NCERT Solution - Democratic Politics : Gender, Religion & Caste Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Created by: Navjeet Sandal

Class 10 : NCERT Solution - Democratic Politics : Gender, Religion & Caste Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


GENDER RELIGION AND CASTE NCERT SOLUTION 
Question 1: 
Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in  
India. 
In India, women are discriminated and disadvantaged n the following ways: 
(a) They are not provided adequate education. Thus, the literacy rate among women is  
just 54%. 
(b) Most of the labour done by them is unpaid. Where they are paid for their work, they  
receive lesser wages than men. 
(c) Due to the preference for the boy child, female foeticide is practiced in many parts of  
the country. 
Question 2: 
State different forms of communal politics with one example each. 
Different forms of communal politics: 
(a) The expression of communal superiority in everyday beliefs 
Militant religious groups are a good example of this. 
(b) The desire to form a majoritarian dominance or a separate state 
Separatist leaders and political parties in Jammu and Kashmir and Central India are an  
example of this. 
(c) The use of religious symbols and leaders in politics to appeal  to the voters 
This technique is applied by many politicians to influence voters from the two largest  
religious communities in the country. 
(d) In addition to all this, communal politics can take the form of communal violence  
and riots, like the riots in Gujarat in 2002. 
Question 3: 
State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India. 
Caste inequalities have not completely disappeared from India. Even today, most people  
Page 2


GENDER RELIGION AND CASTE NCERT SOLUTION 
Question 1: 
Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in  
India. 
In India, women are discriminated and disadvantaged n the following ways: 
(a) They are not provided adequate education. Thus, the literacy rate among women is  
just 54%. 
(b) Most of the labour done by them is unpaid. Where they are paid for their work, they  
receive lesser wages than men. 
(c) Due to the preference for the boy child, female foeticide is practiced in many parts of  
the country. 
Question 2: 
State different forms of communal politics with one example each. 
Different forms of communal politics: 
(a) The expression of communal superiority in everyday beliefs 
Militant religious groups are a good example of this. 
(b) The desire to form a majoritarian dominance or a separate state 
Separatist leaders and political parties in Jammu and Kashmir and Central India are an  
example of this. 
(c) The use of religious symbols and leaders in politics to appeal  to the voters 
This technique is applied by many politicians to influence voters from the two largest  
religious communities in the country. 
(d) In addition to all this, communal politics can take the form of communal violence  
and riots, like the riots in Gujarat in 2002. 
Question 3: 
State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India. 
Caste inequalities have not completely disappeared from India. Even today, most people  
marry within their own caste or tribe. Despite constitutional prohibition, untouchability  
has not ended completely. Education is not easily available to the so called 'low castes'.  
Economic status is closely linked to the caste system. In modern India, like in preindependence India, 
the poor are mostly the 'low castes' while the rich are the 'high  
castes', thereby showing that caste inequalities are still continuing in India. 
Question 4: 
State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India. 
Caste alone cannot determine election results in India because: 
No parliamentary constituency has a clear majority of one single caste. 
No party wins all the votes of a particular caste. 
Question 5: 
What is the status of women’s representation in India’s legislative bodies? 
When it comes to representation of women in legislative bodies, India is among the  
bottom group of nations in the world. Women’s representation has always been less than 10% in Lok 
Sabha and 5% in the State Assemblies. 
O n the other hand, the situation is different in the case of local government bodies. As  
one-third of seats in local government bodies (panchayats and municipalities) is reserved  
for women, there are more than 10 lakh elected women representatives in rural and urban  
local bodies. 
Question 6: 
Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state. 
Two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state are: 
The Constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice  
and propagate any religion, or not to follow any. 
The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion. 
Question 7: 
When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to: 
(a) Biological difference between men and women 
Page 3


GENDER RELIGION AND CASTE NCERT SOLUTION 
Question 1: 
Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in  
India. 
In India, women are discriminated and disadvantaged n the following ways: 
(a) They are not provided adequate education. Thus, the literacy rate among women is  
just 54%. 
(b) Most of the labour done by them is unpaid. Where they are paid for their work, they  
receive lesser wages than men. 
(c) Due to the preference for the boy child, female foeticide is practiced in many parts of  
the country. 
Question 2: 
State different forms of communal politics with one example each. 
Different forms of communal politics: 
(a) The expression of communal superiority in everyday beliefs 
Militant religious groups are a good example of this. 
(b) The desire to form a majoritarian dominance or a separate state 
Separatist leaders and political parties in Jammu and Kashmir and Central India are an  
example of this. 
(c) The use of religious symbols and leaders in politics to appeal  to the voters 
This technique is applied by many politicians to influence voters from the two largest  
religious communities in the country. 
(d) In addition to all this, communal politics can take the form of communal violence  
and riots, like the riots in Gujarat in 2002. 
Question 3: 
State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India. 
Caste inequalities have not completely disappeared from India. Even today, most people  
marry within their own caste or tribe. Despite constitutional prohibition, untouchability  
has not ended completely. Education is not easily available to the so called 'low castes'.  
Economic status is closely linked to the caste system. In modern India, like in preindependence India, 
the poor are mostly the 'low castes' while the rich are the 'high  
castes', thereby showing that caste inequalities are still continuing in India. 
Question 4: 
State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India. 
Caste alone cannot determine election results in India because: 
No parliamentary constituency has a clear majority of one single caste. 
No party wins all the votes of a particular caste. 
Question 5: 
What is the status of women’s representation in India’s legislative bodies? 
When it comes to representation of women in legislative bodies, India is among the  
bottom group of nations in the world. Women’s representation has always been less than 10% in Lok 
Sabha and 5% in the State Assemblies. 
O n the other hand, the situation is different in the case of local government bodies. As  
one-third of seats in local government bodies (panchayats and municipalities) is reserved  
for women, there are more than 10 lakh elected women representatives in rural and urban  
local bodies. 
Question 6: 
Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state. 
Two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state are: 
The Constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice  
and propagate any religion, or not to follow any. 
The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion. 
Question 7: 
When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to: 
(a) Biological difference between men and women 
(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women 
(c) Unequal child sex ratio 
(d) Absence of voting rights for women in democracies 
(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women 
Question 8: 
In India seats are reserved for women in 
(a) Lok Sabha 
(b) State Legislative Assemblies 
(c) Cabinets 
(d) Panchayati Raj bodies 
(d) Panchayati Raj bodies 
Question 9: 
Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics. Communal  
politics is based on the belief that: 
?. One religion is superior to that of others. 
?. People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal citizens. 
C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community. 
D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over  
others. 
Which of the statements is/are correct? 
(a) A, B, C and D 
(b) A, B and D 
(c) A and C 
(d) B and D 
(c) A and C 
Question 10: 
Which among the following statements about India’s Constitution is wrong? It 
Page 4


