MCQ Question Bank (with Solutions) : Democracy in the Contemporary World | EduRev Notes

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Class 9 : MCQ Question Bank (with Solutions) : Democracy in the Contemporary World | EduRev Notes

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1. Which one of the following countries was the first to grant ‘Universal Suffrage’ ? [CBSE-2010-980701-A1980721-C1, 2011-480014]
 
(a) Russia
(b) Germany
(c) New Zealand
(d) Netherlands
 
2. Which one of the following is not the function of United Nations (UN) ? [CBSE-2010-980701-A1]
 
(a) Maintain international peace and security
(b) Solve social and political problems through international cooperation
(c) Install democratic governments in non-democratic countries
(d) Promote Human rights
 
3. Which of the following international institutions directly asks the concerned government to show all its accounts and directs it to make changes in its economic policy ?
Choose the correct answer : [CBSE-2010-980701-C1]
 
(a) The General Assembly
(b) The Economic and Social Council
(c) The World Bank
(d) The Security Council
 
4. A direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal is termed as : [CBSE-2010-980701-C1, 980720-B1]
 
(a) Coalition
(b) Referendum
(c) Veto
(d) Election
 
5. How many member countries are there in Security Council of the UN ? [CBSE-2010-980707-A1, A2, 2011-480012, 41]
 
(a) 25
(b) 20
(c) 15
(d) 10
 
6. The President of the World Bank has always been a citizen of : [CBSE-2010-980707-A1, A2]
 
(a) US
(b) UK
(c) Japan
(d) France
 
7. Soviet Union broke down in : [CBSE-2010-980707-B1, 980721-C1, 2011-480030, 31, 32, 38]
 
(a) 1990
(b) 1991
(c) 1992
(d) 1993
 
8. ‘Gold coast’ was the ancient name of : [CBSE-2010-980707-B1, 2011-480039, 44]
 
(a) Poland
(b) Chile
(c) Myanmar
(d) Ghana
 
9. Pinochet’s military dictatorship came to an end in Chile in : [CBSE-2010-980707-C1, C2, 2011-480025, 38]
 
(a) 1978
(b) 1988
(c) 1999
(d) 2000
 
10. Name of Ghana as British Colony was : [CBSE-2010-980709-A1]
 
(a) Burma
(b) Mesopotamia
(c) Ivory coast
(d) Gold coast
 
11. Power of permanent member of Security Council to say no is called : [CBSE-2010-980709-A1, 2011-480039]
 
(a) Veto
(b) Ceato
(c) Referendum
(d) Objection
 
12. Name of the leader in Myanmar put under House arrest is : [CBSE-2010-980709-B1]
 
(a) Ban Ki Moon
(b) U. Thant
(c) Aung San Suu Kyi
(d) Khalida Zia
 
13. Organisation which lends money to Governments in need is : [CBSE-2010-980709-B1, 2011-480043]
 
(a) NATO
(b) IMF
(c) UNESCO
(d) SAARC
 
14. Which of these countries is not a permanent member of Security Council : [CBSE-2010-980709-C1, 980715-A1, 2011-480021]
 
(a) Russia
(b) China
(c) France
(d) Germany
 
15. Who was the President of Chile, before 11 September 1973 ? [CBSE-2010-980710-A1]
 
(a) Fidel Castro
(b) Salvador Allende
(c) Gen. Augusto Pinochet
(d) Ernesto Guevara
 
16. Which one of the following refers to the right of a person, party or nation to stop a certain decision or law : [CBSE-2010-980710-A1, 980711-A2]
 
(a) Martial Law
(b) Referendum
(c) Veto
(d) Electorate
 
17. A military coup took place in Chile on 11 September 1973. The Army General who led the coup was : [CBSE-2010-980709-C1, 710-B1, B2, 2011-480025, 40]
(a) Gen. Allende
(b) Gen. Augusto Pinochet
(c) Gen. Hugo Chavez
(d) Gen. Alberto Bachelet
 
18. A condition under which the freedom of expression is taken away is called : [CBSE-2010-980710-B1, B2]
 
(a) Coalitionship
(b) Cancelship
(c) Comradeship
(d) Censorship
 
19. Fight for democracy in Myanmar is led by the leader of National League for Democracy. Her name is : [CBSE-2010-980711-A1, 721-A1]
 
(a) Kys Soo Choo
(b) Sai Soo Cho Lee
(c) Aung San Suu Kyi (Soo Chi)
(d) None of the above
 
20. A system of rules that takes place when a military authority takes control of the normal administration of Justice. This is : [CBSE-2010-980711-A2]
 
(a) Administration
(b) Justice law
(c) Common law
(d) Martial law
 
21. The permanent members of UN Security Council have the power of “Veto” . Which one of the following statements is incorrect with reference to veto ?
[CBSE-2010-980715-A1]
 
