NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Changes around us

# NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Changes around us - Science Olympiad Class 6

### Multiple Choice Questions

Q.1. Pick the change that can be reversed from the following.
(a) Cutting of trees
(b) Melting of ghee
(c) Burning of candle
(d) Blooming of flower
Ans:
b
Solution: The melted ghee can be frozen again hence this change can be reversed.
Cutting of trees, burning of the candle and blooming of the flower cannot be reversed.

Q.2. Which of the following change cannot be reversed?
(a) Hardening of cement
(b) Freezing of ice cream
(c) Opening a door
(d) Melting of chocolate
Ans:
a
Solution: Hardening of cement is cannot be reversed because once hardened it cannot come back to its original shape.

Q.3. An iron ring is heated. Which of the following statement about it is incorrect?
(a) The ring expands.
(b) The ring almost comes to the same size on cooling.
(c) The change, in this case, is reversed.
(d) The ring changes its shape and the change cannot be reversed.
Ans:
d
Solution: The ring changes its shape and the change cannot be reversed.
The change is reversible in case of an iron ring. Since the ring expands on heating and comes back to its original size on cooling.

Q.4. While lighting a candle, Paheli observed the following changes.
(i) Wax was melting
(ii) Candle was burning
(iii) Size of the candle was reducing
(iv) Melted wax was getting solidified
Of the above, the changes that can be reversed are
(a) (i) and (ii)
(b) (ii) and (iii)
(c) (iii) and (iv)
(d) (i) and (iv)
Ans:
d
Solution:
Wax was melting; Melted wax was getting solidified
Solid wax can be melted and melted wax gets solidifies again. Hence melting of wax and its solidification is reversible changes.

Q.5. Salt can be separated from its solution (salt dissolved in water), because
(a) mixing of salt in water is a change that can be reversed by heating and melting of salt
(b) mixing of salt in water is a change that cannot be reversed
(c) mixing of salt in water is a permanent change
(d) mixing of salt in water is a change that can be reversed by evaporation
Ans:
d
Solution:
Salt can be separated from water solution by evaporating the water. Hence mixing of salt in water is a reversible change.

Q.6. Rolling of chapati and baking of chapati are the changes that
(a) can be reversed
(b) cannot be reversed
(c) can be reversed and cannot be reversed, respectively
(d) cannot be reversed and can be reversed, respectively
Ans: c

Solution: Once the chapati is baked it cannot be reversed. But rolling of chapati is a physical reversible change because there is no change in the properties of kneaded flour.

Q.7. The iron rim is made slightly smaller than the wooden wheel. The rim is usually heated before fixing into the wooden wheel because on heating the iron rim
(a) expands and fits onto the wooden wheel
(b) contracts and fits onto the wooden wheel
(c) no change in the size takes place
(d) expands first, then on cooling contracts and fits onto the wooden wheel.
Ans:
d
Solution: Iron expands on heating. So the smaller iron rim expands on heating fits into the wooden wheel and on cooling it contracts to fit into the wooden wheel tightly. Hence it does not come out.

Q.8. Look at figure 6.1 which shows three situations
(a) a burning candle
(b) an extinguished candle
(c) melting wax.
Which of these shows a reversible change and why?
Ans:
Melting of wax in figure (c) is a reversible change because the melted wax can be solidified again.

Q.9. A piece of iron is heated until it becomes red-hot. It then becomes soft and is beaten to the desired shape. What kinds of changes are observed in this process-reversible or irreversible?
Ans:
It is a reversible change when a piece of iron on heating can be beaten into the desired shape. Since the object of the desired shape can be again heated and beaten back to give its original shape.

Q.10. Paheli had bought a new bottle of pickle from the market. She tried to open the metal cap to taste it but could not do so. She then took a bowl of hot water and immersed the upper end of the bottle in it for five minutes. She could easily open the bottle now. Can you give the reason for this?
Ans:
On immersing the metal cap in hot water, it expands in size hence it can be removed easily.

Q.11. Can we reverse the following changes? If yes, suggest the name of the method.
(a) Water into water vapour
(b) Water vapour into water
(c) Ice into water
(d) Curd into milk.
Ans:
(a) Water into water vapour – Yes, by using the method of condensation, water vapour can be converted to water.
(b) Water vapour into the water – Yes, by using the evaporation method, water can be converted to water vapour.
(c) Ice into the water – Yes, by freezing method, water can be converted to ice.
(d) Curd into milk – No, it is an irreversible process.

Q.12. Which of the following changes cannot be reversed?
(a) Blowing of a balloon
(b) Folding a paper to make a toy aeroplane
(c) Rolling a ball of dough to make roti
(d) Baking cake in an oven
(e) Drying a wet cloth
(f) Making biogas from cow dung
(g) Burning of a candle
Ans:
The following changes cannot be reversed:
(d) Baking of a cake is irreversible.
(f) Making biogas from cow dung is irreversible.
(g) Burning of a candle is irreversible.

