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**Class X****Mathematics – Standard****Sample Question Paper 2020-21****Max. Marks : 80****Duration : 3 hrs.**

**General Instructions : **

1. This question paper contains two parts A and B.

2. Both Part A and Part B have internal choices.

**Part – A : **

1. It consists two sections - I and II.

2. Section I has 16 questions of 1 mark each. Internal choice is provided in 5 questions.

3. Section II has 4 questions on case study. Each case study has 5 case-based sub-parts. An examinee is to attempt any 4 out of 5 sub-parts.

**Part – B : **

1. Section III, Question No. 21 to 26 are Very short answer Type questions of 2 marks each.

2. Section IV, Question No. 27 to 33 are Short Answer Type questions of 3 marks each.

3. Section V, Question No. 34 to 36 are Long Answer Type questions of 5 marks each.

4. Internal choice is provided in 2 questions of 2 marks, 2 questions of 3 marks and 1 question of 5 marks.

**Part – A**

**Sections - I**

**Section I has 16 questions of 1 mark each. Internal choice is provided in 5 questions.**

**Q.1. ****What is the product of a non-zero rational and an irrational number? (1 Mark)ORIf two positive integers a and b are written as a = x**

Since a = x^{3}y^{2} = x x x x x x y x y and

b = xy^{3} = x x y x y x y,

Thus, HCF of a and b = x x y x y = xy^{2}**Q.2. If one of the zeroes of the cubic polynomial x ^{3} + ax^{2} + bx + c is −1, then the product of the other two zeroes. (1 Mark)**

OR

Is equation x^{2} + x – 5 = 0 has two distinct real roots ? Justify (1 Mark)

∵ One of the zeroes of f(x) is –1 so

f (-1) = 0

(-1)^{3} + a(-1)^{2} + b(-1) + c = 0

-1 + a - b + c = 0

a - b + c = 1

c = 1 + b - a

Now, αβγ = -d / a [∵ a = 1, d = c]

-1βγ = -c / 1

βγ = c

βγ = 1 + b – a**OR**

x^{2} + x – 5 = 0

On comparing with ax^{2} + bx + c = 0

a = 1, b = 1, c = – 5

Discriminant D = b^{2} – 4ac = 0

(1)^{2} – 4 (1) (– 5) = 1 + 20 = 21 > 0

Hence, the equation has two distinct real roots.**Q.3. AOBC is a rectangle whose three vertices are vertices A (0, 3), O (0, 0) and B (5, 0). What is the length of the diagonal? (1 Mark)****OR****From a point P which is at a distance of 13 cm from the centre O of a circle of radius 5 cm, the pair of tangents PQ and PR to the circle are drawn. Then the area of the quadrilateral PQOR. (1 Mark)****Ans. **According to the question, a triangle can be represented as :

∴ Distance between the points A (0, 3) and B (5, 0) is

= √34 units

Hence, the required length of diagonal is √34 units.

**OR**

PQ is tangent and QO is radius at contact point Q.

∴ ∠PQO = 90°

∴ By Pythagoras theorem,

PQ^{2} = OP^{2} - OQ^{2}

= 132 - 52 = 169 - 25 = 144

⇒ PQ = 12 cm

∴ ΔOPQ ≅ ΔOPR [SSS congruence]

∴ Area of ΔOPQ = area of ΔOPR

[Since, congruent figures are equal in areas]

Area of quadrilateral QORP = 2 area of ΔOPR

= 2 x 1 / 2 base × height

= RP × OR

= 12 × 5

= 60 cm^{2}**Q.4. What is the diameter of a circle whose area is equal to the sum of the areas of the two circles of radii 24 cm and 7 cm is. (1 Mark)****Ans. **Let r_{1} = 24 cm and r_{2} = 7 cm

Area of first circle = πr_{1}^{2} = π(24)^{2} = 576π cm^{2}

Area of second circle = πr_{2}^{2} = (7) = 49 cm^{2}

According to question, Area of circle = Area of first circle + Area of second circle πR^{2} = 576π +49π

[where, R be radius of circle]

R^{2} = 625 ⇒ R = 25 cm

Diameter of a circle = 2R = 2 × 25 = 50 cm.**Q.5. If two solid hemispheres of same base radius ‘r’ are joined together along their bases, then curved surface area of this new solid. (1 Mark)****Ans. **When two hemispheres of equal radii are joined base to base, new solid becomes sphere and curved surface area of sphere is 4πr^{2}.**Q.6. It is given that ΔABC~ ΔDFE, ∠A = 30°, ∠C = 50°, AB = 5 cm, AC = 8 cm and DF = 7.5 cm. Then, DE = 12 cm, ÐF = 100° is true or not, justify. (1 Mark)****Ans. **Since ΔABC ~ ΔDFE, we have

