Ministry of Social Justice And Empowerment - Government Schemes UPSC Notes | EduRev

Environment and Additional Topics for UPSC Prelims

UPSC : Ministry of Social Justice And Empowerment - Government Schemes UPSC Notes | EduRev

The document Ministry of Social Justice And Empowerment - Government Schemes UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course Environment and Additional Topics for UPSC Prelims.
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MINISTRY OF SOCIAL JUSTICE AND EMPOWERMENT

E.1. MANUAL SCAVENGING ACT

 

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 Eliminate the insanitary latrines.

 Prohibit:-

o Employment as manual scavengers

o Hazardous manual cleaning of sewer and septic tanks.

 Survey of manual scavengers and their rehabilitation

 

 Safai Karmacharis

 Health benefits to general population due to better sanitation practices

 

 Definitions of manual scavengers and insanitary latrines widened to cover not only dry latrines but other insanitary latrines as well.

 Offences under the act are cognizable and non-bailable and attract stringent penalties.

 Vigilance/monitoring committee at sub-division, district, state and central govt. Levels.

 National commission for Safai karamcharis (NCSK) would, inter alia, monitor implementation of the act and enquire into complaints regarding contravention of the provisions of the act.

 Provision of construction of adequate number of sanitary community latrines in urban areas, within three years from the date of commencement of this act to eliminate the practice of open defecation.

 

E.2. NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR SAFAI KARAMCHARIS (NCSK)

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 To monitor the implementation of the act;

 To enquire into complaints regarding contravention of the provisions of the act, and to convey its findings to the concerned authorities with recommendations requiring further action; and

 

 Safai Karmacharis

 Health benefits to general population due to better sanitation practices

 

 It follows a Camp approach

 Can take suo motu notice of matter relating to non-implementation of the act.

 Advises the central and the state governments for effective implementation of the provisions of the act.

 National Safai karamcharis finance and development corporation, nodal agency for rehabilitation of the identified manual scavengers and their dependents.

 

E.3. DEENDAYAL DISABLED REHABILITATION SCHEME (DDRS)

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 To create an enabling environment to ensure equal opportunities,   equity, social justice and empowerment of persons with disabilities.

 To encourage voluntary action for ensuring effective implementation of the people with disabilities (equal opportunities and protection of rights) act of 1995.

 

 

"Disability" means-  

 Blindness;

 Low vision;

 Leprosy-cured;

 Hearing impairment;

 Loco motor disability;

 Mental retardation;

 Mental illness;

 

 Promoting voluntary action: parents/guardians and voluntary organisations are encouraged to provide rehabilitation services.

 To provide financial assistance to facilitate delivery of various services to voluntary organizations’ grants-in-aid to NGOS

 to make available the whole range of services necessary for rehabilitation of persons with disabilities

o Including early intervention,

o Development of daily living skills, education,

o Skill-development oriented towards employability,

o training and awareness generation.

 

E.4. SUGAMYA BHARAT ABHIYAN

Department of Empowerment of Persons With Disabilities

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 A nation-wide campaign for achieving universal accessibility for persons with disabilities (pwds).

 

"Disability" means-

 Blindness;

 Low vision;

 Leprosy-cured;

 Hearing impairment;

 Loco motor disability;

 Mental retardation;

 Mental illness;

 

Part a: built environment accessibility

 An accessible government building is one, where persons with disabilities have no barrier in entering it and using all the facilities therein.

 B: transportation system accessibility

 Conducting accessibility audit of all the international airports, domestic airports, major railway stations.

Part c: information and communication eco-system accessibility

 Daily captioning and sign-language interpretation.

 Accessible police stations”, “accessible hospitals”, “accessible tourism”, and “accessible digital India” etc.

 Organisations, both public and private are encouraged to use their csr funds for building accessible infrastructure.

 

 

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