Describe the life of monks and nuns?
As you have learned, religion played a major role in life during the Middle Ages. Christianity was a central factor in every day life. Some Europeans even fully committed their life to serving God and the Christian religion. These people were called monks and nuns. Monks were men and nuns were women who cut ties with regular life and dedicated themselves to religion. Monks and nuns did not live in the town or city with the other villagers, instead they lived in their own self-sufficient communities in order to focus all of their attention on their religious studies and activities. Monks and nuns did not visit the regular towns and simply kept to their own community. Monks lived in communities called monasteries. They conducted all of their religious practices in these monasteries. Nuns did the same, however, they lived in a different, secluded community called a convent.
Monks and nuns spent their days praying, translating texts, and studying Christianity. Also, as a result of living in self-sufficient communities they planted and harvested crops, as well as raised animals. Monasteries and convents were also known to aid the poor with food and housing, along with weary travelers. Monks and Nuns had specific times of prayer, chanting and meditating. These set times were put into place by St. Benedict. St. Benedict also had set rules that monks had to follow. Monks and nuns were not allowed to get married or own property, their lives were fully enthralled in religion and worshiping the Christian God. Monks had to take three vows in order to become monks. Their first vow was a vow of poverty-this rule stated that monks could not own worldly, physical goods. The second vow was a vow of chastity-this rule stated that monks could not get married and had to remain single because he would now be married to the church. The last vow that a monk had to take was the vow of obedience-this rule stated that the monks had to follow any and all rules set down by the church and the monastery.