Non-depleting: unlike other resources that are managed because of their scarcity 
value, the more knowledge is used, the more is generated; we all know about 
'information overload'! 
• Win-win sharing: if you share your knowledge with another person, the first person 
does not lose it 
• Chunkable and portable: it can be summarized, compressed or divided in manageable 
units for easier transfer and management 
• Transferable: it can move from place to place; explicit knowledge, in particular, can 
easily be distributed via networks to many people 
• Mobile: it tends tends to leak and diffuse, either as people move jobs, talk or through 
technical reproduction and transmission 
• Substitutable: in many situations it can replace physical and other forms of resource; 
thus telecommunications reduces the need for travel or physical transport (of 
documents). 
Types  of  Knowledge (Education) 
• Personal:The first kind of knowledge is personal knowledge, or knowledge by 
acquaintance. This is the kind of knowledge that we are claiming to have when we say 
things like “I know Mozart’s music.” Knowledge in this sense is to do with being 
familiar with something: in order to know Amy, one must have met her; in order to 
know fear, one must have experienced it. Personal knowledge thus seems to involve 
coming to know a certain number of propositions in a particular way. 
• Procedural:The second kind of knowledge is procedural knowledge, or knowledge 
how to do something. People who claim to know how to juggle, or how to drive, are 
not simply claiming that they understand the theory involved in those activities. 
Rather, they are claiming that actually possess the skills involved, that they are able 
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