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India - Size And Location NCERT Solutions - Geography for UPSC CSE

Q1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through 
(a) Rajasthan 
(b) Odisha 
(c) Chhattisgarh 
(d) Tripura
Ans: (b) Odisha

(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is
(a) 97025' E
(b) 6807' E
(c) 7706’ E
(d) 82032' E
Ans:
(a) 97°25' E

(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim have common frontiers with
(a) China
(b) Bhutan
(c) Nepal
(d) Myanmar
Ans: 
(c) Nepal

(iv) If you intend to visit Kavaratti during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to
(a) Puducherry
(b) Lakshadweep
(c) Andaman and Nicobar
(d) Daman and Diu
Ans: 
(b) Lakshadweep

(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share a land boundary with India. Identify the country.
(a) Bhutan
(b) Tajikistan
(c) Bangladesh
(d) Nepal
Ans:
(b) Tajikistan

Q2. Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.
(iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?
(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?

Ans: 
(i) Lakshadweep Islands lie in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, and Australia are the countries that are larger than India.
(iii) Andaman and Nicobar Islands lie to the southeast of India.

India - Size And Location NCERT Solutions | Geography for UPSC CSE

Location of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(iv) Sri Lanka and Maldives are the two island countries that are the southern neighbours of India.


Q3. The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?
Ans: From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh, there is a time lag of two hours, but the watches show the same time because the time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’ E) passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh is taken as the standard time for the whole country. Because the same standard time for the whole country has been adopted, the watches show the same time in Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, and in all parts of the country.


Q4. The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?
Ans: The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance due to the following reasons:

  • India has got a strategic advantage due to the Trans Indian Ocean routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries in East Asia.
  • It helps India to establish close contacts with Africa, West Asia, and Europe from the Western coast and with the Southeast and East Asia from the Eastern coast.
  • The natural harbours and the vast coastline have benefitted India in the process of trade and commerce with the distant countries as well as its neighbours.
  • It has given India a distinct climate from the rest of the Asian Continent.
The document India - Size And Location NCERT Solutions | Geography for UPSC CSE is a part of the UPSC Course Geography for UPSC CSE.
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FAQs on India - Size And Location NCERT Solutions - Geography for UPSC CSE

1. What is the total area of India and how does it rank in the world in terms of size?
Ans. India has a total area of 3.28 million sq. km. It is the seventh-largest country in the world in terms of area.
2. Which countries share a land border with India and what is the length of India's coastline?
Ans. India shares a land border with seven countries - Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Afghanistan. The length of India's coastline is 7,516.6 km.
3. What is the significance of India's location on the world map?
Ans. India is strategically located in South Asia and has a unique location between the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean. This location has made India a center of trade and commerce for centuries, with easy access to markets in the Middle East, Africa, and Southeast Asia.
4. What is the time difference between India and the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)?
Ans. India is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+5:30).
5. What are the major climatic zones of India and what are their characteristics?
Ans. India has five major climatic zones - Tropical, Arid, Semi-Arid, Temperate, and Alpine. The Tropical zone is characterized by high temperatures and heavy rainfall, while the Arid zone is dry and hot. The Semi-Arid zone has a mix of dry and wet seasons. The Temperate zone has moderate temperatures and rainfall, while the Alpine zone has cold temperatures and heavy snowfall.
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