(i) Migrations change the number, distribution and composition of the population in
(a) the area of departure
(b) the area of arrival
(c) both the area of departure and arrival
(d) None of the above
Ans: (c) both the area of departure and arrival
(ii) A large proportion of children in a population is a result of
(a) high birth rates
(b) high life expectancies
(c) high death rates
(d) more married couples
Ans: (a) high birth rates
(iii) The magnitude of population growth refers to:
(a) the total population of an area
(b) the number of persons added each year
(c) the rate at which the population increases
(d) the number of females per thousand males
Ans: (b) the number of persons added each year
(iv) According to the Census, a “literate” person is one who
(a) can read and write his/her name
(b) can read and write any language
(c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding
(d) knows the 3 ‘R’s (reading, writing, arithmetic)
Ans: (c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding
(i) Why is the rate of population growth in India declining since 1981?
Ans: The rate of population growth in India has been declining since 1981, primarily due to a decrease in birth rates. This gradual decline can be attributed to various factors, including the implementation of effective family planning and birth control measures, increased awareness about the importance of smaller families, improvements in healthcare, and an overall shift in societal attitudes towards reproduction. These concerted efforts have played a significant role in reducing the rate of population growth in the country.
(ii) Discuss the major components of population growth.
Ans: The major components of population growth are:
(iii) Define age structure, death rate and birth rate.
(iv) How is migration a determinant factor of population change?
Ans: Migration refers to the process of people moving from one region or territory to another, resulting in a shift in the population and demographics of both the departure and arrival areas. This movement plays a significant role in population change, affecting the size and composition of populations in the involved regions. Migration can be categorized into two primary types: internal and international. Internal migration occurs within a country's borders, while international migration involves crossing national boundaries.
Q3. Distinguish between population growth and population change.
|Population Growth||Population Change|
|(i) Growth of population refers to change in the number of people of a country during a specific period of time.||(i) It refers to the change in population due to birth rate, death rate and migration.|
|(ii) It tells the increase or decline of population in numbers.||(ii) It tells the changes in the population in terms of age and sex composition and distribution.|
Q4. What is the relation between occupational structure and development?
Ans: The distribution of the population according to different types of occupations is referred to as the occupational structure which is classified as primary, secondary and tertiary. The primary activities include building and constructional work and tertiary activities cover transport, communication, commerce, administration, etc. The proportion of people engage in different activities varies in developed and developing countries. Developed nations have a high proportion of people in secondary and tertiary activities. Developing countries have a higher proportion of the workforce engaged in primary activities. In India, there has been a shift in favour of secondary and tertiary sectors because of growing industrialisation and urbanisation.
Q5. What are the advantages of having a healthy population?
Ans: The advantages of having a healthy population are:
Q6. What are the significant features of the National Population Policy 2000?
Ans: The significant features of the National Population Policy 2000 are as follows:
|1. What are the factors that affect population growth?|
|2. How does birth rate impact population growth?|
|3. What is the significance of death rate in population dynamics?|
|4. How does migration impact population composition?|
|5. What role do government policies play in population management?|