Q1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
Ans: (b) Odisha
(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is
(a) 97025' E
(b) 6807' E
(c) 7706’ E
(d) 82032' E
Ans: (a) 97°25' E
(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim have common frontiers with
Ans: (c) Nepal
(iv) If you intend to visit Kavaratti during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to
(c) Andaman and Nicobar
(d) Daman and Diu
Ans: (b) Lakshadweep
(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share a land boundary with India. Identify the country.
Ans: (b) Tajikistan
Q2. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.
(iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?
(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?
(i) Lakshadweep Islands lie in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, and Australia are the countries that are larger than India.
(iii) Andaman and Nicobar Islands lie to the southeast of India.
(iv) Sri Lanka and Maldives are the two island countries that are the southern neighbours of India.
Q3. The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?
Ans: From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh, there is a time lag of two hours, but the watches show the same time because the time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’ E) passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh is taken as the standard time for the whole country. Because the same standard time for the whole country has been adopted, the watches show the same time in Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, and in all parts of the country.
Q4. The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?
Ans: The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance due to the following reasons:
|1. What is the total area of India and how does it rank in the world in terms of size?|
|2. Which countries share a land border with India and what is the length of India's coastline?|
|3. What is the significance of India's location on the world map?|
|4. What is the time difference between India and the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)?|
|5. What are the major climatic zones of India and what are their characteristics?|