NCERT Solution - Components of Food Class 6 Notes | EduRev

NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12)

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UPSC : NCERT Solution - Components of Food Class 6 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Solution - Components of Food Class 6 Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12).
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COMPONENTS OF FOOD
Q.1. Name the major nutrients in our food.
Ans. The major nutrients in our food are named carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. In addition, food contains dietary fibres and water which are also needed by our body.
NCERT Solution - Components of Food Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Fig: Dietary fibres.


Q.2. Name the following: 
(a) The nutrients which mainly gives energy to our body. 
(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight. 
(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy. 
Ans. 
(a) The nutrients which mainly gives energy to our body – Carbohydrates and Fats
(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body - Proteins
(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight - Vitamin A
(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy – Calcium


Q.3. Name two foods each rich in:
(a) Fats
(b) Starch
(c) Dietary fibre
(d) Protein 
Ans.
(a) Fats: Ghee, Butter, Milk, Egg etc.
(b) Starch: Potatoes, Sugar, Rice etc.
(c) Dietary Fibre: Vegetables, Fresh fruits etc.
(d) Protein: Milk, Beans, Egg, Cheese etc.
NCERT Solution - Components of Food Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Fig: Food.


Q.4. Tick (√) the statements that are correct.
(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. ( )
(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )
(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )
(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )
Ans.
(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. (X)
(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. (√)
(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. (√)
(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. (X)


Q.5. Fill in the blanks.
(a) ______ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
(b) Deficiency of ______ causes a disease known as beriberi.
(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as ______.
(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ______ in our food. 
Ans.
(a) Rickets is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
NCERT Solution - Components of Food Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Fig: Rickets.

(b) Deficiency of vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beriberi.
(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as scurvy.
(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of vitamin A in our food.

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