∠Z = ∠D = 30°, ∠B = ∠F = 100°, ∠C = ∠E = 50°,

Using basic proportionality theorem**Q.7. What is the coordinates of the point which lies on the perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining the points A(– 2, – 5) and B(2, 5). (1 Mark)****Ans. **The perpendicular bisector of any line segment always passes through the mid-point of the line segment.

Mid-point of any line segment which passes through the points (x_{1}, y_{1}) and (x_{2}, y_{2}) is given by

So, Co-ordinates of the mid-point of the line segment joining the points A(– 2, – 5) and B(2, 5) is**Q.8. If all the zeroes of a cubic polynomial are negative, then what are the signs of all the coefficients and the constant term of the polynomial? (1 Mark)****Ans. **If f(x) = ax^{3} + bx^{2} + cx + d = 0. Then, for all negative roots, a, b, c and d must have same sign.**Q.9. Find the solution of pair of equations y = 0 and y = – 7 (1 Mark)ORIf the lines given by 3x + 2ky = 2 and 2x + 5y + 1 = 0 are parallel, then the value of k? (1 Mark)**

For parallel lines (or no solution)

a

⇒ 3 / 2 = 2k / 5 ≠ -2 / 1

⇒ 4k = 15

⇒ k = 15 / 4 or k not equal to – 5

Thus, a

= a + 17d – (a + 12d)

= a + 17d – a – 12d

= 5d = 5 × 5 = 25.

Here, ∠OAB = 90° – 50° = 40° (∵ PA ⊥ OA)

∠OAB = ∠OBA = 40°

(∵ OA and OB are radii)

∴ ∠AOB + 40° + 40° = 180°

∠AOB = 180° – 80° = 100°

Hence ∠AOB = 100°**Q.13. If tan (3x + 30°) = 1, then find the value of x. (1 Mark)****Ans. **tan (3x + 30°)= 1 = tan 45°

or, 3x + 30° = 45° or, x = 5°**Q.14. If the circumferences of two concentric circles forming a ring are 88 cm and 66 cm respectively. Find the width of the ring. (1 Mark)****Ans. **∵ Circumference of the outer circle, 2πr_{1} = 88 cm

∴ r_{1} = 88 x 7 / 22 x 2 = 14 cm.

∵ Circumference of the inner circle, 2πr_{2} = 66 cm

∴ r_{2} = 66 x 7 / 2 x 22 = 21 / 2 cm = 10.5 cm

∴ Width of the ring = r_{1} – r_{2}

= 14 – 10.5 cm = 3.5 cm.**Q.15. Volume and surface area of a solid hemisphere are numerically equal. What is the diameter of hemisphere? (1 Mark)ORFind the number of solid spheres of diameter 6 cm can be made by melting a solid metallic cylinder of height 45 cm and diameter 4 cm. (1 Mark)**

Given, volume of hemisphere = Surface area of hemisphere

or, 2 / 3 πr

or, r = 9 / 2 units

∴ Diameter = 9 / 2 x 2 = 9 units.

Let the number of spheres be n.

Radius of sphere r

radius of cylinder r

Volume of n spheres = Volume of cylinder

or,

or, 36 n = 180

or, n = 180 / 36 = 5

Thus, the number of solid spheres = 5.

Median =

=

= 12.4 / 3 + 21 / 3

=

= 33.4 / 3 = 11.13

**Section - II**

**Case study based questions are compulsory. Attempt any four sub parts of each question. Each subpart carries 1 mark**

**Q.17. ****Case Study based - 1 :**

In a potato race, a bucket is placed at the starting point, which is 5 m from the first potato, and the other potatoes are placed 3 m apart in a straight line. There are ten potatoes in the line (see figure below).

A competitor starts from the bucket, picks up the nearest potato, runs back with it, drops it in the bucket, runs back to pick up the next potato, runs to the bucket to drop it in, and she continues in the same way until all the potatoes are in the bucket.

