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LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

Document Description: LRDI For IIFT 2018 for CAT 2022 is part of Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) preparation. The notes and questions for LRDI For IIFT 2018 have been prepared according to the CAT exam syllabus. Information about LRDI For IIFT 2018 covers topics like and LRDI For IIFT 2018 Example, for CAT 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for LRDI For IIFT 2018.

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Directions: Based on the information given below, answer the questions which follow.
The data on select economic indicators for entire world comprising of 7 regions namely East Asia & Pacific, Europe & Central Asia, Latin America & Caribbean, Middle East & North Africa, North America, South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa is presented in Table-1 for the year 2017. Further, Table-2 represents the economic indicators for select countries.
GNI refers to Gross National Income (USD Billions). PPP refers to Purchasing Power Parity (USD Billions). POP refers to Population (Millions) and SA refers to Surface Area (Thousands sq. km)

Table-1: Economic Indicators for Different Regions of World

LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

Table-2: Economic Indicators for Select Countries
LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Arrange the countries in order of increasing population density (number of people per sq. kms).
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:For which of the region, the 'GNI per capita' is closest to that of 'GNI per capita' of world?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:What percentage of world's GNI is represented by combined GNI of India and US?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Which region has third lowest difference between 'PPP per capita' and 'GNI per capita'?
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Directions: Based on the information given below, answer the questions which follow.
The occupancy rate of a hotel is the share of available rooms that are occupied during a given time. Figure- I presents quarter wise average hotel occupancy in four regions (Asia-Pacific, America, Europe and Middle East & Africa) for the year 2016. Figure-2, shows the revenue of select hotel chains worldwide in 2016.

Figure-1: Region Wise Average Hotel Occupancy Rates
Occupancy rates

LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

Regions→
Figure-2: Revenue of Select Hotel Chains Worldwide
LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT
 Hotels→

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Considering the total revenue of the hotel industry in 2016 as 495.17 billion USD. what is the percentage contribution of revenue of select hotel chains to hotel industry revenue?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:For Hilton Worldwide, considering 70% average occupancy rate for 365 days of operations and average room rent of 350 USD per day, the total number of rooms available (in 000's) in Hilton Worldwide per day approximately are:
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:If the number of available rooms in each of the four regions (Asia-Pacific, America, Europe and Middle East & Africa) are in the ratio 1:2:5:4, the average occupancy rate for Quarter-1 are:
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Assuming that there is no change in the number of available rooms in a given year in all four regions, the correct arrangement in the increasing order of average annual occupancy rates is :
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Directions: Based on the information answer the questions which follow.
IBM is one of the most valuable technology brand in the world. Visualizing the trends, IBM has added and dropped business segments across years. For example, "Technology Services and Cloud Platforms (TSCP)" which started in 2015 only, generated a revenue of approximately 34280 million U.S. Dollars in 2017. Table shows the Global Revenue generated by IBM in nine different segments of its business from 2010 to 2017 in millions USD.

IBM's Golbal Revenue from 2010 to 2017 (in millions  U.S. Dollars)

LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

TSCP-Technology Services & Cloud Platforms. CS-Cognitive Solutions, GBS-Global Business Services, SYS-Systems, GF-Global Financing, Other. SOFT-Software. GTS-Global Technology Services and S&T-Systems and Technology

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:For the year 2017, if the revenue in different segments is represented on a pie-chart, what sector angle would be represented by 'Global Business Services (GBS)'?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Which segment has earned third highest cumulative revenue in the time period 2010-2017?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:The profit booked by IBM in year 2012 is USD 49 billion. Considering equal percentage profit margins across all segments, then approximate profit made by 'Systems and Technology' in millions USD is
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:By how much is ratio of percentage of 'revenue from Global Business Services' to 'Total Revenue' lower than ratio of percentage of 'revenue from Cognitive Solutions' to 'Total Revenue' for the year 2016?
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Directions: Based on the information answer the questions which follow.
The Logistics Performance Index (LPI) is an interactive benchmarking tool created by the World Bank to help countries identify the challenges and opportunities they face in their performance on trade logistics and what they can do to improve their performance. It is a measure of the country scores on six key indicators: Customs, Infrastructure, International Shipments, Logistics Competence, Tracking & Tracing and Timeliness. Table shows the LPI indicators (on the scale of 1 to 5) of select countries on these indicators. Figure below presents the perceived performance of these indicators (on the scale of 1 to 5) of India on these 6 indicators.