(a) The word has Latin origin which means “I forbid” .
(b) It gives unlimited power to stop a decision
(c) It can be exercised by any permanent member
(d) It can be used to adopt a decision also
 
22. By 1900 which was the only country in the world to grant Universal Adult Franchise to its citizens ? [CBSE-2010-980715-B1]
 
(a) Russia
(b) Germany
(c) USA
(d) New Zealand
 
23. Choose the correct meaning of the term “VETO” [CBSE-2010-980715-B1, 2011-480023, 33]
 
(a) It means to pass a decision by majority
(b) It means to pass a decision by two third majority
(c) It means to stop a decision by a single member
(d) It means to adopt a decision by a single member
 
24. Who is the present Secretary General of the United Nations Organisation? [CBSE-2010-980720-A1]
 
(a) Kofi Annan
(b) Trygve Lie
(c) Ban Ki Moon
(d) U-Thant
 
25. Strike the odd one out : [CBSE-2010-980720-A1]
(a) General Assembly
(b) International Court of Justice
(c) Security Council
(d) Veto
 
26. Which organ of the United Nations is responsible for maintaining peace and security among countries ? [CBSE-2010-980720-B1, 2011-480036]
 
(a) UN Security Council
(b) International Monetary Fund
(c) World Bank
(d) General Assembly
 
27. Which country is not a permanent member of UN Security Council ? [CBSE-2010-980720-C1]
 
(a) China
(b) France
(c) United States of America
(d) Japan
 
28. Why was International Monetary Fund established ? [CBSE-2010-980720-C1]
 
(a) To maintain peace and security among the countries.
(b) Lends money to governments of member nations when in need.
(c) To implement and formulate trade agreements.
(d) To take decision regarding misery and poverty of western countries.
 
29. First Prime Minister of Ghana was : [CBSE-2010-721-A1]
 
(a) Augusto Pinochet
(b) N Krumah
(c) General Bachelet
(d) Allende
 
30. Who was the leader of Solidarity Movement in Poland ? [CBSE-2010-980721-C1, 2011-480024]
 
(a) Michelle Bachelet
(b) Salvador Allende
(c) Lech Walesa
(d) Pinochet
 
31. Which was the only country where every adult had voting right by 1900 ? [CBSE-2010-980724-A1, 2011-480026]
 
(a) U.S.A.
(b) U.K.
(c) New Zealand
(d) Australia
 
32. What was one major demand in the nineteenth century struggles for democracy ? [CBSE-2010-980724-A1]
 
(a) Political equality
(b) Freedom and justice
(c) Equal rights to women
(d) Right for every adult citizen to vote
 
33. What is the total number of members in the UN General Assembly ? [CBSE-2010-980724-A2, 2011-480040]
 
(a) 200
(b) 190
(c) 192
(d) 205
 
34. Who among the following in UN has always been a citizen of the US ? [CBSE-2010-980724-A2]
(a) Treasury Secretary
(b) President of the World Bank
(c) Finance Secretary
(d) Secretary General
 
35. Which organ of the UNO is the most powerful for international peace ? [CBSE-2011-480011]
 
(a) General Assembly
(b) Security Council
(c) International Court of Justice
(d) World Bank
 
36. For how many years did Pinochet rule Chile ? [CBSE-2011-480011]
 
(a) 17
(b) 20
(c) 25
(d) 10
 
37. Which one of the following UN Secretary General, said that the “US war on Iraq was not legal” ? [CBSE-2011-480012]
 
(a) Kofi Annan
(b) B. Buterash Ghali
(c) U. Thant
(d) Ban Ki Moon
 
38. Which one of the following countries does not have veto power in the Security Council of the United Nations ? [CBSE-2011-480013]
 
(a) United States
(b) Britain
(c) Germany
(d) China
 
39. Which of the following incidents accelerated the process of democracy in the world after 1990 ? [CBSE-2011-480014]
 
(a) Democracy in Nepal
(b) Democracy in Pakistan
(c) Disintegration of Soviet Union
(d) Poland’s freedom from Soviet control
 
40. Which one of the following terms means ‘a sudden overthrow of the government illegally’ ? [CBSE-2011-480015]
 
(a) Martial Law
(b) Revolution
(c) Referendum
(d) Coup
 
41. Who amongst the following was elected as the President of Chile in the presidential election in 1970 ? [CBSE-2011-480015, 27]
 
(a) Salvador Allende
(b) Augusto Pinochet
(c) Michelle Bachelet
(d) Lech Walesa
 
42. Who amongst the following has been awarded the Nobel Prize ? [CBSE-2011-480021]
 
(a) Kim Soo Choo
(b) Aung Sin Choo
(c) Aung San Suu Kyi
(d) Kim Lee Sung
 
43. Who was elected as the President of Chile in January 2006 ?[CBSE-2011-480022]
 
(a) Mictelle Bachelet
(b) Michelle Bachelet
(c) Miyelle Bachelet
(d) Mich Bachelet
 
