Malwa, Jaunpur and Gujarat
Points To Be Remembered
- Bengal was known in Delhi as ‘hell crammed with good things’. Though conquered, the province had never been assimilated to the Delhi empire.
- Azam Shah of Bengal had close relations with the famous learned men of his times, including the famous Persian poet, Hafiz of Sheraz.
- Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah of Bengal re-established friendly relations with the Chinese. The Chinese emperor received his envoy cordially and, in 1409, sent his own envoy with present to the sultan and his wife, and a request to send Buddhist monks to China.
- During his period Chittagong port became a flourishing port for trade with China.
- Azam Shah patronised the Bengali language. The celebrated poet Maladhar Basu, compiler of Sri-Krishna-Vijaya, was patronised by the sultan and was granted the title of Gunaraja.
- Ala-ud-din Hussain is said to have shown great respect to the famous Vaishnavite saint, Chaitanya.
- Since the time of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji, the Muslim rulers of Bengal has tried to bring the Brahmaputra valley in modern Assam under their control.
Points To Be Remembered
- There were two warring kingdoms in north Bengal and Assam at that time. Kamata was in the west, and the Ahom kingdom was in the east. The Ahoms, a Mongoloid tribe from north Burma, had succeeded in establishing a powerful kingdom in the thirteenth century, and had become Hinduised in course of time.
- Iliyas Shah invaded Kamta and, it seems, penetrated upto Gauhati. However, he could not hold the area, and the river Karatoya was accepted as the north-east boundary of Bengal.
- An attack by Ala-ud-din Hussain Shah which was supported by the Ahoms led to the destruction of the city of Kamatpur and the annexation of the kingdom to Bengal.
- The Vaishnavite reformer, Shankaradeva, belonged to the time of Svarga Narayana and played an important role in the spread of Vaishnavism in the area.
- In 1360, while returning from his Bengal campaign, Firuz Tughladesecrated the famous Jagannatha temple.
- The Jama Masjid in Ahmadabad and the Tin Darwaza are fine examples of the style of architecture during the period of Ahmad Shah of Gujarat.
- Ahmad Shah imposed Jizaya on the Hindus in Gujarat which had never been imposed on them earlier.
- According to Barbosa, a traveller, Mahmud Begarha, from his childhood, had been nourished on some poison so that if a fly settled on his hand, it swelled and immediately lay dead.