Q1. Why does an athlete breathe faster and deeper than usual after finishing the race?
Ans: During the run, the demand of energy is high but the supply of oxygen to produce energy is limited. Therefore, anaerobic respiration takes places in the muscle cells to fulfill the demand of energy. After finishing the race, an athlete breathes faster and deeper than usual so that more oxygen is supplied to the cells.
Q2. List the similarities and differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
Ans: The similarities and differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration are as follows:
Q3. Why do we often sneeze when we inhale a lot of dust-laden air?
Ans: We often sneeze when we inhale a lot of dust-laden air to expel out these foreign particles. These particles get past the hair in the nasal cavity and irritate the lining of the cavity which results in sneezing.
Q4. Take three test-tubes. Fill each of them with water. Label them A, B and C. Keep a snail in test-tube A, a water plant in test-tube B and in C, keep snail and plant both. Which test-tube would have the highest concentration of CO2?
Q5. Tick the correct answer:
(a) In cockroaches, air enters the body through
Ans: (iii) Spiracles
Explanation: Spiracles are small openings or holes, typically found in insects, spiders, and some fish, that allow for the exchange of gases, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide, between the organism's respiratory system and the external environment.
(b) During heavy exercise, we get cramps in the legs due to the accumulation of
(i) carbon dioxide
(ii) lactic acid
Ans: (ii) Lactic acid
Explanation: Lactic acid, also known as lactate, is an organic acid produced by various biological processes, including fermentation and muscle metabolism. In the human body,
(c) Normal range of breathing rate per minute in an average adult person at rest is:
Ans: (ii) 15 – 18
Explanation: The normal range of breathing rate per minute in an average adult, for a person at rest, is 12 – 20 breaths per minute. Any person having a breathing rate under 12 or over 25 is considered to be breathing abnormally.
(d) During exhalation, the ribs
(i) move outwards
(ii) move downwards
(iii) move upwards
(iv) do not move at all
Ans. (ii) Move downwards
Exhalation ProcessExhalation, also known as expiration, is the process of expelling air from the lungs and releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Q6. Match the items in Column I with those in Column II:
Lungs and skin
Lungs and skin
Q7. Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false:
(i) During heavy exercise the breathing rate of a person slows down.
(ii) Plants carry out photosynthesis only during the day and respiration only at night.
(iii) Frogs breathe through their skins as well as their lungs.
(iv) The fishes have lungs for respiration.
(v) The size of the chest cavity increases during inhalation.
Q8. Given below is a square of letters in which are hidden different words related to respiration in organisms. These words may be present in any direction— upwards, downwards, or along the diagonals. Find the words for your respiratory system. Clues about those words are given below the square.
(i) The air tubes of insects
(ii) Skeletal structures surrounding the chest cavity
(iii) Muscular floor of the chest cavity
(iv) Tiny pores on the surface of a leaf
(v) Small openings on the sides of the body of an insect
(vi) The respiratory organs of human beings
(vii) The openings through which we inhale
(viii) An anaerobic organism
(ix) An organism with a tracheal system
Q9. The mountaineers carry oxygen with them because:
(a) At an altitude of more than 5 km there is no air
(b) The amount of air available to a person is less than that available on the ground.
(c) The temperature of air is higher than that on the ground.
(d) The pressure of air is higher than that on the ground.
Ans: (b) The amount of air available to a person is less than that available on the ground.
The mountaineers carry oxygen with them because (b) The amount of air available to a person is less than that available on the ground.
|1. What is respiration in organisms?|
|2. What are the types of respiration?|
|3. What is the importance of respiration in organisms?|
|4. What is the difference between breathing and respiration?|
|5. How does the respiratory system work in humans?|