Table: LPI Indicators of Select Countries in 2018

LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

Figure: LPI Indicators for India

LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Considering Logistics Performance Index as the average of the scores obtained on the six parameters, the correct sequence of the countries in increasing order of LPI in the year 2018 is
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Arrange the countries in ascending order on the basis of score obtained on (Timeliness) - (Logistics Competence)
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:In which year the difference between the score obtained on Timeliness between Germany and India is minimum considering the score obtained on Timeliness for Germany as 4.39, 4.45, 4.36, 4.32, 4.48 and 4.33 for 2018, 2016, 2014, 2012, 2010 and 2007 respectively?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:The difference in performance of which indicator in 2018 as compared to that of 2007 is minimum for India?
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Directions: Based on the information answer the questions which follow.
The data was collected for an industry in order to analyse the impact and importance of select parameters. The Figure represents performance of the industry on select parameters which arc Fixed Capital. Materials, Value added and Number of Factories from the year 2008-09 to 2015-16. Total inputs - (Output — Value added). Table represents select performance indicators which are Output, Number of Workers and Emoluments from the year 2008-09 to 2015-16.

Figure: Industry Indicators from 2008-09 to 2015-16

LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

Table: Industry Indicators from 2008-09 to to 2015-16

LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:In which of the following year annual growth rate in emoluments per worker is highest?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:In which of the following year fixed capital per factory is lowest?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:In which of the following year Material as a proportion of 'Total inputs' is highest?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:For how many years annual percentage growth in fixed capital is greater than annual percentage growth in number of factories?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Find the value of X.

LRDI For IIFT 2018 Notes | Study Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

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Directions: Based on the information answer the questions which follow.
Six friends Albert, Betty, Claire, Daisy, Evan and Fred who are working in different organisations, are looking for a switch in their jobs. They came across an advertisement in the newspaper regarding a job fair being organised in New Delhi. After enrolling for the fair, different days are allotted to each one of them from Monday to Saturday not necessarily in the same order, starting from Monday. They also had to arrange for their stay in different hotels to concentrate well while preparing for the upcoming interviews namely Taj, Hilton, Crowne Plaza, Radisson, Hyatt and Marriott.
Additional information provided is as follows:
(i) Albert prefers to stay in Taj but not in Hilton. Albert does not work in Whirlpool and participates in the Job fair on Monday. The person who works in Whirlpool participates in the Job fair on Saturday.
(ii) Fred does not stay in Hyatt but works in Himalaya.
(iii) Betty and Daisy participate in the Job fair on consecutive days.
(iv) Claire participates in the Job fair on the day before the person staying in Crowne Plaza but on the next day of Pepsi employee.
(v) The person working with Oppo participates in the Job fair on Friday and does not stay in I {ikon.
(vi) Claire who is working with Nestle participates in the Job fair at a gap of one day prior to Evan.
(vii) Daisy stays in Marriott and attends the conference on the last day of the week.
(viii) The person working with Apple stays in Radisson.

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Which of the following friend is working with Apple?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Who participated in the job fair on Wednesday.?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:If the current salary packages of the friends working in Whirlpool, Nestle, Himalaya, Pepsi, Oppo and Apple are 20, 30. 40; 50, 60 and 70 Iakhs per annum in the same order, then at the time of participating in job fair find the average annual package of Albert, Betty and Fred?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Which of the following friend is staying in Hilton:
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Based on the information below, answer the questions which follow.
Richie invites three of his friends Sunny, Pinky and Nancy for his birthday party organised at his home. As the party goes on till late in the night, Sunny, Pinky and Nancy choose to stay at Richie's house. Being good friends they usually stay back at each other's house. Each one of them including Richie stay either in the room painted blue or in the room painted purple. They have adequate number of rooms of both colours.
The preferences which need to be fulfilled are:

  • If Sunny stays in the room painted purple, then Pinky and Richie stay in the same room as Nancy.
  • If Pinky stays in the room painted purple, then Sunny stays in the room in which Nancy and Richie don't stay.
  • if Nancy stays in the room painted blue, then Sunny and Richie stay in the room which Pinky has chosen.
  • If Richie stays in the room painted Blue then Sunny and Pinky do not stay in the same room as Nancy.

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Under all possible combinations which of the two friends will always have their room colours unchanged.
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:If Richie chose to stay in the room painted blue, then in which room does Pinky stay?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:If Pinky does not like to stay in the blue painted room, then where will Sunny stay?
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Directions: Based on the information answer the questions which follow.
An agent has to send a secret message to CBI office in Delhi. He needs to compile his message using following 12 code words- Scare, Logical, Mouse, Beauty, Helping, Roses, Cats, Doctor, Arguments. Crude. Ferry and Mineral. The agent compiles the coded message and delivers it to CBI office in form of a 4 × 3 matrix. Each coded word has been allocated a position in the matrix 1  × 2 position represents row 1 and column 2).
The clues to compile the secret message are:

  • The words in 2 × 1 and 3 × 1 have the same number of letters.
  • Roses is to the immediate left of Beauty and Mineral is immediately above Roses.
  • The word in 4 × 3 is shorter than the word in 1 × 2.
  • Ferry is separated from Helping horizontally by only one word Logical.
  • Arguments is at position 2 × 3 in the matrix and the word immediately below it has odd number of letters.
  • Crude and Doctor are in the same horizontal row and Crude is to the right of Doctor.
  • Cats is not in the same row or column as Mouse.

