Q.1 : How is the “trabeate” principle of architecture different from the “arcuate”?
ANS : In the ‘trabeate’ style of architecture a horizontal beam was placed across two vertical columns.
In the ‘arcuate’ style arches are utilized.
ANS : A shikhara is a tower-like structure on top of a temple.
Q.3 : What is pietra-dura?
ANS : Pietra-Dura is a technique where coloured, hard stones were placed in depressions carved into marble or sandstone, thereby creating beautiful and ornate patterns.
Q.4 : What are the elements of a Mughal chahar bagh garden?
ANS : The major element of a Mughal Chahar-Bagh garden was the symmetric division of the garden into quarters.
Q.5 : How did a temple communicate the importance of a king?
ANS : Construction of a temple emphasized the king’s moral right to rule. Constructing places of worship provided rulers with a chance to proclaim their close relationship with god.
Q.6 : An inscription is Shah Jahan’s diwan-I khas in Delhi stated: “If there is Paradise on Earth, it is here, it is here, it is here.” How was this image created?
ANS : The image of Paradise on Earth was created through the construction of audience halls, which were modeled like a mosque.
The pedestal of Shah Jahan’s throne was frequently described as the Quibla, the direction which Muslims face while praying. These architectural features communicated a sense of divine justice and the idea that the king was the representative of God on earth.
Q.7 : How did the Mughal court suggest that everyone − the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak − received justice equally from the emperor?
ANS : The construction of the royal court in Red Fort emphasized the connection between the imperial court and royal justice. Behind the emperors' throne were a series of inlays which pictured Orpheus playing the lute. It was believed that Orpheus’ music calmed ferocious beasts and made them co-exist in harmony. All this gave the impression that the king’s justice would treat the high and the low as equals, creating a world in which all could live in harmony.
Q.8 : What role did the Yamuna play in the layout of the new Mughal city at Shahjahanabad?
ANS : In the new Mughal city of Shahjahanabad, the king’s palace commanded the riverfront view of the Yamuna. Only special nobles like the emperor’s oldest son were given access to the river.