Q.1. Discuss the merits and demerits of the two-party system and a multi-party system.
Q.2. How has an increase in the number of state or regional parties strengthened democracy in India?
Ans. Democracy means more and more representation of people in the running of the government and the opportunity to influence the government. As India is a federal state, more regional parties mean, more influence of state parties in national politics. The regional parties have a say in national policies as they win elections in their states. No single national party (from among the six in India) has been able to form a government on its own strength since 1996. They had to form alliances with the regional parties to form a coalition government at the Centre. This has strengthened federalism and democracy in our country.
Q.3. Mention some of the suggestions made to reform political parties.
Ans. Laws made to regulate internal politics:
It should be mandatory to give 1/3 party tickets to women candidates. There should be a quota for women in decision making bodies.
The government or the state should help parties during elections by funding them.
Q.4. Which two other ways can help in reforming political parties?
How can an ordinary citizen help in reforming political parties?
Q.5. Write short notes on:
(i) Ideology of the Indian National Congress (INC)
(ii) States in which Bahujan Samaj Party has its main base.
(i) The Indian National Congress is one of the oldest political parties in the world, and is India’s oldest political party. It is a party which is neither leftist nor rightist in its ideology. Its main aim is secularism, welfare of the weaker sections and minorities. It projects a vision of a politically united, economically prosperous, socially just and culturally harmonious India. Its six basic policies are social harmony, employment for the youth, rural development, economic resurgence, women’s employment, and equal opportunity.(ii) The Bahujan Samaj Party has its base in the state of Uttar Pradesh and substantial presence in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Delhi and Punjab. It has formed a government in Uttar Pradesh several times.
Q.6. In what ways is the Nationalist Congress Party different from the Indian National Congress?
Ans. The NCP was formed in 1999, when a split took place in the Congress Party. Its aims are almost the same as those of the parent body. They also support the cause of democracy, Gandhian secularism, equality, social justice and federalism. But they want that high offices in government should be held only by natural born citizens of India. Sharad Pawar, P.A. Sangma and Tariq Anwar, members of the Congress Party, objected to a person of foreign origin becoming the Prime Minister of India and formed this new party. It has the biggest support in Maharashtra and important presence in Meghalaya, Manipur and Assam. It is a coalition partner in Maharashtra, in alliance with the Congress. Since 2004, it remained a\ member of the United Progressive Alliance. (UPA).
Q.7. Political parties play a major role in democracy. Give four points to justify this statement.
Describe any four functions of political parties in India. [2011 (T-2)]
What is a political party? Highlight any three functions of parties in a democracy. [2011(T-2)]
“Political parties are necessary in a democracy.” In the light of this statement explain any four functions of political parties in India. [2011 (T-2)]
Q.8. Describe various challenges faced by political parties.
|1. What is a political party?|
|2. How are political parties formed in India?|
|3. What is the role of a political party in a democracy?|
|4. How do political parties raise funds for their activities?|
|5. How can citizens participate in the activities of political parties?|