GENDER RELIGION AND CASTE NCERT SOLUTION 
Question 1: 
Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in  
India. 
In India, women are discriminated and disadvantaged n the following ways: 
(a) They are not provided adequate education. Thus, the literacy rate among women is  
just 54%. 
(b) Most of the labour done by them is unpaid. Where they are paid for their work, they  
receive lesser wages than men. 
(c) Due to the preference for the boy child, female foeticide is practiced in many parts of  
the country. 
Question 2: 
State different forms of communal politics with one example each. 
Different forms of communal politics: 
(a) The expression of communal superiority in everyday beliefs 
Militant religious groups are a good example of this. 
(b) The desire to form a majoritarian dominance or a separate state 
Separatist leaders and political parties in Jammu and Kashmir and Central India are an  
example of this. 
(c) The use of religious symbols and leaders in politics to appeal  to the voters 
This technique is applied by many politicians to influence voters from the two largest  
religious communities in the country. 
(d) In addition to all this, communal politics can take the form of communal violence  
and riots, like the riots in Gujarat in 2002. 
Question 3: 
State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India. 
Caste inequalities have not completely disappeared from India. Even today, most people  
marry within their own caste or tribe. Despite constitutional prohibition, untouchability  
has not ended completely. Education is not easily available to the so called 'low castes'.  
Economic status is closely linked to the caste system. In modern India, like in preindependence India, 
the poor are mostly the 'low castes' while the rich are the 'high  
castes', thereby showing that caste inequalities are still continuing in India. 
Question 4: 
State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India. 
Caste alone cannot determine election results in India because: 
No parliamentary constituency has a clear majority of one single caste. 
No party wins all the votes of a particular caste. 
Question 5: 
What is the status of women’s representation in India’s legislative bodies? 
When it comes to representation of women in legislative bodies, India is among the  
bottom group of nations in the world. Women’s representation has always been less than 10% in Lok 
Sabha and 5% in the State Assemblies. 
O n the other hand, the situation is different in the case of local government bodies. As  
one-third of seats in local government bodies (panchayats and municipalities) is reserved  
for women, there are more than 10 lakh elected women representatives in rural and urban  
local bodies. 
Question 6: 
Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state. 
Two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state are: 
The Constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice  
and propagate any religion, or not to follow any. 
The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion. 
Question 7: 
When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to: 
(a) Biological difference between men and women 
(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women 
(c) Unequal child sex ratio 
(d) Absence of voting rights for women in democracies 
(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women 
Question 8: 
In India seats are reserved for women in 
(a) Lok Sabha 
(b) State Legislative Assemblies 
(c) Cabinets 
(d) Panchayati Raj bodies 
(d) Panchayati Raj bodies 
Question 9: 
Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics. Communal  
politics is based on the belief that: 
?. One religion is superior to that of others. 
?. People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal citizens. 
C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community. 
D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over  
others. 
Which of the statements is/are correct? 
(a) A, B, C and D 
(b) A, B and D 
(c) A and C 
(d) B and D 
(c) A and C 
Question 10: 
Which among the following statements about India’s Constitution is wrong? It 
(a) prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion 
(b) gives official status to one religion 
(c) provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion 
(d) ensures equality of citizens within religious communities 
(b) gives official status to one religion 
Question 11: 
Social divisions based on ______________ are peculiar to India. 
Social divisions based on caste are peculiar to India. 
Question 12: 
Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the  
Lists: 
List I  
1. A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men 
2. A person who says that religion is the principal basis of community 
3. A person who thinks that caste is the principal basis of community 
4. A person who does not discriminate others on the basis of religious beliefs 
List II 
?. Communalist 
?. Feminist 
C. Secularist 
D. Castiest 
 (a) B C A D 
(b) B A D C 
(c) D C A B 
(d) C A B D 
 (b) B A D C 
Read More

Complete Syllabus of Class 10

Content Category

Related Searches

Viva Questions

,

Important questions

,

NCERT Solution - Democratic Politics : Gender

,

study material

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

NCERT Solution - Democratic Politics : Gender

,

video lectures

,

Religion & Caste Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

practice quizzes

,

Religion & Caste Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

Sample Paper

,

Extra Questions

,

ppt

,

MCQs

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

mock tests for examination

,

Objective type Questions

,

Free

,

Exam

,

Summary

,

Religion & Caste Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

past year papers

,

pdf

,

NCERT Solution - Democratic Politics : Gender

,

Semester Notes

;