**(a) What is the distance travelled by competitor to pick 1st potato? (1 Mark)****(i) 10 ****(ii) 16 ****(iii) 22 ****(iv) 48****Ans. **(i)**Solution. **The distance travelled by the competitor to pick 1st potato = 2 × 5 = 10

**(b) What is the distance travelled by competitor to pick 2nd potato? (1 Mark)****(i) 10 ****(ii) 16 ****(iii) 22 ****(iv) 48****Ans. **(ii)**Solution. **The distance travelled by the competitor to pick 2nd potato = 2 × (5 + 3) = 16

**(c) What is the distance travelled by competitor to pick 3rd potato? (1 Mark)****(i) 10 ****(ii) 16 ****(iii) 22 ****(iv) 48****Ans. **(iii)**Solution. **The distance travelled by the competitor to pick 3rd potato = 2 × (5 + 6) = 22

**(d) The given problem is based on which concept? (1 Mark)****(i) AP ****(ii) GP ****(iii) HP ****(iv) None of these****Ans. **(i)**Solution. **The numbers involved in this case is in AP in which a = 10, d = 6, n = 10

**(e) Find the total distance travelled by the competitor? (1 Mark)****(i) 300 ****(ii) 370 ****(iii) 730 ****(iv) 700****Ans. **(ii)**Solution. **

Since,

, we have

= 5 × [24 + 54]

= 5 × 74 = 370

Thus, the total distance travelled by the competitor to pick all the potatoes is 370 m.**Q.18. Case Study based - 2 :**

Ayush Starts walking from his house to office. Instead of going to the office directly, he goes to a bank first, from there to his daughter's school and then reaches the office. (Assume that all distances covered are in straight lines). If the house is situated at (2, 4), bank at (5, 8), school at (13, 14) and office at (13, 26) and coordinates are in km.

**(a) What is the distance between house and bank? (1 Mark)(i) 5 (ii) 10 (iii) 12 (iv) 27**

Now, distance between house and bank,

= √25

= 5

**(b) What is the distance between Daughter ’s School and bank? (1 Mark)(i) 5 (ii) 10 (iii) 12 (iv) 27**

= √100

= 10

**(c) What is the distance between house and office? (1 Mark)****(i) 24.6 ****(ii) 26.4 ****(iii) 24 ****(iv) 26****Ans. **(ii)**Solution. **Distance between house to office,

= √605

= 24.59

= 24.6 km

**(d) What is the total distance travelled by Ayush to reach the office? (1 Mark)(i) 5 (ii) 10 (iii) 12 (iv) 27Ans.** (iv)

= 12

Total distance (House + Bank + School + Office) travelled = 5 + 10 + 12 = 27 km

**(e) What is the extra distance travelled by Ayush? (1 Mark)(i) 2 (ii) 2.2 (iii) 2.4(iv) None of these**

An aeroplane leaves an airport and flies due north at a speed of 1,000 km per hour. At the same time, another aeroplane leaves the same airport and flies due west at a speed of 1,200 km per hour.

**(a) What is the distance travelled by aeroplane towards north after 1 ½ hours? (1 Mark) (i) 1000 (ii) 1200 (iii) 1500 (iv) 1800Ans.** (iii)

OA = 1000 x 3 / 2

= 1,500 km

**(b) What is the distance travelled by aeroplane towards west after 1 ½ hours? (1 Mark)(i) 1000 (ii) 1200 (iii) 1500 (iv) 1800**

OB = 1200 x 3 / 2

= 1,800 km

**(c) ∠AOB is (1 Mark)(i) 90° (ii) 45° (iii) 30° (iv) 60°**

**(d) How far apart will be the two planes after** **1 ½ hours? (1 Mark)****(i) √22,50,000 ****ii) √32,40,000 ****(iii) √54,90,000 ****(iv) None of these****Ans. **(iii)**Solution. **Since ΔAOB is right triangle, by using Pythagoras Theorem, we have

AB^{2} = OA^{2} + OB^{2}

= (1,500)^{2} + (1,800)^{2}

= 22,50,000 + 32,40,000

= 54,90,000

Thus, the two planes after 1 ½ hours is at a distance of AB = √54,90,000

**(e) The given problem is based on which concept? (1 Mark)**(i) Triangles

(ii) Co-ordinate geometry

(iii) Height and Distance

(iv) None of these

Ans.

A horse is tied to a peg at one corner of a square shaped grass field of sides 15 m by means of a 5 m long rope (see the given figure).

