Kurukshetra Magazine May 2021 - 1 UPSC Notes | EduRev

Monthly Yojana Magazine (English)

UPSC : Kurukshetra Magazine May 2021 - 1 UPSC Notes | EduRev

 Page 3


The Monthly Journal
MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Vol. 69  No. 7  Pages 52
May  2021
Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra seeks to carry the message of Rural Development to all people. It serves as a forum for free, frank and serious discussion on the problems of Rural 
Development with special focus on Rural Uplift.
The views expressed by the authors in the articles are their own. They do not necessarily reflect the views of the Government or the organisations they work for.
The readers are requested to verify the claims in the advertisements regarding career guidance books/institutions. Kurukshetra does not own responsibility. Maps 
used  are for illustration & study purpose and may not strictly conform to the official map. Images, graphics and illustrations, wherever used, are mostly sourced from 
government channels and are indicative in nature. Final  Editing rights will vest with Kurukshetra Team.
Sales Emporia : ? Delhi - BM (I/c), Publications Division, CGO Complex, Soochna Bhavan, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110003 (011-24367260); 
Hall No. 196, Old Secretariat, Delhi 110054 (011-23890205) ? Kolkata - BM (I/c),  Publications Division, 8, Esplanade East, Kolkata-700069 
(033-22488030) ? Mumbai - BM (I/c), Publications Division, 701, C-Wing, 7th Floor, Kendriya Sadan, Belapur, Navi Mumbai-400614 
(022-27570686) ? Chennai - BM (I/c), Publications Division, ‘A’ Wing, Rajaji Bhawan, Besant Nagar, Chennai - 600090 (044-24917673)  
? Thiruvananthapuram - BM, Publications Division, Press Road, Near Govt. Press, Thiruvananthpuram - 6950001 (0471-2330650)  
? Hyderabad - BM, Publications Division, Room No. 204, 2nd Floor, C.G.O. Towers, Kavadiguda, Hyderabad-500080 (040-27535383)   
? Bengaluru - BM (I/c), Sales Unit, 1st Floor, ‘F’ Wing, Kendriya Sadan, Koramangala, Bengaluru - 560034 (080-25537244)  
? Patna - BM, Publications Division, Bihar State Co-operative, Bank Building, Ashoka Rajpath, Patna-800004 (0612-2683407)  
? Lucknow - BM, Publications Division, Hall No. 1, 2nd Floor, Kendriya Bhawan, sector – H, Aliganj, Lucknow - 226024 (0522-2325455)  
? Ahmedabad -  Sales Unit, Publications Division, 4-C, Neptune Tower, 4th Floor, Nr HP Petrol Pump, Nehru Bridge Corner, Ashram 
Road, Ahmedabad Gujarat -380009 (079-26588669)  ? Guwahati - Publications Division, Assam Khadi and Village Industries Board, 1st 
& 2nd Floor, MRD Road, Chandmari, Guwahati - 781003 (0361- 2668237/2664613)
? Ensuring Employment Growth 
through Innovations  
Manjula Wadhwa 31
CONTENT
? Promoting a Culture of Innovation 
and Entrepreneurship  
R. Ramanan, Naman Agrawal 
S. Mohit Rao 5
? India: Growing Market of Innovations 
Irtif Lone  12
? Empowering the Nation  
through Nari Shakti  
Sanyukta Samaddar  
Pankhuri Dutt 17
? Innovating Healthy Lifestyle  
Dr. Santosh Jain Passi  
Akanksha Jain 25
? Taking a llied Sector to Newer 
Heights  
Dr. Tasneem Q. khan  
Vishnu Sharma 37
? Innovation: Key towards Making 
Youth and Women Empowered  
Abhishek Mukherjee 43
? Rural India’s Innovation Pipeline   
Hindol Sengupta 49
SENIOR EDITOR 
Manogyan R. Pal
EDITOR 
Shiela  Chaudhary
Pankhuri Awasthi
PRODUCTION OFFICER 
K. Ramalingam
COVER DESIGN 
Rajender Kumar
EDITORIAL OFFICE
Room No. 653,  
Publications Division,  
Soochna Bhawan, 
C.G.O. Complex, Lodhi Road,  
New Delhi-110003 
Phone : 011-24362859  
Email : kurukshetrajournal@gmail.com
For Subscription Enquiries,  
Grievances,  Renewals and Agency  
Information, Please Contact:
Gaurav Sharma, Editor, Journals Unit,  
Publications Division 
Room No. 779,  
Soochna Bhawan, C.G.O. Complex,  
Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110 003
(Monday-Friday, 9:30 AM-6:00 PM)
TELE : 24367453 
FAx: 24365610
Email : pdjucir@gmail.com
WEBSITE : publicationsdivision.nic.in
For Online Sale, please log on to  
bharatkosh.gov.in/product, and for  
e-books, please visit Google Play,  
Kobo or Amazon.
