Ministry of Women and Child Development - Government Schemes UPSC Notes | EduRev

Environment and Additional Topics for UPSC Prelims

UPSC : Ministry of Women and Child Development - Government Schemes UPSC Notes | EduRev

The document Ministry of Women and Child Development - Government Schemes UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course Environment and Additional Topics for UPSC Prelims.
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MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT

 

F.1. NATIONAL POLICY FOR CHILDREN

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 

 To secure the rights of children.

 To track and monitor the progress of what is already being done for children across ministries and sectoRs.

 

 

 All children – defined in policy as every person below the age of eighteen years and covers all children within the territory and jurisdiction of the country.

 

 

 Childhood is an integral part of life with a value of its own

 Children are not a homogenous group and their different needs need different responses, and approach should be in a multi-sectoral and multidimensional fashion to secure the rights of children.

 As children’s needs are multi-sectoral, interconnected and require collective action, the policy calls for purposeful convergence and coordination across different sectors and levels of governance.

 

The policy has identified four key priority areas:

 Survival,

 Health and nutrition;

 Education and development;

 Protection and participation, for focused attention.

 

 

F.2. INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 

 To secure the rights of children.

 To track and monitor the progress of what is already being done for children across ministries and sectoRs.

 

 

 All children – defined in policy as every person below the age of eighteen years and covers all children within the territory and jurisdiction of the country.

 

 

 Childhood is an integral part of life with a value of its own

 Children are not a homogenous group and their different needs need different responses, and approach should be in a multi-sectoral and multidimensional fashion to secure the rights of children.

 As children’s needs are multi-sectoral, interconnected and require collective action, the policy calls for purposeful convergence and coordination across different sectors and levels of governance.

 

The policy has identified four key priority areas:

 Survival,

 Health and nutrition;

 Education and development;

 Protection and participation, for focused attention.

 

 

F.2. INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 

 Holistic development of the child

 To prevent and reduce young child under-nutrition (% underweight children 0-3 years) by 10 percentage points,

 Enhance early development and learning outcomes in all children 0-6 years of age,

 improve care and nutrition of girls and women and

 Reduce anaemia prevalence in young children, girls and women by one fifth by the end of 12th five year plan.

 

 

 Children under six years age,

 Pregnant and

 Lactating motheRs.

 

 

 A centrally sponsored scheme

 The engagement of the anganwadi worker and helper from the same village

 Package of six services i.e.

o SNP,

o pre-school education,

o Health and nutrition education,

o Immunization,

o Health check up and

o Referral services to the beneficiaries

 AEC-cum-crèche, AWC-cum-counselor

 

 

F.3. GENDER BUDGETING SCHEME

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 

 Achieving gender mainstreaming so as to ensure that benefits of development reach women as much as men.

 

 

 Women

 

 

 To initiate an integrated approach and guide the gender budgeting cells (GBCS) setup by different central ministries/departments by disseminating the concept, tools and strategy of gb

 To organize workshops, encourage state governments and pris and provide assistance

 Grants under the scheme will include: 1. Grants for research & documentation 2. Grants for training 3. Grants for sustained and combined research and training activities

 

 

F.4. DIGITIAL GUDDA GUDDI BOARD

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 To work as a platform for dissemination of Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Material on BBBP.

 To update monthly birth statistics.

 

 Female gender in general

 Sensitization of society

 Girl children, Infants in particular

 

 The Digital Guddi-Gudda Board is an innovation of District Jalgaon in Maharashtra.

 The digital board displays audio video material as well as still frames for disseminating information.

 This Board is being displayed at important state offices including that of the Chief Minister, district level offices, Zila Panchayat offices, primary health centers and other public places frequently visited by the common man.

The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development on 1 July 2015 adopted the ‘Digital Guddi-Gudda Board’ as a Best Practice under Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme.

 

F.5. SUKANYA SAMRUDDHI YOJANA

 

Ministry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Finance

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 To motivate parents to open an account in the name of a girl child and for her welfare to deposit maximum of their savings upto the prescribed limits,

 To meet the requirement of higher education expense

 

 For girls below age of 10 years

 

 A small savings scheme,

 The Sukanya Samriddhi Account facilitating their education and marriage expenses.

 A parent or legal guardian can open an account in the name of the girl child until she attains the age of ten yeaRs.

 She can withdraw 50% of the money after reaching age of 18 e.g. For higher education. 18 years deadline will also help preventing child-marriages.

 Interest rate: 9.1% compounded annually. No income tax for this year.

 Account can be opened via post office or commercial banks, account will remain operative until she reaches 21 age.

