Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev

DC Pandey (Questions & Solutions) of Physics: NEET

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NEET : Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev

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Ques 21: Two objects are moving along the same straight line. They cross a point A with an acceleration a, 2a and velocity 2u, u at time t = 0. The distance moved by the object when one overtakes the other is
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Ans: Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Sol: Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or  t = 2u/a
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Option (a) is correct.

Ques 22: A cart is moving horizontally along a straight line with constant speed 30 ms-1. A particle is to be fired vertically upwards from the moving cart in such a way that it returns to the cart at the same point from where it was projected after the cart has moved 80 m. At what speed (relative to the cart) must the projectile be fired? (Take g = 10ms-2)
(a) 10 ms-1
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
(d) None of these
Ans: Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Sol: u = vertical speed (w.r.t. cart) of the particle.
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
i.e.,  2u/10 = 8/3
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Option (c) is correct.

Ques 23: The figure shows velocity-time graph of a particle moving along a straight line. Identify the correct statement.
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
(a) The particle starts from the origin 
(b) The particle crosses it initial position at t = 2s 
(c) The average speed of the particle in the time interval, 0 < t < 2s is zero 
(d) All of the above
Ans: The particle crosses it initial position at t = 2s
Sol:  
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
∴  Displacement of particle at time (t = 2)
= (+ 5 m) + (-5 m) = 0 m.
i.e., the particle crosses its initial position at t = 2 s.
Option (b) is correct.

Ques 24: A ball is thrown vertically upwards with a velocity v0. I f the vertical downward direction is considered to be positive, then the correct variation of velocity with time t is represented by
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Ans: 
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Sol: As downward direction is considered to be + ive, velocity of ball at t = 0 will be - v0.
Thus, option (a) and (c) are incorrect.
Now, as the ball will have +ive acceleration throughout its motion option (b) is also incorrect.
∴ Correct option is (d).

Ques 25: A boy standing in an elevator accelerating upward throws a ball upward with a velocity v0. The ball returns in his hands after a time t. The acceleration of the lift is
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Ans: Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Sol: Let acceleration of lift = a (upwards)
Displacement of ball in time t = Displacement of lift in time t
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Option (a) is correct.

Ques 26: A body starts moving with a velocity v0 = 10ms-1. It experiences a retardation equal to 0.2v2. Its velocity after 2s is given by 
(a) +2 ms-1 
(b) +4 ms-1 
(c) -2 ms-1 
(d) +6 ms-1
Ans: +2 ms-1
Sol: a = -0.2 v2
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Now, at t = 0, v = 10 m/s (given)
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
i.e., Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
∵ For velocity v at time t (= 2 s)
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
⇒ v = + 2 m/s.
Option (a) is correct.

Ques 27: Two trains are moving with velocities v1 = 10 ms-1 and v2 = 20 ms-1 on the same track in opposite directions. After the application of brakes if their retarding rates are a1 = 2 ms-2 and a2 = 1 ms-2 respectively, then the minimum distance of separation between the trains to avoid collision is 
(a) 150 m 
(b) 225 m 
(c) 450 m 
(d) 300 m
Ans: 225 m
Sol: For displacement (S1) of train 1 before coming to rest
02 = (10)2 + 2 (-2) S1
i.e.,  S1 = 25 m
For displacement (S2) of train 2 before coming to rest
02 = (20)2 + 2 (-1) S2
i.e.,  S2 = 200 m
∴ Smin = S1 + S2
= 225 m
Option (b) is correct

Ques 28: Two identical balls are shot upward one after another at an interval of 2s along the same vertical line with same initial velocity of 40 ms-1. The height at which the balls collide is 
(a) 50 m 
(b) 75 m 
(c) 100 m 
(d) 125 m
Ans: 75 m
Sol: Let the balls collide after time t the first ball is shot.
∴ displacement (S) of ball 1 at time t
= displacement (S) of ball 2 at time (t - 2)
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or   (t + t - 2) (t - t + 2) = 16
or    2t - 2 = 8
or    t = 5 s
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
= 200 - 125
= 75 m
Option (b) is correct.

Ques 29: A particle is projected vertically upwards and reaches the maximum height H in time T. The height of the particle at any time t will be
(a) g (t - T)2 
(b) H - g (t —T )2
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Ans: Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Sol: 0 = u - gT
i.e.,    u = gT     …(i)
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev  …(ii)
and Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev  …(iii)
Substracting Eq. (ii) from Eq. (iii),
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Option (d) is correct.