Subscription* :
Inland
1 Year : `  230
2 Years : ` 430
3 Years : ` 610
Abroad (Air Mail)
One Year
` 530 (SAARC Countries)
` 730 (Other Countries)
* Revised from April 2016  
   Issue Onwards
Page 4


The Monthly Journal
MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Vol. 69  No. 7  Pages 52
May  2021
Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra seeks to carry the message of Rural Development to all people. It serves as a forum for free, frank and serious discussion on the problems of Rural 
Development with special focus on Rural Uplift.
The views expressed by the authors in the articles are their own. They do not necessarily reflect the views of the Government or the organisations they work for.
The readers are requested to verify the claims in the advertisements regarding career guidance books/institutions. Kurukshetra does not own responsibility. Maps 
used  are for illustration & study purpose and may not strictly conform to the official map. Images, graphics and illustrations, wherever used, are mostly sourced from 
government channels and are indicative in nature. Final  Editing rights will vest with Kurukshetra Team.
Sales Emporia : ? Delhi - BM (I/c), Publications Division, CGO Complex, Soochna Bhavan, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110003 (011-24367260); 
Hall No. 196, Old Secretariat, Delhi 110054 (011-23890205) ? Kolkata - BM (I/c),  Publications Division, 8, Esplanade East, Kolkata-700069 
(033-22488030) ? Mumbai - BM (I/c), Publications Division, 701, C-Wing, 7th Floor, Kendriya Sadan, Belapur, Navi Mumbai-400614 
(022-27570686) ? Chennai - BM (I/c), Publications Division, ‘A’ Wing, Rajaji Bhawan, Besant Nagar, Chennai - 600090 (044-24917673)  
? Thiruvananthapuram - BM, Publications Division, Press Road, Near Govt. Press, Thiruvananthpuram - 6950001 (0471-2330650)  
? Hyderabad - BM, Publications Division, Room No. 204, 2nd Floor, C.G.O. Towers, Kavadiguda, Hyderabad-500080 (040-27535383)   
? Bengaluru - BM (I/c), Sales Unit, 1st Floor, ‘F’ Wing, Kendriya Sadan, Koramangala, Bengaluru - 560034 (080-25537244)  
? Patna - BM, Publications Division, Bihar State Co-operative, Bank Building, Ashoka Rajpath, Patna-800004 (0612-2683407)  
? Lucknow - BM, Publications Division, Hall No. 1, 2nd Floor, Kendriya Bhawan, sector – H, Aliganj, Lucknow - 226024 (0522-2325455)  
? Ahmedabad -  Sales Unit, Publications Division, 4-C, Neptune Tower, 4th Floor, Nr HP Petrol Pump, Nehru Bridge Corner, Ashram 
Road, Ahmedabad Gujarat -380009 (079-26588669)  ? Guwahati - Publications Division, Assam Khadi and Village Industries Board, 1st 
& 2nd Floor, MRD Road, Chandmari, Guwahati - 781003 (0361- 2668237/2664613)
? Ensuring Employment Growth 
through Innovations  
Manjula Wadhwa 31
CONTENT
? Promoting a Culture of Innovation 
and Entrepreneurship  
R. Ramanan, Naman Agrawal 
S. Mohit Rao 5
? India: Growing Market of Innovations 
Irtif Lone  12
? Empowering the Nation  
through Nari Shakti  
Sanyukta Samaddar  
Pankhuri Dutt 17
? Innovating Healthy Lifestyle  
Dr. Santosh Jain Passi  
Akanksha Jain 25
? Taking a llied Sector to Newer 
Heights  
Dr. Tasneem Q. khan  
Vishnu Sharma 37
? Innovation: Key towards Making 
Youth and Women Empowered  
Abhishek Mukherjee 43
? Rural India’s Innovation Pipeline   
Hindol Sengupta 49
SENIOR EDITOR 
Manogyan R. Pal
EDITOR 
Shiela  Chaudhary
Pankhuri Awasthi