 

F.6. UJJAWALA SCHEME

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 Comprehensive scheme for prevention of trafficking and rescue, rehabilitation, re-integration and repatriation of victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation

 

 Victims of commercial sexual exploitation

 

Rehabilitative centres are given financial support for providing shelter and basic amenities such as:

 Food, clothing, medical care, legal aid;

 Education in the case the victims are children,

 Vocational training and income generation activities to provide the victims with alternate livelihood option.

 

F.7. NATIONAL MISSION FOR EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN (NMEW)/ MISSION POORNA SHAKTI

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 To ensure economic empowerment of women.

 to ensure that violence against women is eliminated progressively.

 To ensure social empowerment of women with emphasis on health and education.

 To oversee gender mainstreaming of programmes, policies, institutional arrangements and processes of participating ministries, institutions and organizations.

 To undertake awareness generation as well as advocacy activities to fuel demand for benefits under various schemes and programme

 Women

 Villagers in general due to empowerment of women

 Girl children and Infants à due to women receiving better services

 

 The mission aims to provide a single window service for all programmes run by the government for women under aegis of various central ministries.

 Poorna Shakti Kendra (PSK) at every village.

 Coordinators at the Kendras would reach out to the women with the motto “hum sunenge naari ki baat!”

 Facilitating inter-sector convergence of scheme being tried out using convergence model.

 commission research, strengthen institutional framework, enhance economic empowerment of girls through skill development, micro credit

 

F.8. PRIYADARSHINI SCHEME

Women’s Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme in the Mid Gangetic Plains

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 Livelihood enhancement

 Envisages holistic empowerment of 1,08,000 poor women and adolescent girls through formation of 7200 SHGs.

 Address women’s political, legal and  health problem issues through rigorous capacity building.

 

 

 Women

 Villagers in general due to empowerment of women

 Girl children and Infants à due to women receiving better services

 

 4745 self-help groups (SHGS) formed in up and bihar

 Community service centres (CSCS)

 National bank for agriculture and rural development (NABARD) is the lead programme agency for the implementation

 Training to the SHG members on topics such as income generation and allied activities, marketing of products and social issues etc.

 Women industrialists are offered comprehensive loan services at liberal conditions & at concessional fee of interest, for financial actions

 

F.9. SABLA

Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG)

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 Enable the adolescent girls for self-development and empowerment

 Improve their nutrition and health status.

 Promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, adolescent reproductive and sexual health (arsh) and family and child care.

 To educate, skill and make them ready for life’s challenges.

 

 Adolescent girls (11–18 years old under all icds projects in selected 200 districts in all states/uts in the country.)

 

 Nutrition provision

 Iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation

 Health check-up and referral services

 Nutrition & health education (NHE)

 Counseling/guidance on family welfare, ARSH, child care practices and home management.

 Upgrade home-based skills, life skills and integrate with the national skill development program (NSDP) for vocational skills.

 Mainstream out of school adolescent girls into formal/non formal education.

 Provide information/guidance about existing public services such as PHC, CHC, post office, bank, police station, etc.

 

F.10. KUDUMBASHREE PROJECT

Government of Kerala

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 For wiping out absolute poverty from the state of kerala through concerted community action under the leadership of local self-governments

 reaching out family through women, and community through family, is the ultimate target of kudumbashree.

 

 Women

 Villagers in general due to empowerment of women

 Girl children and Infants à due to women receiving better services

 

 Kudumbashree is built around three critical-components,

o Microcredit,

o Entrepreneurship and

o Empowerment

Unique three-tier structure of kudumbashree.: the grassroots of kudumbashree are neighbourhood groups (NHG in short) that send representatives to the ward level area development societies (ads). The ADS sends its representatives to the community development society (CDS).

 Poverty is seen as the deprivation of money, and also as the deprivation of basic rights.

 Formation of women collectives

Skill-upgrade training: to facilitate economic development, suitable skill upgrades training will be given to women.

 Thrift - credit operations and 24-hour banking system

 

F.11. INDIRA GANDHI MATRITVA SAHYOG YOJANA

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

 Short term income support objective

 Encouraging the women to follow (optimal) nutrition and feeding practices, including early and exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months

 Promoting appropriate practice, care and institutional service utilization during pregnancy, delivery and lactation.

 

 Pregnant and lactating (P & L) women of 19 years of age or above for first two live births in 53 selected districts

 

Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) -- providing cash incentives upon fulfilment of certain health and nutrition conditions.

Conditional Maternity Benefit (CMB) for pregnant and lactating women to improve their health and nutrition status to better enabling environment by providing cash incentives to pregnant and nursing mother.

 The beneficiaries are paid Rs.6000/ in two instalments through bank accounts or post office accounts.

 Partly compensate for wage loss to P&L women both prior to and after delivery of the child.

 

 

 

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