**(a) What is the area of the grass field? (1 Mark)(i) 225 m ^{2} (ii) 225 m (iii) 255 m^{2} (iv) 15 m**

= 15 × 15 = 225 m

**(b) The area of that part of the field in which the horse can graze. (1 Mark)(i) 19.625 m ^{2} (ii) 19.265 m^{2} (iii) 19 m^{2} (iv) 78.5 m**

Area that can be grazed by horse

= Area of sector

=

=

= 19.625 cm

**(c) The grazing area if the rope were 10 m long instead of 5 m. (1 Mark)(i) 7.85 m ^{2} (ii) 785 m^{2} (iii) 225 m^{2} (iv) 78.5 m^{2}Ans. **(iv)

Solution.

=

=

= 78.5 cm

**(d) The increase in the grazing area if the rope were 10 m long instead of 5 m. (1 Mark)(i) 58.758 m ^{2} (ii) 58.875 m^{2 }(iii) 58 m^{2} (iv) 78.5 m**

= (78.5 – 19.625) m

= 58.875 m

**(e) The given problem is based on which concept? (1 Mark)**(i) Coordinate geometry

(ii) Area related to circles

(iii) Circle

(iv) None of these

**Part - B**

**Section - III**

**All questions are compulsory. In case of internal choices, attempt any one.**

**Q.21. Complete the following factor tree and find the composite number x : (2 Mark)****Ans. **

y = 5565

z = 53

∴ x = 11,130**Q.22. ABC is a right triangle, right angled at C. Let BC = a, CA = b, AB = c and p be the length of perpendicular from C to AB. Prove that cp = ab. (2 Mark)****OR****In the figure, PQRS is a trapezium in which PQ || RS. On PQ and RS, there are points E and F respectively such that EF intersects SQ at G. Prove that EQ × GS = GQ × FS. (2 Mark)****Ans. **Let CD ⊥ AB,

Then CD = p

Area of ΔABC = 1 / 2 x base x height

or, Area of ΔABC with base AB

= 1 / 2 x AB x CD

= 1 / 2 cp

Also, Area of ΔABC with base BC

= 1 / 2 x BC x AC

= 1 / 2 ab

So, 1 / 2 cp = 1 / 2 ab

or, cp = ab.

Hence proved.**OR**

In ΔGEQ and ΔGFS

∠EGQ = ∠FGS

(vert. opp. angles)

∠EQG = ∠FSG (alt. angles)

∴ ΔGEQ ~ ΔGFS (AA similarity)

or, EQ / FS = GQ / GS

or, EQ × GS = GQ × FS.**Q.23. Find cosec 30° and cos 60° geometrically. (2 Mark)ORProve that : (2 Mark)**

Let a triangle ABC with each side equal to 2a.

∠A = ∠B = ∠C = 60°

Draw AD perpendicular to BC

ΔBDA ≌ ΔCDA by RHS congruence criteria

BD = CD

∠BAD = ∠CAD = 30° by CPCT

In ΔBDA, cosec 30° = AB / BD = 2a / a = 2

and cos 60° = BD / AB = a / 2a = 1 / 2

LHS =

=

=

=

= 1

= RHS**Q.24. From the top of light house, 40 m above the water, the angle of depression of a small boat is 60°. Find how far the boat is from the base of the light house. (2 Mark)****Ans. **Let AB be the light house and C be the position of the boat.

Since, ∠PAC = 60° ∴ ∠ACB = 60°

Let BC be x m.

In ΔABC, AB / BC = tan 60°

⇒ 40 / x = √3

⇒

= 40√3 / 3 m

Hence, the boat is 40√3 / 3 m away from the foot of the light house.**Q.25. Find the area of the square that can be inscribed in a circle of radius 8 cm. (2 Mark)****Ans. **Diameter of the circle = diagonal of square

= 2 × 8 = 16 cm

Let x be the side of square.