PRODUCTION OFFICER 
K. Ramalingam
COVER DESIGN 
Rajender Kumar
EDITORIAL OFFICE
Room No. 653,  
Publications Division,  
Soochna Bhawan, 
C.G.O. Complex, Lodhi Road,  
New Delhi-110003 
Phone : 011-24362859  
Email : kurukshetrajournal@gmail.com
For Subscription Enquiries,  
Grievances,  Renewals and Agency  
Information, Please Contact:
Gaurav Sharma, Editor, Journals Unit,  
Publications Division 
Room No. 779,  
Soochna Bhawan, C.G.O. Complex,  
Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110 003
(Monday-Friday, 9:30 AM-6:00 PM)
TELE : 24367453 
FAx: 24365610
Email : pdjucir@gmail.com
WEBSITE : publicationsdivision.nic.in
For Online Sale, please log on to  
bharatkosh.gov.in/product, and for  
e-books, please visit Google Play,  
Kobo or Amazon.
Subscription* :
Inland
1 Year : `  230
2 Years : ` 430
3 Years : ` 610
Abroad (Air Mail)
One Year
` 530 (SAARC Countries)
` 730 (Other Countries)
* Revised from April 2016  
   Issue Onwards
Kurukshetra      May  2021
4
Editorial
Innovations have been a driving force in growth of the economy across the world. 
India being one of the fastest growing economies of the world, it has emerged as an 
important destination for innovations in various fields. India is ranked amongst the top 
50 countries (48
th
) by World Intellectual Property Organization in the Global Innovation 
index 2020 an improvement from 81
st
 rank in 2015. The consistent improvement in 
India’s global rankings is owing to the immense knowledge capital, the vibrant startup 
ecosystem, and the work carried out by the public and private research organizations. 
The Government of India has taken several measures across sectors to promote 
innovation. The decade (2010-20) was identified as the decade of innovation. The 
Department of Science and Technology, the Department of Biotechnology and the 
Department of Space are playing important roles in promoting the national innovation 
Ecosystem. Keeping in mind the central theme of this issue ‘promoting innovation', it 
focusses on the various aspects of innovations being carried out across sectors.
The fast-growing $ 180 billion Information Technology Enabled Services ITES and 
biotech industry in the country over the past decade has shown the world, India’s 
scientific, engineering and technological advancement and capabilities. The global 
industrial majors are leveraging on Indian talent through setting up Research and 
Development hubs in India. Aatma Nirbhar Bharat has now turned the gaze of this 
world-class innovative talent inwards, to create products and services for the Indian 
market at par with other countries. This issue covers the aspects of promoting a culture 
of innovation and entrepreneurship in the country.
For promotion of healthy lifestyle, there is a need to innovate and promote 
nutritionally wholesome diets and healthy lifestyles both during- as well as in the 
post COVID-19 pandemic period. There is a need for innovating strategies to minimize 
disruption of food supplies so that needy people have access to healthy diets.
In an era of Information and communication technology advancement through 
innovation has resulted in creation of millions of new jobs. To ensure employment 
through innovations, India needs to monetize innovative ideas by unshackling our 
entrepreneurial spirit. For innovation to flourish, ideas must be funded and taken to 
market.