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:The product of the position of a coded word is 8. Identify the word.
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:The sum of letters of which row is 19?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Which word is represented in 4 x 3?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Which of the following are placed diagonally in-the matrix?
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Directions: Based on the information answer the questions which follow.
Eight officers of Indian Trade Service meet for a cup of coffee at Coffee Point. The officers P, Q, R, S, T. U. V and W are seated in a circle and discuss issues related to Trade in Services, Trade in Intellectual Property Rights. Investments. Tariffs, Remedies. Standards. Trade Facilitation and Subsides not necessarily in the same order. An MBA student sitting on the next table overhears the discussion and ranks the issues as per their importance from 1 to 8. No two issues can have the same rank and no two officers can have the same position.
Additional information available is:

  • P is sitting to the immediate left of S and the officer opposite to S discusses issues pertaining to Remedies.
  • U's issue is ranked 7th and there is one officer between U and the officer whose issue is ranked 2nd.
  • The officer whose issue is ranked 1 is not opposite to the officer whose issue is ranked 8 who represents issues related to Investments.
  • The ranks of the issues raised by the officers sitting opposite to each other cannot be both even or both odd.
  • The officer discussing issues related to Trade in Services is sitting opposite to T. T is sitting at a gap of one place from P.
  • R is sitting opposite to Q and represent issues related to Standards and Trade in Intellectual Property Rights not necessarily in the same order.
  • P's issue was ranked 4th and he was discussing issues related to Tariffs and sits opposite to the officer ranked 5th who represents issues related to Subsidies.
  • The officers representing issues related to Trade in Services and Trade facilitation are sitting adjacent to each other.

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Which officer discusses Remedies and what is its rank?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:If the officer V is to the immediate right of the officer representing Trade Facilitation, then the officer 4th to the right of V discusses which issue?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Which possible issues can be represented by W?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:The officer to the 4th right to the officer discussing the issues related to Remedies, is discussing which issue?
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Directions: Based on the information answer the questions which follow.
A consultant to Department of Commerce. Government of Bianca has suggested 30 products which have high export potential. Dora an entrepreneur and prospective exporter notices that these products can be grouped in three ways- Machine made goods, Handmade goods and Intermediate goods. Among these 30 products some products are both machine made and intermediate goods but not handmade goods. Few products have a combination of handmade and machine made goods but not intermediate goods. Some products are handmade and intermediate goods but not machine made goods. Further it is seen that handmade-machine made goods are I less than machine made-intermediate goods. Similarly the total number of handmade-intermediate goods is I less than machine made-intermediate goods. There are just 4 products common across all product groups i.e. machine made-handmade- intermediate goods. Apart from this the number of only handmade goods is same as only machine made goods but less than only intermediate goods. Each product group/combination has at least one product. Dora prefers to export machine made goods and avoid hand made goods. She finds out that only handmade goods are twice the machine made-intermediate goods and the number of only intermediate goods is an even number. Whereas her close friend Sara prefers to export intermediate goods followed by only handmade goods.

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:Sara and Dora prefer to export as many common products as possible in order to understand the regulatory conditions. Keeping their preferences intact, what is the maximum number of common products which can be exported by both of them?
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:If another exporter Abeer prefers to export only intermediate goods, then the total number of products which both Abeer and Dora export are
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Directions: Based on the information answer the questions which follow.
Nautanki a famous play group from Eastern India is playing different shows every hour starting from 10am with a two hour lunch break from I pm to 3 pm after which the show resumes at 3 pm. Entry tickets for different shows are coded with 7 words each day. The same words are rearranged for different shows following a definite rule.
For example:
Show 1 : Banana is the favourite fruit of Bina
Show 2 : the is of favourite Bina fruit Banana
Show 3 : of is fruit favourite Banana Bina the
And so on till the last show at 9 pm.

Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:If on some other day, for the fourth show the code is 'All of Delhi welcome to the show' Then the code for entry ticket for the first show on that day is
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Question for LRDI For IIFT 2018
Try yourself:If the entry code for the show at 7 pm is 'Do things to help others in difficulty' Then the code for entry ticket for the show at 12 noon of that day was
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