∴ x√2 = 16 or, x = 8√2

Area of square = x^{2} = (8√2)^{2}

= 128 cm^{2}**Q.26. The mean and median of 100 observations are 50 and 52 respectively. The value of the largest observation is 100. It was later found that it is 110 not 100. Find the true mean and median. (2 Mark)****Ans. **Mean = Σfx / Σf

⇒ 50 = Σfx / 100

⇒ Σfx = 5000

Correct, Σfx' = 5000 – 100 + 110 = 5010

∴ Correct Mean = 5010 / 100

= 50.1

Median will remain same i.e. median = 52

**Section - IV**

**All questions are compulsory. In case of internal choices, attempt any one.**

**Q.27. Determine the values of m and n so that the following system of linear equations have infinite number of solutions : (3 Mark) ****(2m – 1)x + 3y – 5 = 0 ****and 3x + (n – 1)y – 2 = 0****ORSolve for x and y : (3 Mark)**

(2m – 1)x + 3y – 5 = 0 ...(i)

a

and for equation

3x + (n – 1)y – 2 = 0 ...(ii)

a

For a pair of linear equations to have infinite number of solutions

a

or

or 2(2m – 1) = 15 and 5(n – 1) = 6

Hence, m = 17 / 4 and n = 11 / 5

Given,

or, 3x + 4y = – 6 ...(i)

and

or, 3x – y = 9 ...(ii)

On subtracting eqn. (ii) from eqn. (i),

∴ y = – 3

Putting y = – 3 in eq (i), we get

3x + 4 (– 3) = – 6

3x – 12 = – 6

3x = 12 – 6

3x = 6

∴ x = 2

Hence, x = 2 and y = – 3.**Q.28. Write all the values of p for which the quadratic equation x ^{2} + px + 16 = 0 has equal roots. Find the roots of the equation so obtained. (3 Mark)**

D = p

p

∴ x

x ± 4 = 0

∴ Roots are x = – 4 and x = 4

Given quadratic equation,

x

If this equation has equal roots, then discriminant value is zero

i.e., D = b

Now, comparing the given quadratic equation with

ax

a = 1, b = p and c =16

∴ From eq (ii), p

⇒ þ^{2} = 64

⇒ p = ±8

When þ = 8, From eq (i),

x^{2} + 8x +16 = 0

⇒ x^{2} + 4x + 4x +16 = 0

⇒ x(x + 4) + 4(x + 4) = 0

⇒ (x + 4)(x + 4) = 0

⇒ x = –4, –4

Hence, roots are –4 and –4. when p = – 8,

From eg (i), x^{2} – 8x + 16 = 0

⇒ x^{2} – 4x – 4x +16 = 0

⇒ x(x – 4) –4(x – 4) = 0

⇒ (x – 4) (x – 4) = 0

⇒ x = 4, 4

Hence, the required roots are either – 4, – 4 or 4, 4**Q.29. If the sum of first m terms of an AP is the same as the sum of its first n terms, show that the sum of its first (m + n) terms is zero. (3 Mark)****Ans. **

⇒ 2a (m – n) + d (m^{2} – m – n^{2} + n) = 0

⇒ (m – n) [2a + (m + n – 1) d] = 0

or S_{m+n} = 0**Detailed Solution :**

Sum of first m terms = Sum of first n terms

⇒ S_{m} = S_{n}

m [2a + (m – 1) d] = n [2a + (n – 1) d]

m [2a + (m – 1) d] – n [2a + (n – 1) d] = 0

2a (m – n) + [m (m – 1) – n (n – 1)] d = 0

2a (m – n) + [m2 – m – n2 + n] d = 0

2a (m – n) + [(m – n) (m + n) – (m – n)] d = 0

(m – n) [2a + (m + n – 1) d] = 0

Here, (m – n) is not equal to zero.

So, [2a + (m + n – 1)d] = 0

Hence, S_{m + n} = 0.**Q.30. A vertical row of trees 12 m long casts a shadow 8 m long on the ground, At the same time a tower casts the shadow 40 m long on the ground. (3 Mark)****Ans.** **(i)** Let AB be the vertical tree and AC be its shadow. Also, let DE be the vertical tower and DF be its shadow. Join BC and EF. Let DE = x.

We have

AB = 12 m

AC = 8 m

and DF = 40 m

In ΔABC and ΔDEF,

∠A = ∠D = 90°

Since, the sun casts equal angle at the same time

∠C = ∠F

Therefore by AA criterion of similarity, we have

ΔABC ~ ΔDEF

or, AB / DE = AC / DF

or, 12 / x = 8 / 40

or,

or, x = 60 m. or, height of tower =60 m. 1**(ii)** Similar Triangles.**Q.31. AB is a chord of circle with centre O. At B, a tangent PB is drawn such that its length is 24 cm. The distance of P from the centre is 26 cm. If the chord AB is 16 cm, find its distance from the centre. (3 Mark)****OR****Prove that the lengths of two tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal. (3 Mark)****Ans. **Given, AB is a chord of circle with centre O and tangent PB = 24 cm, OP = 26 cm.