Innovation supports economic growth. India’s demographic dividend with the 
majority of the population in the working age group calls for innovation to provide 
sustainable employment for the youth. For addressing gender issues and empowering 
the women population, it is imperative to promote innovation at grassroot level.
With a huge market available for scaling up of the innovations, the push to the 
Innovation sector in India is huge both from the government as well as the private 
players. The government is focused on creating innovation and incubation labs. This 
issue discussed measures being taken to ensure that India positions itself in the top 
ten economies in the Global Innovation Index.
Agriculture plays a vital role in India’s economy as more than half of the 
population depends on it and its allied sectors such as, livestock, fisheries, forestry 
and sericulture. These interlinked sectors are known as allied sectors which include 
horticulture, sericulture, food processing and animal husbandry. This issue explains 
various measures the government is taking to boost farmers’ income with a special 
focus on agri-allied sectors.
Hope readers find all the write ups in the issue informative and insightful.
Page 5


The Monthly Journal
MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Vol. 69  No. 7  Pages 52
May  2021
Kurukshetra
Kurukshetra seeks to carry the message of Rural Development to all people. It serves as a forum for free, frank and serious discussion on the problems of Rural 
Development with special focus on Rural Uplift.
The views expressed by the authors in the articles are their own. They do not necessarily reflect the views of the Government or the organisations they work for.
The readers are requested to verify the claims in the advertisements regarding career guidance books/institutions. Kurukshetra does not own responsibility. Maps 
used  are for illustration & study purpose and may not strictly conform to the official map. Images, graphics and illustrations, wherever used, are mostly sourced from 
government channels and are indicative in nature. Final  Editing rights will vest with Kurukshetra Team.
Sales Emporia : ? Delhi - BM (I/c), Publications Division, CGO Complex, Soochna Bhavan, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110003 (011-24367260); 
Hall No. 196, Old Secretariat, Delhi 110054 (011-23890205) ? Kolkata - BM (I/c),  Publications Division, 8, Esplanade East, Kolkata-700069 
(033-22488030) ? Mumbai - BM (I/c), Publications Division, 701, C-Wing, 7th Floor, Kendriya Sadan, Belapur, Navi Mumbai-400614 
(022-27570686) ? Chennai - BM (I/c), Publications Division, ‘A’ Wing, Rajaji Bhawan, Besant Nagar, Chennai - 600090 (044-24917673)  
? Thiruvananthapuram - BM, Publications Division, Press Road, Near Govt. Press, Thiruvananthpuram - 6950001 (0471-2330650)  
? Hyderabad - BM, Publications Division, Room No. 204, 2nd Floor, C.G.O. Towers, Kavadiguda, Hyderabad-500080 (040-27535383)   
? Bengaluru - BM (I/c), Sales Unit, 1st Floor, ‘F’ Wing, Kendriya Sadan, Koramangala, Bengaluru - 560034 (080-25537244)  
? Patna - BM, Publications Division, Bihar State Co-operative, Bank Building, Ashoka Rajpath, Patna-800004 (0612-2683407)  
? Lucknow - BM, Publications Division, Hall No. 1, 2nd Floor, Kendriya Bhawan, sector – H, Aliganj, Lucknow - 226024 (0522-2325455)  
? Ahmedabad -  Sales Unit, Publications Division, 4-C, Neptune Tower, 4th Floor, Nr HP Petrol Pump, Nehru Bridge Corner, Ashram 
Road, Ahmedabad Gujarat -380009 (079-26588669)  ? Guwahati - Publications Division, Assam Khadi and Village Industries Board, 1st 
& 2nd Floor, MRD Road, Chandmari, Guwahati - 781003 (0361- 2668237/2664613)
? Ensuring Employment Growth 
through Innovations  
Manjula Wadhwa 31
CONTENT
? Promoting a Culture of Innovation 
and Entrepreneurship  
R. Ramanan, Naman Agrawal 
S. Mohit Rao 5
? India: Growing Market of Innovations 
Irtif Lone  12
? Empowering the Nation  
through Nari Shakti  
Sanyukta Samaddar  
Pankhuri Dutt 17
? Innovating Healthy Lifestyle  