44. In which country, there is no democracy ? [CBSE-2011-480022]
 
(a) India
(b) U.S.A.
(c) Myanmar
(d) France
 
45. Which of the following does not lead to the spread of democracy ? [CBSE-2011-480024]
 
(a) Struggle of people
(b) Invasion of a foreign country
(c) End of colonialism
(d) People’s desire for freedom
 
46. In which year was the Universal Adult Franchise granted in India ? [CBSE-2011-480025, 30, 44]
 
(a) 1947
(b) 1950
(c) 1948
(d) 1949
 
47. Which one of the following situations is democratic ? [CBSE-2011-480026]
 
(a) General Pinochet, an Army General of Chile, led a coup and became a President of the country.
(b) In China, always the communist party only wins in elections and forms the government.
(c) The government led by Jaruzelski in Poland, imposed martial law and imprisoned thousands of solidarity members who took in strike.
(d) The African National Congress of South Africa drew up a Constitution which gave most extensive rights to its citizens.
 
48. The number of republics into which the Soviet Union broke down in 1991 were : [CBSE-2011-480028]
 
(a) 20
(b) 15
(c) 18
(d) 12
 
49. Which one of the following statements is incorrect in the context of democracy ? [CBSE-2011-480027]
 
(a) The British colonies in North America declared themselves independent in 1776.
(b) USA adopted a democratic Constitution in 1787.
(c) Many countries in Europe gave right to vote to any propertied people.
(d) In United States of America, all the citizens including the Black were given right to vote from the beginning.
 
50. In which country of Africa, democracy was replaced by military in 1966 ? [CBSE-2011-480029]
 
(a) S. Africa
(b) Ghana
(c) Uganda
(d) Bolivia
 
51. In Great Britain, Universal Adult Franchise was granted in : [CBSE-2011-480029]
 
(a) 1911
(b) 1918
(c) 1949
(d) 1928
 
52. Who was ruling Poland in 1980 ? [CBSE-2011-480034]
 
(a) Polish United Party
(b) Soviet Democratic Party
(c) Polish Workers Party
(d) Polish United Workers Party
 
53. Which one of the following is not related to democratic government ? [CBSE-2011-480037]
 
(a) Pinochet in Chile
(b) Allende in Chile
(c) Walesa in Poland
(d) Michelle in Chile
 
54. Which of the following is the biggest moneylender for any country in the world ? [CBSE-2011-480041]
 
(a) World Bank
(b) International Monetary Fund
(c) Reserve Bank of India
(d) Reserve Bank of Scotland
 
55. In America, the Universal Adult Franchise was introduced in : [CBSE-2011-480042, 43]
 
(a) 1789
(b) 1950
(c) 1876
(d) 1965
 
 
ANSWERS
1. (c) New Zealand
2. (c) Install democratic governments in non-democratic countries
3. (c) The World Bank
4. (b) Referendum
5. (c) 15
6. (a) US
7. (b) 1991
8. (d) Ghana
9. (b) 1988
10. (d) Gold coast
11. (a) Veto
12. (c) Aung San Suu Kyi
13. (b) IMF
14. (d) Germany
15. (b) Salvador Allende
16. (c) Veto
17. (b) Gen. Augusto Pinochet
18. (d) Censorship
19. (c) Aung San Suu Kyi (Soo Chi)
20. (d) Martial law
21. (d) It can be used to adopt a decision also
22. (d) New Zealand
23. (c) It means to stop a decision by a single member
24. (c) Ban Ki Moon
25. (d) Veto
26. (a) UN Security Council
27. (d) Japan
28. (b) Lends money to governments of member nations when in need.
29. (b) N Krumah
30. (c) Lech Walesa
31. (c) New Zealand
32. (d) Right for every adult citizen to vote
33. (c) 192
34. (b) President of the World Bank
35. (b) Security Council
36. (a) 17
37. (a) Kofi Annan
38. (c) Germany
39. (c) Disintegration of Soviet Union
40. (d) Coup
41. (a) Salvador Allende
42. (c) Aung San Suu Kyi
43. (b) Michelle Bachelet
44. (c) Myanmar
45. (b) Invasion by a foreign country
46. (b) 1950
47. (d) The African National Congress of South Africa drew up a Constitution which gave most extensive rights to its citizens.
48. (d) 15
49. (d) In United States of America, all the citizens including the Black were given right to vote from the beginning.
50. (b) Ghana
51. (d) 1928
52. (d) Polish United Workers Party
53. (a) Pinochet in Chile
54. (b) International Monetary Fund
55. (d) 1965

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