Ques.1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
Ans. (b) Odisha
(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is
(a) 97025' E
(b) 6807' E
(c) 7706’ E
(d) 82032' E
Ans. (a) 97°25' E
(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim have common frontiers with
Ans. (c) Nepal
(iv) If you intend to visit Kavaratti during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to
(c) Andaman and Nicobar
(d) Daman and Diu
Ans. (b) Lakshadweep
(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share a land boundary with India. Identify the country.
Ans. (b) Tajikistan
Ques.2. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.
(iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?
(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?
(i) Lakshadweep Islands lie in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, and Australia are the countries that are larger than India.
(iii) Andaman and Nicobar Islands lie to the southeast of India.
Fig. Location of Andaman and Nicobar islands
(iv) Sri Lanka and Maldives are the two island countries that are the southern neighbours of India.
Ques.3. The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?
Ans. From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh, there is a time lag of two hours, but the watches show the same time because the time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’ E) passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh is taken as the standard time for the whole country. Because the same standard time for the whole country has been adopted, the watches show the same time in Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, and in all parts of the country.
Ques 4: The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?
Ans: The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance due to the following reasons:
1. India has got a strategic advantage due to the Trans Indian Ocean routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries in East Asia.
2. It helps India to establish close contacts with Africa, West Asia, and Europe from the Western coast and with the Southeast and East Asia from the Eastern coast.
3. The natural harbours and the vast coastline have benefitted India in the process of trade and commerce with the distant countries as well as its neighbours.
4. It has given India a distinct climate from the rest of the Asian Continent.