Miscellaneous - Current Affairs, October 2017 UPSC Notes | EduRev

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Current Affairs : Miscellaneous - Current Affairs, October 2017 UPSC Notes | EduRev

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10.1. MEENAKSHI TEMPLE GETS ‘CLEANEST ICONIC PLACE’ TAG
Why in news?

Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple in Madurai has been adjudged the best ‘Swachh Iconic Place’ (clean place) in India.

Meenakshi Sundareshwar Temple, Tamilnadu

  • The current structure of temple was built in 1623 -  1655 AD by Nayaka rulers of Madurai though its history can be traced to 6th century BC Pandyan rule in ancient city of Madurai.
  • The temple is dedicated to Parvati, known as  Meenakshi, and her consort, Shiva, here named Sundareswarar.
  • The temple is a masterpiece of Dravidian architecture with a temple tank, large Vimana, 14 Gopurams and Mandapam with 1000 Pillars.

More about the news

  • The Swachh Iconic Places is an initiative under the Swachh Bharat Mission.
  • The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation will be the coordinating Ministry for this initiative, in association with the Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Tourism and the concerned State governments.
  • Under Swachh Iconic place Initiative government will undertake a special clean-up initiative focused on 100 iconic heritages, spiritual and cultural places in the country.
  • All Iconic Sites have designated PSUs for financial and technical support.

10.2. PARYATAN PARV
Why in news?

Recently, Ministry of Tourism in collaboration with other Central Ministries, State Governments and Stakeholders organized Paryatan Parv.
About Paryatan Parv

  • It was organized from 5th October to 25th October with the objective of drawing focus on the benefit of tourism, showcasing cultural diversity and reinforcing the principle of “Tourism for all”.
  • The programme focused on encouraging Indians to explore their own country (Dekho Apna Desh). Tourism events such as interactive sessions and workshops on skill development and innovation in the sector would be conducted across all states.

10.3. NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE: KAZUO ISHIGURO
Why in news?

Swedish academy has awarded Nobel Prize in Literature for year 2017 to British author Kazuo Ishiguro.

More about the news

  • The author was born in Nagasaki, japan in post second world war time and then moved to Britain.
  • Both his first novels, ‘A Pale View of Hills’ and ‘An Artist of the Floating World’, take place in Nagasaki a fewyears after World War II.
  • He is best known for his novel ‘The Remains of the Day’ for which Ishiguro has won Booker prize as well in 1989.

 10.4. NOBEL PEACE PRIZE 2017 AWARDED TO ICAN
Why in news?

The Nobel Committee awarded annual peace prize to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons.

Nuclear Threat in the World
  • At present nine countries of the world – India, Pakistan, China, United Kingdom, United States of America, Russia, Israel and North Korea possess around 16000 nuclear weapons.
  • USA and Russia jointly hold 93% of the world’s nuclear arsenal and they keep around 2000 nuclear weapons on high alert.
  • Regional rivalries such as in Middle East, South Asia, North East Asia etc. pose a danger of nuclear warfare.
  • The threat from the terrorists seeking nuclear weapons is a cause of concern. It has been noted that around 1800 metric tons of usable nuclear weapon- highly enriched uranium and plutonium are stored in around 25 sites with considerably low security measures.

International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)

  • It is an international coalition of non-government organizations running the campaign to advocate United Nations Weapon Ban treaty in about 100 countries.
  • It is a broad based and inclusive campaign which is committed to work towards drawing attention of global community towards the humanitarian catastrophic consequence of any use of nuclear weapons.
  • Due to their efforts the United Nations’ Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons was officially adopted in July 2017 and will come into force after ratification by 50 countries.

10.5. CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY
Why in news?

Maharashtra state cabinet recently approved the Favourable Climate change policy focusing on ‘Climate proof’
village.

Climate Proof Villages
A Climate proof village is one in which sustainable practices are adopted such as zero-till farming, integrated nutrient and water management and proper harvesting and storage.

Highlights of Policy

  • It will ensure perennial flow of rivers and recharging the ground water sources
  • Encourage climate change resilient crops for sustainable agriculture and preservation of traditional crops
  • Setting up of climate-proof villages
  • Increase people participation in water conservation
  • Conservation of mangroves and special measures for ecologically vulnerable districts
  • Set up a disaster management program

10.6. VALUE ENGINEERING PROGRAMME
Why in News?

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has decided to implement a “Value Engineering Program” in
highways projects either under PPP mode or public funding mode.

About the Programme

  • The objective of the programme is to use innovative technology, materials and equipment to
    • increase speed of construction
    • reduce construction cost
    • increase asset durability
    • make them more environment friendly
    • improve aesthetics and safety
  • The Ministry had also constituted a National Panel of Experts (NPE) last year to approve proposals  involving new/innovative materials, technologies and equipment in the highway sector.

10.7. DELAMANID- NEW TB DRUG

  • In order to combat the increasing burden of Multi-drug-resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB), technical group in Ministry of Health has recently approved Delamanid drug.
  • It is still in its 3rd phase of clinical trials however, global research results have proved to be promising such as in South Africa and Japan.
  • Delamanid will be inducted parallel to Bedaquiline under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) and not replace it.
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