Q.1. Explain the challenges faced by Indian democracy while holding free and fair elections.
(i) Casteism and communalism. Voters in India vote on the basis of caste and religion. They do note consider the ability of the candidate. In the same way, parties are affected by caste and community. They give tickets based on the above consideration and not the ability.
(ii) Money power : A lot of money is spent by parties and candidates to win the favour of the voters. They try to buy votes by wooing the poor, the illiterate and lower classes. The ordinary citizens cannot contest elections.
(iii) Unfair advantage lies with bigger parties. They have more resources as compared to smaller parties and independent candidates.
(iv) Voters have no choice : There is sometimes no difference in the agenda of different parties. It is only a clash of personalities and voter has no choice.
(v) Politics have been criminalised in recent times. More and more people with criminal background are winning elections. They indulge in booth capturing, and rigging during elections. They use muscle power to intimidate the voters.
(vi) Politicians misuse government machinery during elections.
Q.2. What sustains democracy in India?
How can the principles of democracy be applied to all spheres of life. [2011 (T-2)]
Ans. India has been a democracy since it won independence in 1947. Sixty three years have not shaken the roots of democracy in our country.
Q.3. What is the role of an ordinary citizen in a democracy?
|1. What are some of the major challenges to democracy?|
|2. How do authoritarian regimes pose a challenge to democracy?|
|3. How does increasing inequality affect democracy?|
|4. What role does corruption play in challenging democracy?|
|5. How does the threat of populism impact democracy?|