Q.13. Boojho’s sister broke a white dove, a symbol of peace, made of Plaster of Paris (POP). Boojho tried to reconstruct the toy by making a powder of the broken pieces and then making a paste by mixing water. Will he be successful in his effort? Justify your answer.
Ans:
No, Boojho will not be successful because the making of toy from broken pieces of Plaster of Paris (POP) is an irreversible change. Once the Plaster of Paris is mixed with water and dried it cannot regain its original properties.

Q.14. Tearing of paper is said to be a change that cannot be reversed. What about paper recycling?
Ans:
Recycling of paper is also classified as an irreversible change because the quality, colour and texture of the paper change on recycling and we get a different type of paper, not the original one.

Q.15. Give one example in each case:
(a) Change which occurs on heating but can be reversed.
(b) Change which occurs on heating but cannot be reversed.
(c) Change which occurs on cooling but can be reversed.
(d) Change which occurs on mixing two substances, but can be reversed.
(e) Change which occurs on mixing two substances, but cannot be reversed.
Ans:
Here are examples for the above statements:
(a) Heating of an iron rod
(b) Baking of chapati
(f) Formation of ice from water
(d) Formation of salt solution
(e) Mixing of cement with water

Q.16. A potter working on his wheel-shaped a lump of clay into a pot. He then baked the pot in an oven. Do these two acts lead to the same kind of changes or different? Give your opinion and justify your answer.
Ans:
The two acts by the potter lead to different kind of changes.
The shaping of pot on a wheel is a physical and reversible change.
While baking the pot in an oven is an irreversible change.

Q.17. Conversion of ice into water and water into ice is an example of change which can be reversed. Give four more examples where you can say that the changes can be reversed.
Ans:
Examples of changes which can be reversed:
(i) Folding of a paper
(ii) Melting of wax
(iii) Knitting of a sweater
(iv) Inflating a tyre or balloon

Q.18. Change of a bud into a flower is a change which cannot be reversed. Give four more such examples.
Ans:
Examples of changes which cannot be reversed:
(i) Digestion of food
(ii) Ripening of fruits
(iii) Burning of wood
(iv) Milk into curd

Q.19. Paheli mixed flour and water and (i) made dough, (ii) rolled the dough to make chapati, (iii) baked the chapati on a pan, (iv) dried the chapati and ground it in a grinder to make powder. Identify the changes (i) to (iv) as the changes that can be reversed or that cannot be reversed.
Ans:
(i) Making of dough from flour and water is an irreversible change.
(ii) Rolling the dough to make a chapati is a reversible change.
(iii) Baking the rolled chapati on a pan is an irreversible change.
(iv) Grinding of dried chapati in a grinder is an irreversible change.

Q.20. lt was Paheli’s birthday, her brother Simba was helping her to decorate the house for the birthday party and their parents were also busy making other arrangements.
Following were the activities going on at Paheli’s home:
(i) Simba blew balloons and put them on the wall.
(ii) Some of the balloons got burst.
(iii) Paheli cut colourful strips of paper and put them on the wall with the help of tape.
(iv) She also made some flowers by origami (paper folding) to decorate the house.
(v) Her father made dough balls.
(vi) Mother rolled the dough balls to make puries.
(vii) Mother heated oil in a pan.
(viii) Father fried the puries in hot oil.
Identify the activities at Paheli’s home as those that can be reversed and those which cannot be reversed.
Ans:
Activities which are reversible:
(i) Simba blew balloons and put them on the wall.
(iv) She also made some flowers by origami (paper folding) to decorate the house.
(v) Her father made dough balls.
(vi) Mother rolled the dough balls to make puries.
(vii) Father fried the puries in hot oil.

Activities which are irreversible:
(ii) Some of the balloons got burst.
(iii) Paheli cut colourful strips of paper and put them on the wall with the help of tape.
(viii) Father fried the puries in hot oil.

The document NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Changes around us | Science Olympiad Class 6 is a part of the Class 6 Course Science Olympiad Class 6.
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## FAQs on NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Changes around us - Science Olympiad Class 6

 1. What are some examples of changes that occur around us?
Ans. Some examples of changes that occur around us are the change in seasons, the growth of plants, the movement of vehicles, and the change in the length of shadows throughout the day.
 2. Why is it important to study changes around us?
Ans. It is important to study changes around us because it helps us understand the world better. By studying changes, we can learn about the different processes and interactions that occur in nature and society. It also helps us predict and adapt to future changes.
 3. How do changes in the environment affect living organisms?
Ans. Changes in the environment can have a significant impact on living organisms. For example, changes in temperature and rainfall patterns can affect the growth and survival of plants. Changes in habitats can force animals to adapt or migrate to find suitable conditions. Pollution and deforestation can also negatively impact the health and well-being of organisms.
 4. What are some ways in which humans have caused changes in the environment?
Ans. Humans have caused changes in the environment through activities such as deforestation, pollution, urbanization, and industrialization. These activities have led to the loss of natural habitats, the release of harmful chemicals into the environment, and the depletion of natural resources.
 5. How can we contribute to positive changes in our environment?
Ans. We can contribute to positive changes in our environment by practicing sustainable habits such as conserving water and energy, recycling and reducing waste, planting trees, and using eco-friendly products. We can also raise awareness about environmental issues and support initiatives that aim to protect and restore the environment.

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