Dr. Santosh Jain Passi  
Akanksha Jain 25
? Taking a llied Sector to Newer 
Heights  
Dr. Tasneem Q. khan  
Vishnu Sharma 37
? Innovation: Key towards Making 
Youth and Women Empowered  
Abhishek Mukherjee 43
? Rural India’s Innovation Pipeline   
Hindol Sengupta 49
SENIOR EDITOR 
Manogyan R. Pal
EDITOR 
Shiela  Chaudhary
Pankhuri Awasthi
PRODUCTION OFFICER 
K. Ramalingam
COVER DESIGN 
Rajender Kumar
EDITORIAL OFFICE
Room No. 653,  
Publications Division,  
Soochna Bhawan, 
C.G.O. Complex, Lodhi Road,  
New Delhi-110003 
Phone : 011-24362859  
Email : kurukshetrajournal@gmail.com
For Subscription Enquiries,  
Grievances,  Renewals and Agency  
Information, Please Contact:
Gaurav Sharma, Editor, Journals Unit,  
Publications Division 
Room No. 779,  
Soochna Bhawan, C.G.O. Complex,  
Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110 003
(Monday-Friday, 9:30 AM-6:00 PM)
TELE : 24367453 
FAx: 24365610
Email : pdjucir@gmail.com
WEBSITE : publicationsdivision.nic.in
For Online Sale, please log on to  
bharatkosh.gov.in/product, and for  
e-books, please visit Google Play,  
Kobo or Amazon.
Subscription* :
Inland
1 Year : `  230
2 Years : ` 430
3 Years : ` 610
Abroad (Air Mail)
One Year
` 530 (SAARC Countries)
` 730 (Other Countries)
* Revised from April 2016  
   Issue Onwards
Kurukshetra      May  2021
4
Editorial
Innovations have been a driving force in growth of the economy across the world. 
India being one of the fastest growing economies of the world, it has emerged as an 
important destination for innovations in various fields. India is ranked amongst the top 
50 countries (48
th
) by World Intellectual Property Organization in the Global Innovation 
index 2020 an improvement from 81
st
 rank in 2015. The consistent improvement in 
India’s global rankings is owing to the immense knowledge capital, the vibrant startup 
ecosystem, and the work carried out by the public and private research organizations. 
The Government of India has taken several measures across sectors to promote 
innovation. The decade (2010-20) was identified as the decade of innovation. The 
Department of Science and Technology, the Department of Biotechnology and the 
Department of Space are playing important roles in promoting the national innovation 
Ecosystem. Keeping in mind the central theme of this issue ‘promoting innovation', it 
focusses on the various aspects of innovations being carried out across sectors.
The fast-growing $ 180 billion Information Technology Enabled Services ITES and 
biotech industry in the country over the past decade has shown the world, India’s 
scientific, engineering and technological advancement and capabilities. The global 
industrial majors are leveraging on Indian talent through setting up Research and 
Development hubs in India. Aatma Nirbhar Bharat has now turned the gaze of this 
world-class innovative talent inwards, to create products and services for the Indian 
market at par with other countries. This issue covers the aspects of promoting a culture 
of innovation and entrepreneurship in the country.
For promotion of healthy lifestyle, there is a need to innovate and promote 
nutritionally wholesome diets and healthy lifestyles both during- as well as in the 
post COVID-19 pandemic period. There is a need for innovating strategies to minimize 
disruption of food supplies so that needy people have access to healthy diets.
In an era of Information and communication technology advancement through 
innovation has resulted in creation of millions of new jobs. To ensure employment 
through innovations, India needs to monetize innovative ideas by unshackling our 
entrepreneurial spirit. For innovation to flourish, ideas must be funded and taken to 
market.
Innovation supports economic growth. India’s demographic dividend with the 
majority of the population in the working age group calls for innovation to provide 
sustainable employment for the youth. For addressing gender issues and empowering 
the women population, it is imperative to promote innovation at grassroot level.
