NCERT Gist: India - Location Notes | EduRev

Geography for UPSC CSE

UPSC : NCERT Gist: India - Location Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Gist: India - Location Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course Geography for UPSC CSE.
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Extent of India

  • From Kashmir in North to Kanniyakumari in the South and Arunachal Pradesh in the East to Gujarat in the West.
  • Territorial limit- 12 nautical miles (21.9 km) from the coast, towards the sea.
  • Southern Boundary- 6°45' N latitude in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Latitudinal and Longitudinal Extent of India - roughly 30 degrees.NCERT Gist: India - Location Notes | EduRev
  • Distance between North and South extremity- 3,214 km.
  • Distance between East and West extremities - 2,933 km.
  • The southern part of the country- lies within the tropics and the Northern part of the country - lies within the subtropical zone or warm temperate zone. This leads to large variations in landforms, climate, soil types, and natural vegetation.
  • India has an area of 3.28 million sq km, which accounts for 2.4 percent of the world’s land surface area.
  • India is the seventh-largest country in the world, in terms of area.

Standard Meridian

  • From the values of longitude - there is a difference of 30 degrees - between the easternmost and the westernmost part of the country- hence a time difference of nearly two hours is caused.
  • Countries generally select Standard Meridian as multiples of 7°30' of longitude.
  • India selected 82°30' as the ‘Standard Meridian’, which passes through Mirzapur, UP.
  • Indian Standard Time - 5hrs and 30 min, ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.
  • Some countries have more than one Standard Meridian because of the vast East-West extent.
  • The USA has seven time zones and Russia has eleven time zones.

Question 1:Consider the following statements regarding the Standard Time Zones?

Indian Subcontinent

  • The subcontinent includes countries - Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and India.
  • Himalayas- with other ranges have acted as a formidable barrier in the past.
  • Except for a few passes like Khyber, the Bolan, the Shipkila, the Nathula, the Bomdila, etc., it was difficult to cross the Himalayas.
  • The Peninsula part of India extends towards the Indian Ocean.
  • Provided the country with a coastline of 6,100 km in the mainland and 7,517 km in the entire geographical coast of the mainland plus the island groups.
  • Andaman and Nicobar are located in the Bay of Bengal.
  • The Lakshadweep islands are located in the Arabian Sea.

India and its neighbours

  • India is located in the Southcentral part of Asia, bordering the Indian Ocean and its two arms extend in the form of Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal.
  • Maritime location of Peninsular India helps in linking it to the neighbouring regions through the sea and air routes.
  • Indian neighbouring countries located in the Indian Ocean- Maldives and Sri Lanka (both are island countries)
  • Sri Lanka is separated from India by - Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait.

Mind map 

NCERT Gist: India - Location Notes | EduRev

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