UPSC Exam  >  UPSC Notes  >  Marginalization and role of civil society, Notes, Sociology, IAS, UPSC

Marginalization and role of civil society, Notes, Sociology, IAS, UPSC PDF Download

Marginalization and role of civil society

Marginalization has been defined as a complex process of relegating specific groups of people to the lower or outer edge of society. It effectively pushes these groups of people to the margin of society economically, politically, culturally and socially following the policy of exclusion. It denies a section of the society equal access to productive resources and avenues for the realization of their productive human potential and opportunities for their full capacity utilization. This pushes the community to poverty, misery, low wage and discrimination and livelihood insecurity. Their upward social mobility is being limited. Politically this process of relegation denies people equal access to the formal power structure and participation in the decision making processes leading to their subordination to and dependence on the economically and politically dominant groups of society. As a consequence of the economic, political and cultural deprivation a vast chunk of the population has emerged to be socially ignorant, illiterate, uneducated and dependent. Devoid of the basic necessities of life they are relegated to live on the margins of society.

In developing countries like India, civil societies have assumed much significant role for the social development of the marginalized people. The marginalized community look upon the civil society with expectation as state’s development initiatives have failed to percolate to the bottom strata of the society.In the contemporary development scenario, the concept of empowerment of the marginalized has got a special focus and civil society initiatives have been given special emphasis. As the role of civil society has acquired a role for the social development, it has developed relationship with marginalized community. 

The document Marginalization and role of civil society, Notes, Sociology, IAS, UPSC is a part of UPSC category.
All you need of UPSC at this link: UPSC

FAQs on Marginalization and role of civil society, Notes, Sociology, IAS, UPSC

1. What is marginalization and what is its impact on society?
Ans. Marginalization refers to the process by which certain individuals or groups are pushed to the edges or margins of society, denying them equal access to resources, opportunities, and decision-making power. This social phenomenon leads to exclusion, inequality, and limited social participation. The impact of marginalization can be seen in various forms such as economic deprivation, social isolation, discrimination, and powerlessness.
2. How does civil society play a role in addressing marginalization?
Ans. Civil society, which includes non-governmental organizations, community groups, and activists, plays a crucial role in addressing marginalization. They act as advocates for marginalized individuals or groups, raising awareness about their issues and demanding social change. Civil society organizations often provide support services, promote inclusivity and diversity, and engage in advocacy and policy-making processes to challenge the structural barriers that perpetuate marginalization.
3. What are some examples of civil society initiatives aimed at addressing marginalization?
Ans. There are several examples of civil society initiatives aimed at addressing marginalization. One example is the formation of support groups or organizations for marginalized communities, such as LGBTQ+ support groups or women's empowerment organizations. Another example is the establishment of community-based initiatives that provide education and skills training to marginalized individuals, helping them overcome barriers to social and economic opportunities. Civil society also plays a role in advocating for policy changes that promote inclusivity and equality.
4. How can civil society collaborate with government institutions to address marginalization?
Ans. Civil society can collaborate with government institutions to address marginalization through various means. They can engage in dialogue and consultation processes with government representatives to raise awareness about the issues faced by marginalized groups and propose policy changes. Civil society organizations can also partner with government agencies to implement programs and initiatives that address the specific needs of marginalized communities. Collaboration between civil society and government institutions can lead to more effective and sustainable solutions to the challenges of marginalization.
5. What are the potential challenges faced by civil society in addressing marginalization?
Ans. Civil society faces several challenges in addressing marginalization. One challenge is limited resources, as many civil society organizations rely on donations and funding that may be insufficient to tackle the complex and systemic issues of marginalization. Another challenge is facing resistance or opposition from powerful groups or institutions that benefit from existing systems of inequality. Additionally, civil society organizations may struggle to maintain sustained support and engagement from marginalized communities themselves, who may have limited trust or face barriers in accessing their services.
Download as PDF
Explore Courses for UPSC exam

How to Prepare for UPSC

Read our guide to prepare for UPSC which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Related Searches

Semester Notes

,

Exam

,

Sociology

,

IAS

,

UPSC

,

ppt

,

Free

,

Notes

,

pdf

,

Sociology

,

Marginalization and role of civil society

,

Marginalization and role of civil society

,

Sociology

,

UPSC

,

practice quizzes

,

Objective type Questions

,

mock tests for examination

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

study material

,

Notes

,

IAS

,

Viva Questions

,

Sample Paper

,

Marginalization and role of civil society

,

Notes

,

Extra Questions

,

IAS

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

UPSC

,

Summary

,

video lectures

,

past year papers

,

Important questions

,

MCQs

;