Construction : Join O to B and draw OC ⊥ AB.

By Pythagoras theorem,

= 10 cm

Now, in ΔOBC, BC = 1 / 2 AB = 16 / 2 = 8 (Perpendicular drawn from the centre to a chord bisects it.)**OR****Given :** AP and BP are tangents of circle having centre O.**To Prove :** AP = BP**Construction : **Join OP, AO and BO**Proof : **ΔOAP and ΔOBP

OA = OB (Radius of circle)

OP = OP (Common side)

∠OAP = ∠OBP = 90°

(Radius – tangent angle)

ΔOAP ≌ ΔOBP

(RHS congruency rule)

AP = BP (CPCT)

Hence Proved.**Q.32. One card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of getting (3 Mark)****(a) Non face card, ****(b) Black king or a Red queen, ****(c) Spade card.****Ans. (a)** Total number of cards = 52

Number of non-face cards

= 52 – 12 = 40

P(non-face cards) = 40 / 52 = 10 / 13**(b)** Number of black kings = 2

Number of red queens = 2

P(a black Kind or a red queen) = 4 / 52 = 1 / 13**(c)** Number of spade cards = 13

P (Spade cards) = 13 / 52 = 1 / 4**Q.33. Prove that : (cot θ – cosec θ) ^{2} = (3 Mark)**

= RHS

Hence proved.

**Section - V**

**All questions are compulsory. In case of internal choices, attempt any one.**

**Q.34. If roots of the quadratic equation x ^{2} + 2px + mn = 0 are real and equal, show that the roots of the quadratic equation x^{2} – 2(m + n)x + (m^{2} + n^{2} + 2p^{2}) = 0 are also equal. (5 Mark)**

D = 0

4p^{2} – 4mn = 0

⇒ p^{2} = mn ...(i)

For equal roots of

x^{2} – 2 (m + n)x + (m^{2} + n^{2} + 2p^{2}) = 0,

4(m + n)^{2} – 4(m^{2} + n^{2} + 2p^{2}) = 0,

m^{2} + n^{2} + 2mn – m^{2} – n^{2} – 2(mn) = 0 (From (i))

∴ If roots of x^{2} + 2px + mn = 0 are equal, then those of x^{2} – 2a(m + n)x + (m^{2} + n^{2} + 2p^{2}) = 0 are also equal.**Q.35. If P(9a – 2, – b) divides the line segment joining A(3a + 1, – 3) and B(8a, 5) in the ratio 3 : 1. Find the values of a and b. (5 Mark)**

...(i)

and...(ii)

From (ii),

b = – 3

From (i),

4(9a – 2) = 27a + 1

36a – 8 = 27a + 1

9a = 9 a = 1

OR

A man on a cliff observes a boat at an angle of depression of 30° which is approaching the shore to the point immediately beneath the observer with a uniform speed. Six minutes later, the angle of depression of the boat is found to be 60°. Find :

(i) Time taken by boat to reach the shore.

(ii) Which concept used in this question?

In ΔDCA, DC / CA = tan 60°

⇒ 15 / x = √3

⇒ x = 15 / √3

⇒ x = 15√3

In ΔDCB, DC / CB = tan 45° x = 15 / x + y = 1

⇒ x + y = 15

⇒ 15√3 + y = 15

⇒ y = 15 − 15√3

= 5 (3 − √3) m

Hence, the distance between the points

= 5 (3 − √3) m

**(i) **Let OA be the cliff and P be the initial position of the boat when the angle of depression is 30°. After 6 minutes the boat reaches to Q such that the angle of depression at Q is 60°.

Let PQ = x m.

In ∠POA and ∠QOA, we have

tan 30°= OA / OP and tan 60° = OA / OQ

⇒ 1 / √3 = OA / OP and √3 = OA / OQ

⇒ OA = OP / √3 and OA = √3OQ

⇒ OP / √3 = √3OQ

⇒ OP = 3OQ

⇒ PQ = OP – OQ

= OP - OP / 3

= 2 / 3 OP [∵ OQ = 1 / 3 OP]

Let the speed of the boat be v m/minute, then

PQ = Distance travelled by the boat in 6 minutes

⇒ PQ = 6v

⇒ 2 / 3(OP) = 6v

⇒ OP = 9v

∴ Time taken by the boat to reach at the shore is given by,

T = OP / v

⇒ T = 9v / v

= 9 minutes**(ii) **Height and distance.

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