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**Principal Axes and Principal Moments of Inertia**

Squaring Eqs. 10-9a and 10-9c and adding, it is found that;

where:

- At the points A and B,
_{Ixâ€™yâ€™}= 0 and I_{x}â€™ is a maximum and minimum, respectively.

- The equation for qm defines two angles, 90o apart which correspond to the principal axes of the area about O.
- I
_{max}and I_{min}are the principal moments of inertia of the area about O.

**Mohrâ€™s Circle for Moments and Products of Inertia**

- The moments and product of inertia for an area are plotted as shown and used to construct Mohrâ€™s circle,

- Mohrâ€™s circle may be used to graphically or analytically determine the moments and product of inertia for any other rectangular axes including the principal axes and principal moments and products of inertia.

**Sample Problem **

For the section shown, the moments of inertia with respect to the xand yaxes are I_{x}= 10.38 in4and I_{y}= 6.97 in4.

Determine (a) the orientation of the principal axes of the section about O,and (b) the values of the principal moments of inertia about O.

**Solution:**

â€¢Compute the product of inertia with respect to the xyaxes by dividing the section into three rectangles and applying the parallel axis theorem to each.

â€¢Determine the orientation of the principal axes (Eq. 9.25) and the principal moments of inertia (Eq. 9. 27).

**Sample Problem**

**Solution:**

- Compute the product of inertia with respect to the xy axes by dividing the section into three rectangles.

Apply the parallel axis theorem to each rectangle

Note that the product of inertia with respect to centroidal axes parallel to the xy axes is zero for each rectangle

**Sample Problem**

â€¢ Determine the orientation of the principal axes (Eq. 9.25) and the principal moments of inertia (Eq. 9. 27).

**Sample Problem 10.8**

The moments and product of inertia with respect to the x and y axes are Ix = 7.24x106 mm^{4} , I_{y} = 2.61x106 mm^{4} , and Ixy = -2.54x106 mm^{4}.

Using Mohrâ€™s circle, determine (a) the principal axes about O, (b) the values of the principal moments about O, and (c) the values of the moments and product of inertia about the xâ€™ and yâ€™ axes

**Solution:**

- Plot the points (I
_{x}, I_{xy}) and (I_{y},-I_{xy }). Construct Mohrâ€™s circle based on the circle diameter between the points. - Based on the circle, determine the orientation of the principal axes and the principal moments of inertia.
- Based on the circle, evaluate the moments and product of inertia with respect to the xâ€™yâ€™ axes.

**Sample Problem 10.8**

**Solution:**

- Plot the points (Ix , Ixy ) and (Iy ,-Ixy ). Construct Mohrâ€™s circle based on the circle diameter between the points.
- Based on the circle, determine the orientation of the principal axes and the principal moments of inertia.

**Sample Problem 10.8**

- Based on the circle, evaluate the moments and product of inertia with respect to the xâ€™yâ€™ axes

The points Xâ€™ and Yâ€™ corresponding to the xâ€™ and yâ€™ axes are obtained by rotating CX and CY counterclockwise through an angle Q = 2(60o ) = 120^{o} . The angle that CXâ€™ forms with the xâ€™ axes is Ï† = 120o - 47.6^{o} = 72.4^{o} .

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30 videos|72 docs|65 tests

### Mohr's Circle for Moments of Inertia

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### Test: Mohrâ€™s Circle For Moments Of Inertia

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