Ques 30: A particle m oves along the curve Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev Here x varies with time as Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev Where x and y are measured in metre and t in second. At t = 2s, the velocity of the particle (in ms-1) is
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Ans:Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Sol: 
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev

Ques 31: If the displacement of a particle varies w ith time as √x = t + 3 
(a) velocity of the particle is inversely proportional to t 
(b) velocity of particle varies linearly with t 
(c) velocity of particle is proportional to √t 
(d) initial velocity of the particle is zero
Ans: velocity of particle varies linearly with t
Sol: Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
i.e., x = t2 + 6t + 3
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
i.e., v ∝ t
Option (b) is correct.

Ques 32: The graph describes an airplane’s acceleration during its take-off run. The airplane’s velocity when it lifts off at t = 20 s is
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
(a) 40 ms-1 
(b) 50 ms-1
(c) 90 ms-1
(d) 180 ms-1
Ans: 90 ms-1
Sol: Aeroplane’s velocity at time t (= 20 s)
= Area under curve (t-a graph)
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
= 90 m/s

Ques 33: A particle moving in a straight line has velocity-displacement equation as Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRevHere v is in ms-1 and sin metre. Select the correct alternative. 
(a) Particle is initially at rest 
(b) Initially velocity of the particle is 5 m/s and the particle has a constant acceleration of 12.5 ms-2 
(c) Particle moves with a uniform velocity 
(d) None of these
Ans: Initially velocity of the particle is 5 m/s and the particle has a constant acceleration of 12.5 ms-2
Sol:Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev  …(i)
At s = 0 (i.e., initially),
velocity of particle = 5 m/s
Option (b) is correct.
Differentiating equation (i) w.r.t. s
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Option (b) is correct.

Ques 34: A particle is thrown upwards from ground. It experiences a constant resistance force which can produce a retardation of 2 ms-2. The ratio of time of ascent to time of descent is (g = 10 ms-2)
(a) 1 : 1
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
(c) 2/3
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Ans:Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Sol: See answer to question no. 2.
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Option (b) is correct.

Ques 35: A river is flowing from west to east with a speed of 5 m min-1. A man can swim in still water with a velocity 10 m min-1. In which direction should the man swim so as to take the shortest possible path to go to the south? 
(a) 30° east of south 
(b) 30° west of south 
(c) South 
(d) 30° west of north
Ans: 30° west of south
Sol: 
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
⇒ θ = 30°
Option (b) is correct.

Ques 36: A body of mass 10 kg is being acted upon by a force 311 and an opposing constant force of 32 N. The initial speed is 10 ms-1. The velocity o f body after 5 s is 
(a) 14.5 ms-1 
(b) 6.5 ms-1 
(c) 3.5 ms-1 
(d) 4.5 ms-1
Ans: 6.5 ms-1
Sol:  Fnet = 3t2 - 32
i.e., manet = 3 t2 - 32
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or  anet = 0.3 t2 - 3.2
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or v = 0.1t3 - (3.2) t + k
Now, at t = 0, v = 10 m/s
∴ 10 = k
Thus, v = 0.1 t3 - (3.2) t + 10
∴ at t = 5 s
v = 0.1 (5)3 - (3.2) (5) + 10
= 12.5 - 16.0 + 10
= 6.5 m/s Option (b) is correct.

Ques 37: A stone is thrown vertically upwards. When stone is at a height half of its maximum height, its speed is 10 ms-1; then the maximum height attained by the stone is (g = 10 ms-2
(a) 25 m 
(b) 10 m 
(c) 15 m 
(d) 20 m
Ans: 10 m
Sol: u2 = 2 gH
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
⇒ u2 = 100 + gH
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
Thus,
Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
or   gH = 100
⇒ H = 10 m
Option (b) is correct.

Ques 38: A ball is thrown vertically upwards from the ground and a student gazing out of the window sees it moving upward past him at 10 ms-1. The window is at 15 m above the ground level. The velocity of ball 3 s after it was projected from the ground is [Take g = 10ms-2
(a) 10 m/s, up 
(b) 20 ms-1, up 
(c) 20 ms-1, down 
(d) 10 ms-1, down
Ans: 10 ms-1, down
Sol: 

Motion in One Dimension: JEE Main(Part- 6) - Physics, Solution by DC Pandey NEET Notes | EduRev
102 = u2 - 2g x 15
100 = v2 - 2 x 10 x 15
i.e., u = 20 m/s
Now,  v = u - gt = 20 - 10 x 3
= 20 - 10 × (3)
= - 10 m/s, downward
Option (d) is correct.

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