With a huge market available for scaling up of the innovations, the push to the 
Innovation sector in India is huge both from the government as well as the private 
players. The government is focused on creating innovation and incubation labs. This 
issue discussed measures being taken to ensure that India positions itself in the top 
ten economies in the Global Innovation Index.
Agriculture plays a vital role in India’s economy as more than half of the 
population depends on it and its allied sectors such as, livestock, fisheries, forestry 
and sericulture. These interlinked sectors are known as allied sectors which include 
horticulture, sericulture, food processing and animal husbandry. This issue explains 
various measures the government is taking to boost farmers’ income with a special 
focus on agri-allied sectors.
Hope readers find all the write ups in the issue informative and insightful.
Kurukshetra      May  2021
5
R. Ramanan, Naman Agrawal, and S. Mohit Rao
It is a known fact that Indian scientists, thinkers, and innovators are well known across the world who have made several 
significant scientific discoveries. India is considered as one of the major scientific centres in the world which have excelled in 
the fields of mathematics, warfare, geometry , astronomy , medicine, space science, physics, chemistry , botany , etc. The world is 
changing at a rapid pace. Radical technological advancements are transforming the world and giving rise to new technology and 
business innovations at an exponential rate. 
Promoting a Culture of innovation and Entrepreneurship
ne of the oldest civilisations in the 
world, the Indian civilisation has been 
one of the most active contributors 
to the global science and technology 
arena. Be it the idea of zero, decimal systems, 
binary digits, wootz steel, plastic surgery, cataract 
surgery, Ayurveda, defence to just name a few. 
It is a known fact that Indian scientists, 
thinkers, and innovators are well known across the 
world who have made several significant scientific 
discoveries. India is considered one of the major 
scientific centres in the world which have excelled 
in the fields of mathematics, warfare, geometry, 
astronomy, medicine, space science, physics, 
chemistry, botany, etc. This extends to many other 
areas, including fine arts, architecture, literature, 
and economics too.
Science and technology plays a pivotal role 
in the development of a nation, be it economic, 
social, or overall development. India has one of 
the strongest networks of Science and technology 
institutions and a sizeable pool of highly skilled 
manpower. India has been steadily rising in the 
Global Innovation Index (GII) rankings and was 
ranked at 48
th
 position in 2020 from 52
nd
 position 
in 2019
1
. The power of the 3
rd 
largest scientific and 
technical manpower in the world has many Multi 
National Companies like Samsung, Bosch, Microsoft, 
CISCO, etc. have started focusing on India to leverage 
the capability we have to offer. India is the youngest 
country in 2020, with 64 percent of the population 
in the working-age group
2
. This provides a huge 
opportunity for the young, 
ambitious, and increasingly 
educated youth to become 
job creators rather than being 
job seekers.
The world is changing at 
a rapid pace. Radical technological advancements 
are transforming the world and giving rise to 
new technology and business innovations at an 
exponential rate. Electronics miniaturisation has 
enabled a computer the size of a room to fit the size 
of our pockets with the convergence of computing, 
storage, and communications at incredibly lower 
costs. Robotics and artificial intelligence are driving 
next-generation productivity and automation. 
The Internet of Things (IoT) links cutting edge 
sensor technologies to convention al industries 
- from facilitating precision farming to water 
treatment and maintenance, climate change control, 
forecasting and disaster management, driverless 
cars and spacecraft. Big data and analysis as well as 
artificial intelligence enable electronic commerce 
and complex decisions thanks to advanced and user-
friendly tools. All these technologies are accessible 
today and are affordable. 
u nless our children in the 
schools have access to and 
become familiar with these 
technologies, tinker with, 
experiment with, design 
solutions, create prototypes, 
O
Science and technology plays a pivotal role in the 
development of a nation, be it economic, social, or 
overall development. India has one of the strongest 
networks of Science and technology institutions and a 
sizeable pool of highly skilled manpower.
Read More
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